The Insects An Outline of Entomology

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2010-02-15
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

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This established, popular textbook provides a stimulating and comprehensive introduction to the insects, the animals that represent over half of the planet's biological diversity.

In this new fourth edition, the authors introduce the key features of insect structure, function, behavior, ecology and classification, placed within the latest ideas on insect evolution. Much of the book is organized around major biological themes - living on the ground, in water, on plants, in colonies, and as predators, parasites/parasitoids and prey.

A strong evolutionary theme is maintained throughout. The ever-growing economic importance of insects is emphasized in new boxes on insect pests, and in chapters on medical and veterinary entomology, and pest management. Updated 'taxoboxes' provide concise information on all aspects of each of the 27 major groupings (orders) of insects.

Key Features:

-All chapters thoroughly updated with the latest results from international studies

-Accompanying website with downloadable illustrations and links to video clips

-All chapters to include new text boxes of topical issues and studies

-Major revision of systematic and taxonomy chapter

-Still beautifully illustrated with more new illustrations from the artist, Karina McInnes

A companion resources site is available at www.wiley.com/go/gullan/insects. This site includes:

-Copies of the figures from the book for downloading, along with a PDF of the captions.

-Colour versions of key figures from the book

-A list of useful web links for each chapter, selected by the author.

The authors maintain the tradition of clarity and conciseness set by earlier editions, and the text is illustrated profusely with specially commissioned hand-drawn figures. The illustrations and the informative text aim to encourage the scientific study of insects, either as a vocation or as a hobby. The book is intended as the principal text for students studying entomology, as well as a reference text for undergraduate and graduate courses in fields of ecology, agriculture, fisheries and forestry, palaeontology, zoology, and medical and veterinary science.

Author Biography

Penny Gullan and Peter Cranston are professors in the Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis, USA, where they jointly teach undergraduate courses in biodiversity, insect systematics, and general entomology, and conduct research on Coceoidea and Chironomidae, respectively. They maintain strong connections to the Australian National University, Canberra, where, as Visiting Fellows, much of this fourth edition was revised.

