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An Introduction to the Profession of Social Work: Becoming a Change Agent,9780495127093
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An Introduction to the Profession of Social Work: Becoming a Change Agent

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780495127093

ISBN10:
0495127094
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
6/5/2006
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $109.00
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Summary

Unit One: FOUNDATIONS OF SOCIAL WORK. 1. What Is Social Work? 2. The Social Welfare System. 3. Modes of Intervention. Unit Two: SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE WITH DIVERSE POPULATIONS. 4. Social Justice and Civil Rights. 5. Working with Diverse Populations. 6. Children and Their Families. 7. People Who Are Older Unit Three: SOCIAL WORK FIELDS OF PRACTICE. 8. Health Care Services. 9. Mental Health Services. 10. School Social Work. 11. Criminal Justice. 12. The Workplace. Unit Four: CRITICAL ISSUES IN SOCIAL WORK. 13. Poverty and Economic Disparity. 14. Substance Abuse. 15. Technology and Social Work. Appendixes. A. NASW Code of Ethics. B. Web Resources. Glossary. Index.

Table of Contents

Preface xvii
UNIT ONE Foundations of Social Work
1(96)
What is Social Work?
2(34)
Social Work as a Profession
3(7)
The History of the Social Work Profession
4(3)
Who Are Social Workers?
7(2)
Social Work Education
9(1)
Central Concepts and Theories
10(5)
Person in Environment
10(1)
Theoretical Basis for Social Work Practice
11(4)
The Power of Language
15(2)
Values and Ethics
17(6)
Social Work Careers
23(4)
Child Welfare
23(1)
People Who Are Older
23(1)
Health Care/Medical Social Work
24(1)
Mental Health
24(1)
School Social Work
24(1)
Criminal Justice
25(1)
Employment/Occupational Social Work
25(1)
Public Welfare
25(1)
Substance Abuse and Addictions
25(1)
Community Organization
26(1)
Policy Practice
26(1)
Management Administration
26(1)
Is Social Work for You?
27(3)
Personal Characteristics Suited to Social Work Practice
27(2)
Choosing Social Work as a Career
29(1)
Conclusion
30(1)
Key Terms
30(1)
Questions for Discussion
30(1)
How to Become a Change Agent
31(1)
Exercises
31(3)
References
34(2)
The Social Welfare System
36(28)
How the Social Welfare System Helps People
38(1)
The History of American Social Welfare
39(11)
Colonial Period
40(1)
Pre-Civil War Period
41(1)
The Civil War and Post-Civil War Period
42(1)
The Progressive Era
43(1)
The Great Depression and the New Deal
44(2)
World War II and the Postwar Economy
46(1)
The Social Reform Years
47(1)
The Retrenchment Years
48(2)
Social Welfare in the New Millennium
50(1)
The History of the Social Work Profession
50(3)
Major Social Welfare Programs
53(4)
Cash Assistance Programs
55(1)
In-Kind Benefit Programs
56(1)
Values and Social Welfare
57(3)
Should We Change the Person or the System?
57(1)
Are Recipients Worthy or Unworthy?
57(1)
Religious Values or Separation of Church and State
58(1)
Impartial Professional or Advocate
59(1)
Helping People We Know or Helping Strangers
59(1)
Crisis or Ongoing Need
59(1)
Conclusion
60(1)
Key Terms
60(1)
Questions for Discussion
60(1)
How to Become a Change Agent
61(1)
Exercises
61(2)
References
63(1)
Modes of Intervention
64(33)
Social Work with Individuals and Families
66(13)
Information and Referral
67(2)
Network Linkages
69(1)
Direct Services
70(1)
Therapeutic Interventions
71(7)
Ethical Challenges in Working with Individuals and Families
78(1)
Social Work with Groups
79(5)
Socialization Groups
80(1)
Educational Groups
80(1)
Therapeutic Groups
81(1)
Task-Centered Groups
82(1)
Ethical Challenges in Working with Groups
83(1)
Community Practice
84(7)
Roles
85(2)
Models of Community Practice
87(3)
Ethical Challenges in Working with Communities
90(1)
Conclusion
