Introduction To Christianity

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-01-29
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing

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Gain a better understanding of Christianity--its history, driving ideas, and numerous diversities--with the help of this best-selling Christianity text by the leading, respected authors Weaver and Brakke. This long-awaited INTRODUCTION TO CHRISTIANITY, Fourth Edition, offers a solid, practical foundation of the essentials of Christianity, interlaced with dynamic discussion and glimpses into some of the latest Christian movements worldwide. Fresh, thematic Sidebars, a popular hallmark of this book, weave current issues such as today?s spirituality into history, while the book?s balanced coverage brings to life the historical, cultural, theological, and social aspects of Christianity?s development. You focus on the significant movements, key individuals, and powerful controversies that have united as well as divided Christians throughout the decades and centuries. New and updated thematic Sidebars, a popular hallmark of this book, weave currency into the history with a focus on spirituality, people, concepts, and controversies, including a new set of Sidebars that focus on the human experience of the divine. The text engages students to discuss and reflect upon the challenges that Christians have faced throughout time. INTRODUCTION TO CHRISTIANITY, Fourth Edition, promises a thought-provoking introduction and insights you won?t want to miss.

Table of Contents

Introduction for the Teacherp. xiv
Note to Studentsp. xix
Biblical and Historical Background for Christianityp. 1
God as Revealed in the Biblep. 3
Revelation and Religious Experiencep. 3
The Biblep. 5
Spirituality Immanence and Transcendence: The Paradox of Godp. 7
God as Creatorp. 8
God as Providentp. 10
Controversy Creating the Creator: Inspiration at Workp. 11
The Story of Abrahamp. 12
The Story of Mosesp. 13
The People of the Covenantp. 14
Concept Contracts with God: Covenant Theologyp. 15
People King Davidp. 16
The People in Exilep. 17
Conclusionp. 18
Focal Points for Discussionp. 18
The Context for and Life of Jesusp. 19
Jewish Interpretation of the Exilep. 19
Hellenization and the Jewsp. 20
Jewish Hopes for a Kingdom of Godp. 22
Concept Living on the Edge of Time: Apocalypticismp. 23
The Jews Dividedp. 24
The Sadduceesp. 24
The Phariseesp. 24
People The Prophets and Messiahs of the First Centuryp. 25
The Essenesp. 25
The Zealotsp. 26
Ordinary Jewsp. 26
Summary of the Contextp. 26
The Life of Jesusp. 27
The Account of Jesus in the New Testamentp. 28
The Gospelsp. 28
Controversy What Books are Authentic? The Formation of the New Testamentp. 29
The Epistlesp. 30
The Book of Revelationp. 31
Jesus and Jewish Expectationp. 31
Spirituality Experiencing God: From Moses to Philop. 33
Conclusionp. 34
Focal Points for Discussionp. 35
The Emergence of the Christian Churchp. 36
The Experience of the Apostlesp. 36
Internal Conflicts in the Early Churchp. 38
Universality of the Gospelp. 38
Authority and Doctrinep. 40
People Women in the Early Churchp. 41
Law and Freedom in the Spiritp. 42
External Conflicts of the Early Communityp. 43
The Jewish Context and Religious Identityp. 43
Controversy Salvation Through Knowledge: Gnosticismp. 45
The Greek Context and Philosophical Identityp. 45
Concept The Divinity of Jesusp. 46
The Roman Context and Political Identityp. 47
Spirituality Experience of the Holy Spirit: Inspiration and Renewalp. 49
Conclusionp. 50
Focal Points for Discussionp. 51
Historical Roots of Christian Diversity: From Constantine to Modern Timesp. 53
