Introduction to Cultural Ecology

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-07-30
  • Publisher: Altamira Pr

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Introduction to Cultural Ecology provides a thorough discussion of the history and theoretical basis behind cultural ecology, starting with the basic principles of cultural anthropology, environmental studies, and human biological adaptations to the environment. It features nine case studies from around the world and highlights and defines key terms for the introductory-level student.

Author Biography

Mark Q. Sutton is professor emeritus of anthropology at California State University, Bakersfield, and is principal investigator at Statistical Research, Inc., a cultural resource management and heritage preservation firm. E. N. Anderson is professor emeritus of anthropology at the University of California, Riverside.

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tablesp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xvii
Introductionp. 1
What Is Cultural Ecology?p. 3
Anthropologyp. 5
The Study of Human Ecologyp. 8
A History of Thought on Culture and Environmentp. 13
The Rise of Cultural Ecologyp. 21
Thus...p. 31
Chapter Summaryp. 32
Key Termsp. 32
Fundamentals of Ecologyp. 35
The Environmentp. 35
Niche and Habitatp. 46
Resourcesp. 47
Energyp. 50
Chapter Summaryp. 55
Key Termsp. 56
Human Biological Ecologyp. 59
Humans as Animalsp. 59
Biological Adaptationsp. 60
Human Population Regulationp. 63
Nutritionp. 68
Evolutionary Ecologyp. 73
Chapter Summaryp. 89
Key Termsp. 89
Cultural Ecologyp. 91
Human Capabilitiesp. 91
Culture as an Adaptive Mechanismp. 97
Traditional Knowledge Systemsp. 102
Human Control of the Environmentp. 116
Decision Makingp. 125
A Concluding Thought on Managementp. 131
Chapter Summaryp. 131
Key Termsp. 132
Hunting and Gatheringp. 133
Hunter-Gatherer Classificationp. 135
The Hunter-Gatherer Stereotypep. 138
Bias in Hunter-Gatherer Studiesp. 140
Populationp. 142
Settlement and Subsistencep. 143
Environmental Manipulation and Resource Managementp. 152
Relations with other Groupsp. 153
Chapter Summaryp. 154
Key Termsp. 155
Case Study 5.1: The Nuu-chah-nulth of British Columbiap. 155
Case Study 5.2: The Mbuti of the Ituri Forestp. 165
The Origins of Food Productionp. 177
Agricultural Domesticationp. 180
The Transition to Farmingp. 181
On the Origin of Agriculturep. 183
Types of Agriculturep. 188
The Impact of Agriculturep. 189
Chapter Summaryp. 194
Key Termsp. 194
Horticulturep. 195
Horticultral Techniquesp. 195
Use of Wild Resourcesp. 206
Environmental Manipulation and Resource Managementp. 207
Relations with Other Groupsp. 207
Chapter Summaryp. 208
Key Termsp. 208
Case Study 7.1: The Grand Valley Dani of Highland New Guineap. 209
Case Study 7.2: The Lozi of Western Zambiap. 215
Pastoralismp. 225
General Sociopolitical Organizationp. 226
Types of Pastoralismp. 227
The Geography of Pastoralismp. 228
The Origin of Pastoralismp. 230
Some Parameters of Pastoralismp. 230
Use of Nonpastoral Productsp. 236
Environmental Manipulation and Resource Managementp. 237
Relations with Other Groupsp. 238
A Note on the Impact of Grazingp. 238
Chapter Summaryp. 240
Key Termsp. 241
Case Study 8.1: The Maasai: Pastoralists in East Africap. 241
Case Study 8.2: The Navajo: Pastoralists of the American Southwestp. 248
Case Study 8.3: Cattle Ranchers in the American West, by Kimberly Hedrickp. 256
Intensive Agriculturep. 267
Changes in Scalep. 268
Techniques of Intensive Agriculturep. 273
Contemporary Industrialized Agriculturep. 275
Environmental Manipulation and Resource Managementp. 277
Relations with Other Groupsp. 277
Chapter Summaryp. 277
Key Termsp. 278
Case Study 9.1: Mountains and Water: The Traditional Agricultural System along South Coastal Chinap. 278
Case Study 9.2: The Maya Agricultural Systemp. 294
Current Issues and Problemsp. 305
The Tragedy of the Commonsp. 307
Agricultural Involutionp. 308
Agricultural Development and Intensificationp. 309
The Rainforest Dilemmap. 312
The General Problemp. 318
Chapter Summaryp. 320
Key Termsp. 321
Glossaryp. 323
Referencesp. 331
Indexp. 391
About the Authorsp. 399
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