An Introduction to Animal Behaviour

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  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-03-26
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Wolves excitedly greet each other as members of the pack come together; a bumble bee uses its long tongue to reach the nectar at the base of a foxglove flower; a mongoose swiftly and deftly bites its prey to death; young cheetahs rest quietly together, very close to sleep. Now in full colour, this revised and updated edition of Manning and Dawkins' classic text provides a beautifully written introduction to the fundamentals of animal behaviour. Tinbergen's four questions of causation, evolution, development and function form the fundamental framework of the text, illustrated with fascinating examples of complex behavioural mechanisms. The authors provide accounts of all levels of behaviour from the nerve cell to that of the population. The strengths of An Introduction to Animal Behaviour as a textbook include its clear explanations and concise, readable text and the enthusiasm of the authors for their subject.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. 1
Questions about animal behaviourp. 5
The escaping cockroachp. 7
The courtship of the sage grousep. 11
Units of the nervous systemp. 16
Reflexes and more complex behaviourp. 20
Diversity and unity in the study of behaviourp. 30
Summaryp. 31
The development of behaviourp. 33
Young animals grow upp. 34
Instinct and learning in their biological settingp. 40
The characteristics of instinct and learningp. 45
Genetics and behaviourp. 49
Development and changes to the nervous systemp. 57
Hormones and early developmentp. 62
Early experience and the diversity of parental behaviourp. 68
Playp. 78
imprintingp. 84
Bird song developmentp. 94
Conclusionsp. 06
Summaryp. 106
Stimuli and communicationp. 109
What stimuli are and how they actp. 111
Diverse sensory capacitiesp. 114
The problem of pattern recognitionp. 126
Sign stimuli (key features)p. 128
'Supernormal' stimulip. 130
Neuroethological basis of sign stimulip. 135
Other solutions for pattern recognition: generalized feature detectionp. 139
Communicationp. 144
What is communication?p. 145
Animal signals as effective stimulip. 150
Honesty and deception in animal signallingp. 159
The honeybee dancep. 164
The calls of vervet monkeysp. 173
Summaryp. 177
Decision-making and motivationp. 179
Decision-making on different time scalesp. 182
Decision-making and 'motivationp. '193
Measuring motivationp. 193
Is motivation specific or general?p. 199
Goals as decision pointsp. 202
Homeostasis and negative feedbackp. 205
Competition between motivationsp. 209
InMbition/msinhibitionp. 211
Decision-making with incomplete information: the role of signalsp. 213
Conflict and'abnormal'behaviourp. 217
The physiology of decision-makingp. 220
Hormones and sequences of behaviourp. 227
Conflict and physiological stressp. 232
Decision-making, motivation and animal welfarep. 233
Conclusionsp. 236
Summaryp. 237
Learning and memoryp. 239
Learning as part of adaptationp. 239
Sensitization and habituationp. 242
Associative learningp. 246
Specialized types of learning abilityp. 257
What do animals actually learn?p. 262
Are there higher forms of learning in animals?p. 264
The comparative study of learningp. 268
Social learning and culturep. 272
The nature of animal mindsp. 276
The nature of memoryp. 294
Summaryp. 298
Evolutionp. 301
The adaptiveness of behaviourp. 302
Genes and behavioural evolutionp. 310
Kin selection and inclusive fitnessp. 316
Evolutionarily stable strategiesp. 328
Sex1 and sexual selectionp. 336
Species isolation and species selectionp. 345
Tinbergen's fourth question: the phylogeny of behaviourp. 348
Summaryp. 353
Social organizationp. 355
The individual in the crowdp. 355
Advantages of groupingp. 358
Diverse social groupsp. 364
Eusociality: division into castesp. 364
Territory in the social organization of vertebratesp. 369
Mating systems and social organizationp. 373
Dominance in social systemsp. 378
Diverse mammalian social behaviourp. 381
Primate social organizationp. 388
Summaryp. 403
Referencesp. 405
Figure creditsp. 435
Indexp. 442
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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