91(1)
Key Terms
91(1)
Questions for Discussion
91(1)
How to Become a Change Agent
92(1)
Exercises
92(2)
References
94(3)
UNIT TWO Social Work Practice with Diverse Populations
97(114)
Social Justice and Civil Rights
99(24)
What is Social Justice?
100(1)
Social Work's Mandate for Social Justice
101(1)
Barriers to Social Justice
102(5)
Explanations of Social Injustice
107(4)
Biological Determinism
107(2)
The Socialization Process
109(1)
Psychological Perspectives
110(1)
Sociological Perspectives
110(1)
Models of Intergroup Relations
111(1)
Overcoming Social Injustice
112(4)
Civil Rights
112(1)
Protection from Discrimination
113(1)
Affirmative Action
114(2)
Social Work Roles in Fighting Social Injustice
116(1)
Conclusion
117(1)
Key Terms
118(1)
Questions for Discussion
118(1)
How to Become a Change Agent
119(1)
Exercises
119(2)
References
121(2)
Working with Diverse Populations
123(27)
Social Construction of Differences
124(1)
Diversity in the United States
125(2)
Historical Background
127(1)
Exploration and Colonization
127(1)
Forced Relocation and Enslavement
128(1)
Expansion into Mexico
128(1)
Immigration
129(1)
Refugee Status
129(1)
Implications for Social Work Practice
130(1)
Cultural Competency
131(4)
Multiculturalism
131(3)
Ecological Framework
134(1)
Empowerment Practice
135(1)
Achieving Cultural Competency
135(4)
Awareness of Self
135(1)
Understanding Cultural Differences
136(1)
Stages of Cultural Understanding
137(2)
Emerging Issues
139(4)
Civil Rights for LGBT People
139(1)
Multiethnic or Transracial Adoptions
140(1)
Redress or Reparations for Past Social Injustices
140(1)
Underfunded Schools
141(1)
Environmental Justice
141(1)
Access to Health Care
141(1)
Bilingual Education
142(1)
New Research on Human Diversity and Genetic Makeup
142(1)
Conclusion
143(1)
Key Terms
143(1)
Questions for Discussion
143(1)
How to Become a Change Agent
143(1)
Exercises
144(4)
References
148(2)
Children and Their Families
150(29)
Theories of Child Development
151(5)
Ecological Approach
152(1)
Human Development
153(2)
Other Theories
155(1)
Why Theory Matters
155(1)
The Child Welfare System
156(3)
Historical Background
156(1)
Child Welfare
157(2)
The Roles of Social Workers
159(8)
Cash Management
159(1)
Direct Practice
159(3)
Advocacy and Policy Building
162(1)
Intervention Process
162(5)
Values and Ethics
167(2)
Respect for the Dignity and Uniqueness of the Individual
168(1)
Respect for Self-Determination
168(1)
Respect for Confidentiality
169(1)
Critical Issues Facing Children and Families
169(3)
Child Maltreatment
169(1)
Foster Care
170(1)
Alcohol and Drug Abuse
170(1)
Decisions about Sexual Behavior
171(1)
Delinquency
171(1)
Divorce
172(1)
Poverty
172(1)
Conclusion
172(1)
Key Terms
173(1)
Questions for Discussion
173(1)
How to Become a Change Agent
173(1)
Exercises
174(3)
References
177(2)
People Who are Older
179(32)
Human Development within the Social Context
180(3)
Biological and Physiological Aspects of Aging
181(1)
Cognitive Process and Emotional and Psychological Development
182(1)
Sociological Aspects of Aging
182(1)
Legal, Economic, and Political Aspects
182(1)
Social Work Practice with People Who are Older
183(6)
Historical Background
183(2)
Current Context
185(2)
Diversity
187(1)
Critical Public Policies
188(1)
The Roles of Social Workers
189(4)
Current Practice Interventions
190(2)
Older People at Risk
192(1)
Values and Ethical Issues
193(3)
Critical Issues and Emerging Concerns
196(7)
Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit
196(1)
Elder Abuse and Neglect
197(2)
Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia
199(3)
Mental Health and Depression
202(1)
Children as Caregivers for Aging Parents
202(1)
Conclusion
203(1)
Key Terms
204(1)
Questions for Discussion
204(1)
How to Become a Change Agent
205(1)
Exercises
205(2)
References
207(4)
UNIT THREE Social Work Fields of Practice