Orthodox Christianity and Roman Catholicism: From the Fourth to the Fourteenth Centuriesp. 55
Points of Correspondencep. 56
Tradition as a Religious Authorityp. 56
Models of Sanctityp. 57
Concept Monasticism and the Resistance to Culturep. 58
The Power of Rome as an Idea: Two Christian Modelsp. 60
Constantinople as the New Rome: The Greek Orthodox Systemp. 61
The West as Roman Catholic: The Rise of the Papacyp. 63
The East-West Schism and Contemporary Relationsp. 65
Controversy How Can Christ be Both Divine and Human?p. 67
Liturgy and Doctrine in the Two Churchesp. 67
Icons and Divinization: The Orthodox Perspectivep. 68
Survival and Salvation: The Roman Perspectivep. 69
Spirituality Contemplating the Hidden Godp. 70
Medieval Christianity in the Westp. 71
People Thomas Aquinasp. 73
Conclusionp. 77
Focal Points for Discussionp. 78
Aspects of the Reformationp. 79
The Historical Situationp. 80
Spirituality Imitation of Christp. 82
Religious Reform Before Lutherp. 82
Reforms of Wycliffe and Husp. 83
Conciliarismp. 84
Humanism and the Renaissancep. 85
People Erasmus: Faithful Humanistp. 87
The Protestant Reformationp. 88
The Lutheran Reformationp. 88
The Reformed Traditionp. 91
Concept Making Saints Out of Sinners: Justificationp. 93
The Tudor Reformationp. 95
The Radical Reformationp. 96
The Catholic Reformationp. 98
Controversy Soldiers of the Catholic Reformation: The Jesuitsp. 99
Conclusionp. 100
Focal Points for Discussionp. 100
The Reformation Continues: Christianity in the Sixteenth, Seventeenth, and Eighteenth Centuriesp. 101
Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Christianity: Increasing Diversityp. 102
Roman Catholicismp. 102
Lutheranismp. 102
Radical Reformationp. 103
The Reformed Tradition in the Context of the Puritan Reformationp. 103
Summary of Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Christianityp. 106
The Eighteenth Century: Resettlement and Reformationp. 106
The Scientific Revolutionp. 106
The Enlightenment and the Beginnings of Deismp. 107
Controversy Science and Religion: The Trial of Galileop. 108
Pietism and the Emergence of New Christian Churchesp. 109
Spirituality Searching for Sanctificationp. 110
The American Contextp. 111
People The Genius of the Great Awakening: Jonathan Edwardsp. 112
The Great Awakeningp. 113
Concept Deism and the American Revolutionp. 114
Deism in Americap. 115
Growing Denominationalismp. 115
Conclusionp. 117
Focal Points for Discussionp. 118
Christianity in the Modern World: Context and Creativity in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuriesp. 119
Christianity and Modernityp. 123
Secularization: The New Philosophy and Politicsp. 124
Controversy Creationism: Christianity and Sciencep. 126
Challenges to Secularizationp. 127
Spirituality God in a Scientific Agep. 128
Roman Catholicism and Modernityp. 129
People Unorthodox Humanitarian: Albert Schweitzerp. 130
Protestantism and Modernityp. 131
Pietism and American Evangelicalismp. 132
The Oxford Movementp. 133
The Biblical Movementp. 134
Christianity and Social Concernp. 135
Concept The Modern Economy: Christians and the Rights of Workersp. 136
Conclusionp. 138
Focal Points for Discussionp. 138
Modern American Christianityp. 139
The Nineteenth Century: American Religious Diversityp. 139
American Evangelicalismp. 140
Liberal Protestantismp. 141
Communitarian Groupsp. 141
Concept Political Christianity: The Double Legacy of Reinhold Niebuhrp. 142
Millennialist Groupsp. 143
People Ellen Gould White: Prophet and Sabbatarianp. 145
New American Religionsp. 146
Americanization and the Churchesp. 148
Growth and Division Within Christian Churchesp. 150
