9780195107258

Introduction to Engineering

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780195107258

  • ISBN10:

    019510725X

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1995-06-08
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

A survey of the typical curricula for engineering students, this comprehensive text provides a broad yet depth coverage of Engineering. Concise and structured, the text offers instructors the flexibility to choose and emphasize certain topics within the course. Each author is an expert in a different branch of engineering-electrical engineering, civil engineering, and mechanical engineering.

Table of Contents

Preface v
PART I THE PROFESSION
Introduction
1(28)
The Engineering Disciplines
2(13)
Types of Engineering Work
15(4)
The Technical Group
19(2)
Becoming an Engineer
21(2)
Engineering Ethics
23(1)
Professional Societies
24(5)
PART II FOUNDATIONS
Handheld Calculators
29(18)
Types of Calculators
30(4)
Calculator Logic
34(13)
Numbers
47(12)
Significant Figures
48(1)
Scientific Notation
49(1)
Precision and Accuracy
49(1)
Recording Data from Instruments
50(1)
Systematic and Random Errors
51(1)
Rounding of Numbers
52(1)
Arithmetic Operations and Significant Figures
53(6)
Dimensions and Units
59(22)
Dimensions and Units
60(2)
Dimensionally Homogeneous Equations
62(2)
Systems of Units
64(5)
The SI System of Units
69(5)
Conversion of Units
74(7)
Equation Solution Techniques
81(24)
Identifying Equation Types
82(1)
Linear Equations
82(3)
Nonlinear Algebraic Equations
85(4)
Graphical Solutions of Nonlinear Equations
89(1)
Method of Bisection
90(2)
Method of Successive Substitution
92(13)
Matrix Algebra
105(28)
Systems of Equations
108(5)
Matrix Determinants
113(2)
Matrix Solutions Using Cramer's Rule
115(2)
Addition and Subtraction of Matrices
117(2)
Gauss-Jordan Elimination
119(14)
PART III TOOLS FOR ANALYSIS
Graphs
133(34)
Circle Charts
134(2)
Bar Graphs
136(2)
Line Graphs
138(8)
Equation of a Straight Line
146(1)
Semilog Graph Paper
147(2)
Straight Lines on Semilog Graph Paper
149(5)
Log-Log Graph Paper
154(1)
Straight Lines on Log-Log Graph Paper
154(13)
Statistics
167(28)
Frequency Distribution
168(2)
Cumulative Frequency Distributions
170(2)
Measures of Central Tendency
172(3)
Standard Deviation
175(2)
The Normal Distribution
177(4)
Coefficient of Correlation
181(3)
Least Squares Regression
184(11)
Computers
195(36)
Number Systems
197(3)
Binary Representations of Information
200(6)
Conversion of Integer Decimal Numbers to Binary and Hexadecimal
206(2)
Addition of Binary Numbers
208(1)
Logic Gates
209(4)
Microcomputers
213(2)
Microprocessing Unit (MPU)
215(3)
Computer Programming
218(1)
High-Level Languages
219(12)
Computers as an Engineering Tool
231(24)
Electronic Communications
233(2)
Word Processing
235(2)
Spreadsheet Programs---What If?
237(4)
Data Base Management Systems
241(2)
Computer-Aided Design (CAD)
243(5)
Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM)
248(7)
PART IV FUNDAMENTALS OF ENGINEERING
Chemistry
255(20)
Atomic Number, Mass Number, and Atomic Weight
256(2)
Empirical and Molecular Formulas
258(2)
Balancing Equations
260(2)
Solution Stoichiometry
262(3)
Ideal Gases
265(1)
Nuclear Chemistry
266(9)
Electrical Engineering
275(32)
Definitions
276(1)
Ohm's Law
276(4)
Resistors in Series
280(3)
Resistors in Parallel
283(3)
Computation of Current and Voltage in Series-Parallel Resistive Circuits
286(4)
Power Dissipation in Resistors
290(1)
Power Supplied by Batteries and Dissipated in Resistors
291(4)
Kirchhoff's Voltage Law
295(12)
Statics
307(40)
Forces as Vectors
308(6)
Resultant of Concurrent, Coplanar Forces
314(3)
Moments Caused by Forces
317(4)
Free-Body Diagrams
321(2)
Equations of Equilibrium in a Plane
323(4)
Trusses
327(20)
Dynamics
347(32)
Constant Velocity Rectilinear Motion
348(3)
Constant Acceleration Rectilinear Motion
351(3)
Application of Newton's Second Law
354(3)
Work and Energy
357(3)
Kinetic and Potential Energy
360(3)
The Principle of Work and Energy
363(4)
Power
367(12)
Mechanics of Materials
379(26)
Stress
380(1)
Normal Stress
381(2)
Shear Stress
383(2)
Strain
385(2)
Material Properties and Hooke's Law
387(3)
Design for Strength
390(15)
Thermodynamics
405(22)
Energy
406(1)
Units of Energy, Work, and Power
407(1)
Specific Heat
407(2)
Heating Values of Fuels
409(1)
Conversion of Energy and Work
409(3)
The First Law of Thermodynamics
412(5)
The Second Law of Thermodynamics and Efficiency
417(10)
Fluid Mechanics
427(24)
Pressure
428(3)
Manometers
431(2)
Forces on Submerged Surfaces
433(4)
Bouyancy
437(2)
Equation of Continuity
439(3)
Manning's Equation
442(9)
Engineering Economy
451(22)
Equivalence
452(1)
Single-Payment Equivalence Calculations
453(2)
Uniform Series Calculations
455(2)
Nonconventional Cash Flows
457(3)
Comparison of Alternatives
460(13)
PART V THE ENGINEERING PROCESS
Engineering Design
473(14)
The Engineering Design Process
474(4)
Defining the Problem
478(1)
Planning the Pursuit of the Solution
479(1)
Analyzing, Modeling, and Synthesizing
480(2)
Evaluation
482(1)
Implementation
483(4)
Communications
487(26)
Purposes of Engineering
488(2)
Types of Engineering Communications
490(1)
The Technical Report
491(9)
Oral Presentations
500(5)
Preparation of Visual Aids
505(8)
Appendix A ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS 513(26)
A.1 Mathematical Symbols
514(1)
A.2 Exponents
515(4)
A.3 Logarithms
519(5)
A.4 Exponential and Logarithmic Functions
524(3)
A.5 Numerical Integration
527(4)
A.6 Integrated Mean
531(8)
Appendix B SELECTED REVIEW OF TRIGONOMETRY 539(32)
B.1 Number Line and Solution of Inequalities
540(1)
B.2 Rectangular (Cartesian) Coordinate System
541(1)
B.3 Computation of Distance
542(1)
B.4 Measurement of Angles
543(3)
B.5 Trigonometric Functions and Triangles
546(1)
B.6 Inverse Trigonometric Functions
547(1)
B.7 Graphs of Trigonometric Functions
548(1)
B.8 Solution of Right Triangles
549(2)
B.9 Solution of General Triangles
551(5)
B.10 Linear Interpolation
556(3)
B.11 Complex Numbers
559(12)
Appendix C CONVERSION FACTORS 571(6)
Appendix D ATOMIC WEIGHTS OF ELEMENTS 577(4)
Appendix E ANSWERS TO SELECTED PROBLEMS 581(10)
Index 591

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