International Human Rights

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-07-31
  • Publisher: Westview Pr

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International Human Rightsstudies the ways in which states and other international actors have addressed human rights since the end of World War II. This unique textbook features substantial attention to the domestic politics of human rights, as well as an extensive emphasis on theory. The fourth edition is substantially rewritten and reorganized to enhance usability, and new material is added to bring the text up to date. Most notably, the sections covering multilateral, bilateral, and transnational action have been broken into seven short chapters, which encourage comparisons within and across types of action and historical cases. New case studies provide context and points of comparison, including a new examination of the contemporary international reactions to human rights violations in China now that the country has become a great power. Additionally, nine "Problems" have been added to the text, which along with the chapter-ending discussion questions, frame alternative interpretations, highlight controversies, and ultimately aim to provoke further thought and discussion amongst readers. International Human Rights,Fourth Edition, is the most current and comprehensive text available that will allow readers to understand how and why human rights are violated, what international action can do to address these violations, and why human rights remain such a small part of international relations.

Author Biography

Jack Donnelly is the Andrew W. Mellon Professor of International Relations at the Graduate School of International Studies at the University of Denver. He has written two other books and over fifty articles and book chapters, which have been widely reprinted and translated into eight languages, on the theory and Practice of internationally recognized human rights.

Table of Contents

List of Case Studiesp. xi
List of Problemsp. xi
Tables and Boxesp. xi
Acronymsp. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Introduction: A Note to the Readerp. xvii
Introduction and Theoryp. 1
Human Rights as an Issue in World Politicsp. 3
The Emergence of International Human Rights Normsp. 4
From Cold War to Covenantsp. 6
The 1970s: From Standard Setting to Monitoringp. 8
The 1980s: Further Growth and Institutionalizationp. 10
The 1990s: Consolidating Progress and Acting Against Genocidep. 11
International Human Rights After 9/11p. 13
The Global Human Rights Regimep. 14
Discussion Questionsp. 16
Suggested Readingsp. 17
Theories of Human Rightsp. 19
The Nature of Human Rightsp. 19
The Source or Justification of Human Rightsp. 21
Equal Concern and Respectp. 22
Interdependent and Indivisible Human Rightsp. 23
The Duty-Bearers of Human Rightsp. 24
Human Rights and Related Practicesp. 25
Sovereignty, Anarchy, and International Societyp. 26
Three Models of International Human Rightsp. 27
Realism and Human Rightsp. 29
Democracy and Human Rightsp. 30
Discussion Questionsp. 32
Suggested Readingsp. 34
The Relative Universality of Human Rightsp. 37
Universality and Relativityp. 37
International Legal Universalityp. 38
Overlapping Consensus Universalityp. 39
Functional Universalityp. 40
Anthropological or Historical Relativityp. 42
Cultural Relativismp. 44
Universal Rights, Not Identical Practicesp. 45
Universalism Without Imperialismp. 46
The Relative Universality of Human Rightsp. 47
Hate Speechp. 48
Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientationp. 50
Discussion Questionsp. 52
Suggested Readingsp. 54
The Domestic Politics of Human Rights: Dirty Wars in the Southern Conep. 57
Politics Before the Coupsp. 57
Torture and Disappearancesp. 59
The National Security Doctrinep. 61
Human Rights NGOsp. 63
The Collapse of Military Rulep. 64
Nunca Más: Settling Accounts with Torturers and the Pastp. 66
Postscript: Maintaining Civilian Rulep. 69
Discussion Questionsp. 70
Suggested Readingsp. 72
Multilateral, Bilateral, and Transnational Actionp. 75
Global Multilateral Mechanismsp. 77
The Human Rights Councilp. 77
The High Commissioner for Human Rightsp. 80
Treaty-Reporting Systemsp. 81
Additional Global Actorsp. 86
Case Study: The Antiapartheid Regimep. 88
Discussion Questionsp. 92
Suggested Readingsp. 93
Regional Human Rights Regimesp. 95
The European Regional Regimep. 95
The Inter-American Systemp. 96
The African Regional Regimep. 98
The Arab World and Asiap. 99
Case Study: Chile and the Inter-American Commissionp. 100
Discussion Questionsp. 102
Suggested Readingsp. 103
Assessing Multilateral Mechanismsp. 105
The Evolution of International Human Rights Regimesp. 105
Assessing Multilateral Human Rights Mechanismsp. 109
Human Rights in American Foreign Policy: Cold War-Era Cases and Comparisonsp. 113
Anticommunism and American Exceptionalismp. 114
Case Study: US Policy in Central Americap. 115
Case Study: US Policy in the Southern Conep. 124
Case Study: US Policy Toward South Africap. 125
Other Western Approaches to International Human Rightsp. 128
Explaining Differences in Human Rights Policiesp. 130
US Ratification of Human Rights Treatiesp. 133
Discussion Questionsp. 135
Suggested Readingsp. 136
Human Rights and Foreign Policyp. 139
Human Rights and the National Interestp. 139
Means and Mechanisms of Bilateral Actionp. 140
The Aims and Effects of Human Rights Policiesp. 143
Foreign Policy and Human Rights Policyp. 145
Discussion Questionsp. 148
Suggested Readingsp. 148
Transnational Human Rights Advocacyp. 149
Amnesty Internationalp. 150
Human Rights Watchp. 151
Nonpartisan Actionp. 153
NGO Legitimacyp. 155
Human Rights Obligations of MNCsp. 156
Discussion Questionsp. 158
Suggested Readingsp. 158
Comparing International Actors and Evaluating International Actionp. 161
Comparing International Actorsp. 161
The Priority of National Actionp. 162
A System of International Accountabilityp. 163
Post-Cold War Issues and Casesp. 165
Responding to Human Rights Violations in China: Tiananmen and Afterp. 167
China's Democracy Movementp. 167
International Responses to Tiananmenp. 171
Assessing the Impact of International Actionp. 176
Constructive Engagement Revisitedp. 178
Human Rights and Great Power Chinap. 180
Human Rights and "Asian Values"p. 182
Discussion Questionsp. 185
Suggested Readingsp. 187
Humanitarian Intervention Against Genocidep. 191
Case Study: Bosniap. 191
Case Study: Rwandap. 198
Case Study: Kosovop. 199
The Authority to Intervenep. 201
Case Study: East Timorp. 203
A Right to Humanitarian Intervention Against Genocidep. 205
Case Study: Sudanp. 206
Justifying Humanitarian Interventionp. 209
Types of Justifiabilityp. 210
A New Conception of Securityp. 212
Discussion Questionsp. 213
Suggested Readingsp. 214
Globalization, the State, and Human Rightsp. 219
Globalizationp. 219
States and Human Rightsp. 221
Markets and Welfare Statesp. 222
Market Democracy and American Foreign Policyp. 225
An Alliance of States and Human Rights Advocates?p. 228
West, South, and Market Redistributionsp. 230
Discussion Questionsp. 232
Suggested Readingsp. 232
(Anti)Terrorism and Human Rights
Human Rights in Post-Cold War American Foreign Policyp. 235
The Retreat of Human Rightsp. 237
Human Rights, Security, and Foreign Policyp. 239
The Axis of Evilp. 241
The War Against Iraqp. 242
The Waning of the War?p. 243
The Absolute Prohibition of Torturep. 244
(Anti)Terrorism and Civil Libertiesp. 246
Discussion Questionsp. 247
Suggested Readingsp. 248
Notesp. 251
Appendix: Universal Declaration of Human Rightsp. 261
Glossaryp. 265
Indexp. 271
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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