Table of Contents

List of boxesp. viii
Preface to the fourth editionp. ix
Preface to the third editionp. xi
Preface to the second editionp. xiii
Preface and acknowledgments for first editionp. xv
The Importance, Diversity and Conservation of Insectsp. 1
What is entomology?p. 2
The importance of insectsp. 2
Insect biodiversityp. 4
Naming and classification of insectsp. 8
Insects in popular culture and commercep. 9
Insects as foodp. 11
Culturing insectsp. 14
Insect conservationp. 15
Further readingp. 22
External Anatomyp. 23
The cuticlep. 24
Segmentation and tagmosisp. 30
The headp. 32
The thoraxp. 41
The abdomenp. 49
Further readingp. 52
Internal Anatomy and Physiologyp. 53
Muscles and locomotionp. 54
The nervous system and co-ordinationp. 60
The endocrine system and the function of hormonesp. 63
The circulatory systemp. 66
The tracheal system and gas exchangep. 69
The gut, digestion, and nutritionp. 74
The excretory system and waste disposalp. 82
Reproductive organsp. 84
Further readingp. 89
Sensory Systems and Behaviorp. 91
Mechanical stimulip. 92
Thermal stimulip. 101
Chemical stimulip. 103
Insect visionp. 113
Insect behaviorp. 118
Further readingp. 120
Reproductionp. 121
Bringing the sexes togetherp. 122
Courtshipp. 124
Sexual selectionp. 124
Copulationp. 126
Diversity in genitalic morphologyp. 132
Sperm storage fertilization and sex determinationp. 135
Sperm competitionp. 138
Oviparity (egg-laying)p. 140
Ovoviviparity and viviparityp. 145
Atypical modes of reproductionp. 145
Physiological control of reproductionp. 148
Further readingp. 149
Insect Development and Life Historiesp. 151
Growthp. 152
Life-history patterns and phasesp. 156
Process and control of moltingp. 164
Voltinismp. 167
Diapausep. 168
Dealing with environmental extremesp. 170
Migrationp. 173
Polymorphism and polyphenismp. 175
Age-gradingp. 176
Environmental effects on developmentp. 178
Climate and insect distributionsp. 183
Further readingp. 187
Insect Systematics: Phylogeny and Classificationp. 189
Systematicsp. l90
The extant Hexapodap. 198
Class Entognatha: Protura (proturans), Collembola (springtails), and Diplura (diplurans)p. 201
Class Insecta (true insects)p. 201
Further readingp. 221
Insect Biogeography and Evolutionp. 223
Insect biogeographyp. 224
The antiquity of insectsp. 225
Were the first insects aquatic or terrestrial?p. 230
Evolution of wingsp. 231
Evolution of metamorphosisp. 234
Insect diversificationp. 236
Insect evolution in the Pacificp. 237
Further readingp. 239
Ground-Dwelling Insectsp. 241
Insects of litter and soilp. 242
Insects and dead trees or decaying woodp. 248
Insects and dungp. 249
Insect-carrion interactionsp. 251
Insect-fungal interactionsp. 251
Cavernicolous insectsp. 254
Environmental monitoring using ground-dwelling hexapodsp. 255
Further readingp. 256
Aquatic Insectsp. 257
Taxonomic distribution and terminologyp. 258
The evolution of aquatic lifestylesp. 258
Aquatic insects and their oxygen suppliesp. 263
The aquatic environmentp. 268
Environmental monitoring using aquatic insectsp. 271
Functional feeding groupsp. 272
Insects of temporary waterbodiesp. 273
Insects of the marine intertidal and littoral zonesp. 274
Further readingp. 275
Insects and Plantsp. 277
Coevolutionary interactions between insects and plantsp. 279
Phytophagy (or herbivory)p. 279
Insects and plant reproductive biologyp. 298
Insects that live mutualistically in specialized plant structuresp. 303
Further readingp. 306
Insect Societiesp. 307
Subsociality in insectsp. 308
Eusociality in insectsp. 312
Inquilines and parasites of social insectsp. 330
Evolution and maintenance of eusocialityp. 332
Success of eusocial insectsp. 336
Further readingp. 336
Insect Predation and Parasitismp. 339
Prey/host locationp. 340
Prey/host acceptance and manipulationp. 346
Prey/host selection and specificityp. 349
Population biology: predator/parasitoid and prey/host abundancep. 359
The evolutionary success of insect predation and parasitismp. 361
Further readingp. 362
Insect Defensep. 365
Defense by hidingp. 366
Secondary lines of defensep. 370
Mechanical defensesp. 371
Chemical defensesp. 372
Defense by mimicryp. 377
Collective defenses in gregarious and social insectsp. 380
Further readingp. 384
Medical and Veterinary Entomologyp. 385
Insect nuisance and phobiap. 386
Venoms and allergensp. 386
Insects as causes and vectors of diseasep. 388
Generalized disease cyclesp. 389
Pathogensp. 390
Forensic entomologyp. 404
Further readingp. 405
Pest Managementp. 407
Insects as pestsp. 408
The effects of insecticidesp. 413
Integrated pest managementp. 417
Chemical controlp. 418
Biological controlp. 422
Host-plant resistance to insectsp. 433
Physical controlp. 437
Cultural controlp. 437
Pheromones and other insect attractantsp. 438
Genetic manipulation of insect pestsp. 439
Further readingp. 440
Methods in Entomology: Collecting Preservation Curation and Identificationp. 443
Collectionp. 444
Preservation and curationp. 447
Identificationp. 456
Further readingp. 459
Taxoboxesp. 461
Entognatha: non-insect hexapods (Collembola, Diplura and Protura)p. 461
Archaeognatha (or Microcoryphia; bristletails)p. 463
Zygentoma (silverfish)p. 464
Ephemeroptera (mayflies)p. 465
Odonata (damselflies and dragonflies)p. 466
Plecoptera (stoneflies)p. 468
Dermaptera (earwigs)p. 469
Embioptera (Embiidina; embiopterans or webspinners)p. 470
Zoraptera (zorapterans)p. 471
Orthoptera (grasshoppers, locusts, katydids and crickets)p. 471
Phasmatodea (phasmids, stick-insects or walking sticks)p. 472
Grylloblattodea (Grylloblattaria or Notoptera; grylloblattids, or ice or rock crawlers)p. 474
Mantophasmatodea (heelwalkers)p. 474
Mantodea (mantids, mantises, or praying mantids)p. 476
Blattodea: roach families (cockroaches or roaches)p. 476
Blattodea: epifamily Termitoidae (former order Isoptera; termites)p. 478
Psocodea: "Psocoptera" (bark lice and book lice)p. 479
Psocodea: "Phthiraptera" (chewing lice and sucking lice)p. 480
Thysanoptera (thrips)p. 481
Hemiptera (bugs, cicadas, leafhoppers, planthoppers, spittle bugs, treehoppers, aphids, jumping plant lice, scale insects, and whiteflies)p. 482
Neuropterida: Neuroptera (lacewings, owlflies, and antlions), Megaloptera (alderflies, dobsonflies, and fishflies) and Raphidioptera (snakeflies)p. 484
Coleoptera (beetles)p. 487
Strepsiptera (strepsipterans)p. 488
Diptera (flies)p. 490
Mecoptera (hangingflies, scorpionflies, and snowfleas)p. 491
Siphonaptera (fleas)p. 492
Trichoptera (caddisflies)p. 494
Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths)p. 495
Hymenoptera (ants, bees, wasps, sawflies, and wood wasps)p. 497
Glossaryp. 499
Referencesp. 527
Indexp. 535
Appendix: A reference guide to ordersp. 559
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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Customer Reviews

Insects!!! July 23, 2011
I learned so much from this text book. It was amazing to me to learn just how intricate insects really are. This edition provides enough information for beginning entomology. The illustrations and the informative text aim to encourage the scientific study of insects, either as a vocation or as a hobby. This is a great textbook for learning just about anything you could ever want to know about insects.
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The Insects An Outline of Entomology: 5 out of 5 stars based on 1 user reviews.

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