International Relations and World Politics

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-02-16
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Updated in its 5thedition, International Relations and World Politicsis a toolkit that offers an authoritative survey of the field and practical ways to analyze current and future world problems. Drawn from the authors' experience as scholars and practitioners, this new edition was completely rewritten to focus on an enduring teaching and learning goalhow individuals can apply theory, history, geography, and more for a lifetime of understanding politics in a globalized world. Whether as actors themselves in world politics, participants in the global economy, or simply readers of world news, those reading International Relations and World Politicsnot only get more help to master the field's concepts but also get more help to understand that these are real-world ideas with real-world implications.

Author Biography

Paul Viotti is Professor at the University of Denver’s Josef Korbel School of International Studies and Executive Director of the Institute on Globalization & Security. He also served for three decades in the Air Force, retiring as a Colonel after teaching political science at the Air Force Academy for 20 years.


Mark V. Kauppi is the Program Manager for the Department of Defense's counterterrorism training program for intelligence analysts; he is responsible for providing and overseeing instruction to analysts not only from the Department of Defense but also intelligence agencies, law enforcement organizations, and foreign partners. Mark has been an adjunct professor at Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service since 2000.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Mapsp. xvii
Engaging International Relations and World Politicsp. 1
Globalizationp. 4
Actorsp. 6
Statep. s6
International Organizationsp. 7
Case & Point Global Governance and the Ratko Mladic Casep. 8
Nongovernmental Organizationsp. 10
SlideShow Key Actors in IRp. 12
Individualsp. 14
Security, Economy, Identityp. 15
Arugument Counterargument Assessing the Roles of States and Nonstate Actorsp. 16
Theoryp. 23
What Is a Theory?p. 26
Formulating and Testing Hypothesesp. 26
The Levels of Analysis Frameworkp. 28
Arugument Counterargument Generating Hypothesesp. 30
World Imagesp. 30
Realistsp. 32
Liberalsp. 33
Economic Structuralistsp. 35
English School "Rationalists"p. 37
Case & Point Agriculture and the Developing Worldp. 37
Interpretive Understandingsp. 39
Constructivistsp. 39
Feministsp. 40
Critical Theorists and Postmodernistsp. 41
Assessing the Challenges to Mainstream Science and Positivismp. 43
Normative Theoryp. 43
SlideShow World Images and Political Leadersp. 44
Historyp. 52
International Systems: Definition and Scopep. 54
Independent State Systemp. 56
Hegemonic State Systemp. 56
Imperial Systemp. 57
Feudal Systemp. 58
Historical International Systemsp. 59
The Persian Empirep. 59
Classical Greecep. 60
Indiap. 62
The Roman Empirep. 63
The East Asian Spherep. 65
Medieval Europe and the Feudal Systemp. 66
The Rise of the European Independent State Systemp. 68
The Emergence of Collective Hegemonyp. 73
Arugument Counterargument Thucydides and Power Transitionp. 73
The Globalization of the European Systemp. 74
Case & Point Politicians and Strategyp. 78
Twentieth Century Hegemonic Systems in a Global Contextp. 81
Dual Hegemony during the Cold Wap. 82
SlideShow: International Systems throughout Historyp. 84
Arugument Counterargument Why a Cold War and Not a Hot War?p. 87
Rising Powersp. 88
Chinap. 89
Indiap. 92
Russiap. 92
Brazilp. 93
Geographyp. 100
Physical and Human Geographyp. 102
Physical Geographyp. 102
Human Geographyp. 106
Worldwide Religious Traditionsp. 108
Religion and International Relations Theoryp. 110
Overview of the Major Religious Traditionsp. 112
Culture and Religious Beliefsp. 113
Eastern Religious Traditionsp. 114
Case & Point Religious Intolerancep. 115
Western Religious Traditionp. 116
Nations and Statesp. 121
SlideShow Physical and Human Geographyp. 122
Nationalismp. 124
Binational Statesp. 127
Multinational, Multitribal, and Multiethnic Statesp. 129
Nation-States and Nations without Statesp. 132
