Introducing Philosophy A Text with Integrated Readings

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  • Edition: 9th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-12-26
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Introducing Philosophy: A Text with Integrated Readings, Ninth Edition, is an exciting and accessible introduction to core philosophical problems and the many ways in which they are, and have been, answered. Insisting both that philosophy is very much alive today and that it is also deeply rooted in the past, acclaimed teacher and author Robert C. Solomon combines substantial selections from significant works in the history of philosophy with excerpts from current philosophy, clarifying the readings and providing context with his own detailed commentary and explanation. Spanning 2,500 years, the selections range from the oldest known fragments to cutting-edge essays in feminism, multiculturalism, and cognitive science. They include work by a multitude of prominent thinkers, from Plato, Confucius, René Descartes, and Immanuel Kant to Emma Goldman, Sigmund Freud, Albert Einstein, and Malcolm X. Organized topically, the chapters present alternative perspectives--including analytic, continental, feminist, and non-Western viewpoints--alongside the historical works of major philosophers; this juxtaposition encourages students to carefully evaluate the theories themselves. Topics covered include the nature of reality, the existence and nature of God, the possibility of human knowledge, the mystery of the self, the problem of consciousness, the essence of freedom, ethics and morality, and the nature of truth. The ninth edition has been streamlined to make it more accessible to students. Featuring new selections by Phillip Bricker, Martin Heidegger, Friedrich Nietzsche, Judith Orr, Amartya Sen, Tara Smith, Galen Strawson, and Malcolm X, it also offers new translations of several of the Nietzsche excerpts. Introducing Philosophy, Ninth Edition, incorporates numerous pedagogical features including more than 300 review questions that appear throughout the text at the end of each chapter. Each chapter ends with a summary, a list of key terms, and a bibliography with suggestions for further reading. Key philosophical terms are carefully introduced in the text (and boldfaced at their first appearance) and also summarized in the glossary at the end of the book. Brief biographies of the philosophers discussed in the text are provided at the end of the book. A Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/solomon9e offers valuable resources for students and instructors. An Instructor's Manual --in both print and CD editions--is available to adopters.

Table of Contents

New to this edition
New translation
Each chapter ends with a Summary and Conclusion
Chapter Review Questions
Key Terms
Bibliography, and Further Reading
History of Philosophy
Introduction: Philosophy
Aristophanes, from The Clouds
Plato, from The Apology; from The Crito; from The Phaedo; from The Republic
What Is Philosophy?
Plato, from The Apology
Karl Jaspers, from "The 'Axial Period'"
Tao Te Ching
A Modern Approach to Philosophy
Rene Descartes, from Discourse on Method
Deductive Arguments
Inductive Arguments
Argument by Analogy
Necessary and Sufficient Conditions, "Logical Possibility," and Arguments by Counter-example
Reductio ad Absurdum
The Most Insidious Kinds of Fallacies
The World And Beyond
"The Way The World Really Is"
Aristotle, from Metaphysics
The First Greek Philosophers
The Ionian Naturalists
Monism, Materialism, and Immaterial "Stuff"
Democritus, Atoms, and Pluralism
The Appearance/Reality Distinction
Parmenides, from Fragments
The Sophists
Ultimate Reality in the East: India, Persia, and China
Reality as Spirit: The Upanishads
From Upanishads
Reality, Good, and Evil: Zarathustra
From Zend-Avesta
Confucius, from The Analects
Lao-zi, or the Poets of the Dao De Jing
Lao-zi, from Dao De Jing
Buddha, from "Fire-Sermon"
Two Kinds of Metaphysics: Plato and Aristotle
Plato, from The Symposium; from The Republic; from The Meno
Aristotle, from Metaphysics; from Physics; from Metaphysics
Modern Metaphysics
Rene Descartes
Rene Descartes, On Substance; from "Meditation VI"
Benedictus de Spinoza
Benedictus de Spinoza, from Ethics
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz, from Monadology
From "The Fundamental Question of Metaphysics"
On the Plurality of Worlds
What is Religion?
From "Gods"
On the Design of the Universe
From "What Is Religion?"
The Traditional Conception of God
Proving God: The Ontological Argument
On the Ontological Argument
Rene Descartes, on the Ontological Argument
Immanuel Kant, Against the Ontological Argument
On the Ontological Argument
God as Creator: Intelligence and Design
Aquinas, on the Cosmological Argument
On the "Fifth Way"
On an Imperfect Universe
From The Mind of God
On the "Fine-Tuning" Argument
Religion and "Practical Reason"
On God and Morality
From "The Will to Believe"
The Problem of Evil
From Confessions
Hinduism, Bud
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