Spirituality Religion at Home and at Work: Jesus the Friend and Businessmanp. 151
Summary of Nineteenth-Century Christianityp. 154
The Twentieth Century Previewedp. 154
Fundamentalism Versus Liberalism: The Battle of the Centuryp. 155
Controversy Politicized Preaching: The Stirring Vision of Aimee Semple Mcphersonp. 156
Conclusionp. 159
Focal Points for Discussionp. 159
Worldwide Christianity: Missions, Ecumenism, and Globalizationp. 161
Understanding the Missionary Impulsep. 161
A Jesuit in Chinap. 163
The New Worldp. 164
Protestant Missionaries in the Nineteenth Centuryp. 165
Modern Missionaries and Liberation Theologyp. 167
Concept Mission in Reversep. 168
People Modern Missionaries in Danger: Four Women in el Salvadorp. 170
Globalization and the Rise of World Christianityp. 171
The Ecumenical Movementp. 172
The Rise of Christianity in the Southern Hemispherep. 174
Spirituality Our Lady of Guadalupep. 176
Transnational Connections and New Conflictsp. 177
Controversy Word of Faith: Holy Spirit or Holy Fraud?p. 178
Conclusionp. 180
Focal Points for Discussionp. 180
Contemporary Christian Lifep. 183
Christians and the Worldp. 185
Withdrawn Communitiesp. 186
Physical Withdrawal: Monastic Communitiesp. 187
Cultural Withdrawal: The Amishp. 187
Concept An Alternative to Vengeance: The Amish School Shootingp. 188
Psychological Withdrawal: Millennialist Christiansp. 189
Spirituality The Fear and Reassurance of Judgmentp. 190
Summary of Withdrawn Communitiesp. 190
Dominating Posturesp. 192
Political Dominationp. 192
People Jim Wallis: Left-Wing Evangelical Politicsp. 194
Financial Dominationp. 195
Summary of Dominating Posturesp. 197
Controversy Gender Divisions and Promise Keepersp. 198
Questions Raised by the Postures of Withdrawal and Dominationp. 199
In What Sense Is Christianity Political?p. 199
What Is the Church?p. 200
What Is the Christian Vision of Jesus?p. 200
Conclusionp. 201
Focal Points for Discussionp. 201
Christians and Their Culturep. 202
The Posture of Adaptationp. 203
Concept A Matter of Inclusion: Cesar Chavez and Mexican American Catholicismp. 204
The Posture of Nonconformityp. 205
Relationship of the Two Postures to Vital Issuesp. 205
Controversy Iconoclastic Antiwar Protestsp. 206
Problems of War and Peacep. 206
Problems of Poverty and Lifestylep. 208
Problems of Racismp. 210
People Martin Luther King Jr.: Nonconformity and Social Changep. 212
Questions Raised by the Postures of Nonconformity and Adaptationp. 214
In What Sense Is Christianity Political?p. 214
What Is the Church?p. 215
Spirituality Redefining the Boundaries of Faithp. 216
How Should the Bible Be Interpreted?p. 216
Conclusionp. 217
Focal Points for Discussionp. 218
Contemporary Christianityp. 219
Liberal and Conservative Christianityp. 220
Liberal Christianityp. 220
Spirituality Prayer: Something Understoodp. 223
Conservative Christianityp. 223
Contemporary Issuesp. 225
Controversy Jesus in the Culture Warsp. 226
The Women's Movement and Questions of Ministryp. 227
Concept God-Talk: Language About Godp. 228
Media Technology and the Nature of the Churchp. 229
Homosexuality and the Authority of Scripturep. 232
People Eboo Patel: Deliberate Engagement with Differencep. 235
Conclusionp. 235
Focal Points for Discussionp. 236
The Order of the Books in the Old Testamentp. 237
Synopsis of the Books of the Old and New Testamentsp. 239
Early Christian Writersp. 245
Ecumenical Councilsp. 249
Creeds and Confessionsp. 253
A Summary of Structural Arrangementsp. 256
Ecumenism and the World Council of Churchesp. 260
Glossaryp. 262
Indexp. 276
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