Arugument-Counterargument Explaining Ethnic Conflict and Nationalismp. 133
Nationalism and Ethnicityp. 135
Maintaining Unity in Binational,
Multinational, and Multiethnic Statesp. 136
Outside Intervention, Social, and Economic Approachesp. 140
Globalizationp. 148
Current Dynamics in Globalizationp. 150
Technologyp. 150
Case & Point Five Forces That Flattened the Worldp. 152
Economic Impactp. 153
Arugument-Counterargument Globalization or Americanization?p. 154
Social-Cultural Impactp. 155
Political Impactp. 157
Capitalism as a Worldwide Form of Political Economyp. 159
SlideShow Aspects of Globalizationp. 160
Identifying the Attributes of Capitalist Political Economyp. 162
Arugument Counterargument The Wealth of a Nation and Its Productive Capacity: Gross National Product and Gross Domestic Productp. 164
The Passing of Feudalism arm the New Politics of Capitalism, Mercantilism, and Liberalismp. 165
The Progressive Globalization of Capitalismp. 167
The Ongoing, Twentieth Century Debate on Global Commercep. 170
Global Governance-The Export Import Trade Regimep. 172
Global Governance-The International Monetary Regimep. 173
Global Governance-The Investment and Development Regimep. 174
Powerp. 184
How to Think about National Securityp. 186
Interestsp. 187
Objectivesp. 188
Threatsp. 188
Case & Point Key Drivers of National Security Policyp. 191
Opportunitiesp. 192
Policymaking Conflicts and Dilemmasp. 192
Arugument Counterargument The Rationality Assumptionp. 193
Qualifying the Nature of Interests and Objectivesp. 194
Prioritizing Objectivesp. 195
Competing Domestic and Foreign Policy Objectivesp. 296
Arugument Counterargument Balance of Powerp. 197
SlideShow Power and Capabilitiesp. 198
Capabilities and Powerp. 200
Political Capabilitiesp. 202
Social and Cultural Capabilitiesp. 206
Geographic and Economic Capabilitiesp. 207
Military Capabilitiesp. 209
Measuring Powerp. 210
Diplomacy and Foreign Policyp. 217
Diplomacy and Foreign Policyp. 219
Arugment-Counterargument Decision Making: Liberal and Constructivist Explanationsp. 223
The Historical Development of Diplomacyp. 224
Case & Point NGOs and Diplomacy in the Fieldp. 225
Diplomatic Processesp. 228
Recognition of States and Governmentsp. 228
Diplomatic Immunities and Protectionsp. 231
The Organization of Diplomatic Missionsp. 232
Diplomatic Incentives and Disincentivesp. 234
Diplomatic Communicationsp. 236
Arugment Counterargument Crisis Diplomacy and Foreign Policy Decisionsp. 237
Negotiation Strategiesp. 239
Disarmament and Arms Controlp. 241
SlideShow Curbing Weapons Proliferationp. 242
Ways to Conceptualize Arms Controlp. 244
Arms Control, Verification, and Compliancep. 250
Weapons Proliferationp. 250
International Law and International Organizationp. 260
International Law and the Emergence of Global Civil Societyp. 262
Arugment-Counterargument Ideas and the Social Construction of Global Civil Societyp. 263
The Emergence of International Lawp. 263
Sources of International Lawp. 264
The Expanding Scope of International Law in Global Civil Societyp. 265
Diplomacy and Security:' Matters of War and Peacep. 265
Economic and Commercial Mattersp. 267
Human Rights and the Environmentp. 268
International Criminal Accountabilityp. 271
The United Nations (UN): Objectives and Structurep. 273
Armed Intervention, International Organizations, and International Lawp. 274
Collective Security as Collective Law Enforcementp. 275
Slide Show Nationalism and Civil Conflictp. 276
Case & Point Reconstructing Europe at the Congress of Viennap. 279
Peacekeeping: Managing and Controlling Conflictsp. 283
Alliances and Coalitionsp. 284
NATOłThe North Atlantic Treaty Organizationp. 285
Arugment-Counterargument Security as a Collective Goodp. 287
Alliances as Collective Goodsp. 288
Interstate Conflictp. 294
The Rationalities and Irrationalities of interstate Conflictp. 297
The Causes of Interstate Conflictp. 297
International System Level of Analysisp. 298
Individual and Group Levels of Analysisp. 299
State and Societal Levels of Analysisp. 300
Arugment-Counterargument Why Did the United States Invade Iraq?p. 302
National Strategy and the Use of Forcep. 303
Slide Show Analyzing Interstate Warp. 304
Deterrence, Defense, and Warfightingp. 307
