9780673993373

Introduction to Hydrology

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780673993373

  • ISBN10:

    067399337X

  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2002-10-09
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Supplemental Materials

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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.
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Summary

This book systematically covers underlying principles of hydrology in chapters 1 - 10 and then delves deeper into the application of these principles to practical problems in the field throughout the remainder of the prose.Covers all aspects of the hydrologic cycle, and the manner in which they may be modified to deal with floods, droughts, potable water supply and urban drainage.For anyone who expect to become involved in programs that are concerned with the development, management and protection of water resources.

Table of Contents

Introduction
Hydrology Defined
The Hydrologic Cycle
The Hydrologic Budget
Hydrologic Models
Applications
Hydrologic Measurements and Data Sources
Units Of Measurement
Hydrologic Data
Hydrologic Measurements
Data Networks and Telemetry
Urban Runoff Monitoring
Groundwater Monitoring
National Water Data Exchange
Statistical Methods In Hydrology
Random Variables and Statistics
Probability Distributions
Distribution Statistics
Probability Applications: Frequency and Return Period
Types of Probability Distribution Functions
Continuous Probability Distribution Functions
Frequency Analysis
Flow Duration Analysis
Linear Regression and Correlation
Precipitation
Water Vapor
Precipitation
Distribution of Precipitation
Point Precipitation
Areal Precipitation
Probable Maximum Precipitation
Gross and Net Precipitation
Precipitation Frequency Analysis
Snow Accumulation
Interception and Depression Storage
Interception
Throughfall
Depression Storage
Evaporation and Transpiration
Evaporation
Estimating Evaporation
Evaporation Control
Transpiration
Transpiration Control
Evapotranspiration
Estimating Evapotranspiration
Infiltration
Measuring Infiltration
Calculation of Infiltration
Horton's Infiltration Model
Green-Ampt Model
Huggins-Monke Model
Holtan Model
Recovery of Infiltration Capacity
Temporal and Spatial Variability of Infiltration Capacity
SCS Runoff Curve Number Procedure
PHI Index
Surface Water Hydrology
Streamflow
Runoff
Floods and Droughts
Snowmelt Hydrology
Hydrographs
Hydrograph Components
Hydrograph Time Relationships
Unit Hydrographs
Synthetic Unit Hydrographs
Hydrograph Routing
Groundwater Hydrology
Introduction
Groundwater Flow
Flow to Wells
Saltwater Intrusion
Groundwater Basin Development
Regional Groundwater Models
Joint Surface-Water-Groundwater Systems
Urban Hydrology
Approaches to Urban Hydrology
Effects of Urbanization on Runoff
Peak Flow Methods for Urban Areas
Urban Hydrograph Methods and Models
Vendor-Developed Urban Stormwater Software
Hydrologic Simulation and Streamflow Synthesis
Hydrologic Simulation Overview
Single-Event Rainfall-Runoff Models
Continuous Simulation Models
Groundwater Flow Simulation Models
Streamflow Synthesis
Hydrology in Design
Hydraulic Structure Design Methods
Hydrologic Design Data
Hydrologic Design Standards and Criteria
Synthesizing Design Storms
Urban Storm Drainage Design
Airport Drainage Design
Detention Storage Design
Appendices
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

Excerpts

Given the burgeoning interest in environmental issues, it is believed that course offerings in hydrology will expand nationwide and that the need for contemporary elementary textbooks on the subject will increase. This fifth edition ofIntroduction to Hydrologyhas been redesigned to play an important role in meeting that need.Water scientists and engineers of tomorrow must be equipped to deal with a diversity of issues such as the design and operation of data retrieval and storage systems; forecasting; developing alternative water use futures; estimating water requirements for natural systems; exploring the impacts of climate change; developing more efficient systems for applying water in all water-using sectors; and analyzing and designing water management systems incorporating technical, economic, environmental, social, legal, and political elements. A knowledge of hydrologic principles is a requisite for dealing with such issues.In the early years of the twentieth century, water resources development and management were focused almost exclusively on water supply and flood control. Today, these issues are still important, but environmental protection, ensuring safe drinking water, and providing aesthetic and recreational experiences compete equally for attention and funds. Furthermore, an environmentally conscious public is pressing for greater reliance on improved management practices, with fewer structural components, to solve the nation's water problems. The notion of continually striving to provide more beater has been replaced by one of husbanding this precious natural resource.There is a growing constituency for allocating water for the benefit of fish and wildlife, for protection of marshes and estuary areas, and for other natural system uses. But estimating the quantities of water needed for environmental protection and for maintaining and/or restoring natural systems is difficult. Scientific data are sparse, and our understanding of the complex interactions inherent in ecosystems of all scales is rudimentary. And this is a critical issue, since the quantities of water involved in environmental protection can be substantial, and competition for these waters from traditional water users is keen. The nations of the world. are facing major decisions regarding natural systems, decisions that are laden with significant economic and social impacts. Thus there is an urgency associated with developing a better understanding of ecologic systems and of their hydrologic components.The fifth edition has been rewritten to acquaint future water scientists and managers with the basic elements of the hydrologic cycle. It reviews data sources, introduces statistical analyses in the context of hydrologic problem-solving, covers the components of the hydrologic budget, discusses hydrograph analysis and routing, and introduces groundwater hydrology, urban hydrology, hydrologic models, and hydrologic design. The book is designed to meet the needs of students who expect to become involved in programs that are concerned with the development, management, and protection of water resources. Many solved examples and problems serve to amplify the concepts presented in the text. Many appropriate Internet addresses are provided.Numerous sources have been drawn upon to provide subject matter for the book, and the authors hope that suitable acknowledgment has been given to them. The authors also thank the following reviewers: Istvan Bogardi, Meteoroligia, Hungary; Praveen Kumar, University of Illinois; David B. Thompson, University of Texas; and Jose D. Salas, Colorado State University. Colleagues and students are also recognized for their helpful comments and reviews. WARREN VIESSMAN, JR. GARY L. LEWIS

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