Minimum or Finite Deterrencep. 309
Deterrence through Assured Destruction and Defensive Effortsp. 312
Defensep. 313
Warfightingp. 313
The Post-Cold War Periodp. 314
Case & Point Technology and the Future of Warfarep. 315
Concerns with Deterrence Theoryp. 316
Moral Principle and the Use of Forcep. 317
Arugment-Counterargument A Democratic Peace?p. 318
Just-War Theoryp. 318
Conduct during Warp. 320
Case & Point Mark Twain's War Prayerp. 320
Armed Intervention and National Securityp. 324
Humanitarian Interventionp. 325
Cormpeting Criteria for Decisions on Armed Interventionp. 326
Asymmetric Conflictp. 334
Asymmetric Conflictp. 336
Case & Point The Mumbai Terrorist Attacksp. 337
Terrorismp. 338
Historyp. 338
The United Statesp. 340
Causes of Terrorismp. 341
Psychological/Social-Psychological Factorsp. 341
Case & Point Rational Terrorismp. 343
Ideological Factorsp. 343
Environmental Factorsp. 343
The Changing Nature of Terrorismp. 345
Who Are Terrorists?p. 345
Why Terrorism?p. 346
How Terrorism Worksp. 347
Arugment-Counterargument Netwarp. 349
Policymaker Responsesp. 353
Slide Show Technology and Asymmetric Warfarep. 354
Eliminate the Underlying Causesp. 356
Counterattackp. 356
Impose the Rule of Lawp. 357
Encourage International Cooperationp. 358
Transnational Crime and Globalizationp. 359
Blurring the Terrorism-Crime Distinctionp. 362
TCO Threat Assessmentp. 363
Trade and Moneyp. 369
Trade Theory and Comparative Advantagep. 372
Arugment-Counterargument Why and How Countries Tradep. 375
Neoclassical and Subsequent Economic Thoughtp. 378
The Impact of Technology on Free-Trade Theoryp. 380
Slide Show Tracing International Tradep. 382
Trade and Financep. 384
How Exchange Rates Workp. 385
The Impact of Exchange-Rate Fluctuationson Tradep. 386
The Politics of Managing Exchange Ratesp. 387
Case & Point The Big Mac Indexp. 388
Global Governance Tasks: Sustaining Trade and Monetary Regimesp. 390
Maintaining International Liquidityp. 390
Fixed Exchange-Rate Regimesp. 391
Floating Exchange Ratesp. 393
Financing Tradep. 395
Global Tradep. 404
Regional Economic Integration and Global Commercep. 406
Trade and Economic Integrationp. 407
Is Europe Unique?p. 411
Developmentp. 418
Uneven Development and Poverty in Developing Countriesp. 420
Arugment-Counterargument The Poor Get Poorerp. 421
Poverty, Capital Formation, and Developmentp. 425
Aidp. 425
Loansp. 429
Direct Foreign Investmentp. 430
Tradep. 431
Case & Point The Complex Case of Transfer Pricingp. 432
Case & Point The Internet and the Developing Worldp. 435
Slide Show Land, Labor, Capitalp. 436
Sustaining Developmentp. 438
Population Growthp. 438
Environmentp. 440
Healthp. 441
Military Spending and Warp. 442
Economic-Structuralist Critiques and Perspectivesp. 443
Dependency Theoryp. 443
Arugment-Counterargument Marxist Perspectives on the Plight of Less-Developed Countriesp. 445
Capitalist World-System Theoryp. 445
Human Rightsp. 453
Human Rights and the Human Conditionp. 455
Case & Point Women in the Developing Worldp. 457
The Universality of Human Rights versus State Sovereigntyp. 460
Arugment-Counterargument The Social Construction of Human Rightsp. 464
Human Rights across Culturesp. 465
Values That Transcend Diverse Culturesp. 467
From Theory to Factp. 469
Slide Show Human Rights Abusesp. 470
Case & Point Children and Human Rightsp. 473
Machinery for Human Rights Issues and Casesp. 474
Regional Human Rights Efforts in Europep. 477
Other Regional Human Rights Effortsp. 479
NGOs and Human Rightsp. 480
Arugment Counterargument Nonviolent Resistancep. 481
Refugeesp. 482
The Environmentp. 494
A Global Perspectivep. 496
Atmospherep. 497
Landp. 498
Arugment-Counterargument Understanding EnvironmentalChallengesp. 499
Biodiversityp. 500
Freshwaterp. 500
Coastal and Marine Areasp. 501
Global Populationp. 501
Case & Point Estimating Population Growthp. 503
Slide Show Environmental Degradationp. 504
The Environment and Securityp. 506
Resource Warsp. 506
Group-Identity Conflictsp. 507
Civil Strifep. 508
IOs and NGOsp. 509
International Organizationsp. 510
Transnational Nongovernmental Organizationsp. 514
Glossaryp. 519
Creditsp. 530
Indexp. 531
Answer Keyp. 549
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