211(166)
Health Care Services
213(31)
Health Care in America
214(3)
Defining Health
214(2)
The Effect of Social Inequality
216(1)
The U.S. Health Care System
217(6)
Historical Background
218(1)
The Current Health Care System
219(1)
Limitations of the Current Health Care System
220(3)
The Roles of Social Workers
223(7)
Acute Care
224(3)
Ambulatory Care
227(1)
Long-Term Care
228(1)
Developmental Disabilities
229(1)
Public Health Policies
230(2)
Social Work Values and Ethics in Health Care Coverage
232(2)
Critical Issues
234(3)
Disability
234(1)
HIV/AIDS
235(2)
Conclusion
237(1)
Key Terms
237(1)
Questions for Discussion
237(1)
How to Become a Change Agent
238(1)
Exercises
238(3)
References
241(3)
Mental Health Services
244(32)
Mental Health and Mental Illness
245(4)
Biological and Psychological Factors
246(3)
Social Factors
249(1)
The Mental Health Care System
249(7)
Historical Background
250(1)
The Current System
251(3)
Multidisciplinary Aspects of Mental Health Care
254(2)
Social Work Practice in Mental Health Settings
256(9)
Social Work Roles
257(1)
Treatment
257(1)
Culturally Responsive Practice
258(4)
Strengths Perspective
262(1)
Obstacles to Treatment
262(3)
Policy Issues
265(1)
Values and Ethics
266(1)
Conclusion
267(1)
Key Terms
268(1)
Questions for Discussion
268(1)
How to Become a Change Agent
268(1)
Exercises
269(2)
References
271(5)
School Social Work
276(34)
The History of School Social Work
277(2)
School Social Work Roles and Skills
279(10)
Responsibilities of School Social Workers
279(2)
Working with Students at Risk
281(4)
Knowledge and Skills
285(4)
Critical Public Policies
289(3)
Students with Disabilities
289(2)
Poor and Homeless Students
291(1)
Diversity
292(2)
Multicultural Education
293(1)
Bilingual Education
293(1)
Social Work Values and Ethics
294(2)
Challenges Facing School Social Workers
296(4)
Violence Prevention
296(1)
Prevention of Teenage Pregnancy or Disease
297(1)
Tobacco, Alcohol, and Illicit Drug Prevention
298(1)
Dropout Prevention
299(1)
Conclusion
300(2)
Key Terms
302(1)
Questions for Discussion
302(1)
How to Become a Change Agent
302(1)
Exercises
303(4)
References
307(3)
Criminal Justice
310(38)
Crime and Criminal Behavior
310(7)
The Extent and Variety of Crime in the United States
311(1)
Theories of Criminal Behavior Relevant to Social Work
312(5)
The Criminal Justice System
317(3)
Racial Imbalance
317(1)
Women
318(1)
Inmates with Disabilities
319(1)
Inmates with Chronic Health Problems
320(1)
Social Work Roles and Skills
320(10)
Historical Background
320(3)
Practice Settings
323(4)
Probation, Parole, and Community Corrections
327(2)
Victim Assistance Services
329(1)
Policy Issues
330(8)
Juvenile Offenders
331(1)
Domestic Violence
332(1)
Crime and Mental Illness
333(2)
Overcriminalization and Overcrowding
335(1)
Death Penalty
336(2)
Ethics and Values
338(1)
Conclusion
339(1)
Key Terms
339(1)
Questions for Discussion
339(1)
How to Become a Change Agent
340(1)
Exercises
340(4)
References
344(4)
The Workplace
348(29)
The World of Work
349(3)
Work Today
349(2)
Human Development and Work
351(1)
Occupational Social Work
352(7)
Historical Background
353(1)
Occupational Social Work Structures
354(5)
Common Workplace Challenges
359(7)
Substance Abuse
359(1)
Mental Health Issues
360(1)
Discrimination
361(5)
Work-Related Public Policies
366(1)
The Family and Medical Leave Act
366(1)
Quality Child Care
366(1)
Living Wages
367(1)
Unemployment Insurance
367(1)
Values and Ethics
367(1)
Critical Issues
368(3)
Workplace Violence
369(1)
Contingent Workers
369(2)
Conclusion
371(1)
Key Terms
371(1)
Questions for Discussion
371(1)
How to Become a Change Agent
372(1)
Exercises
372(2)
References
374(3)
UNIT FOUR Critical Issues in Social Work
377(113)
Poverty and Economic Disparity
378(26)
Defining Poverty
379(3)
Official Definition of Poverty
380(1)
Who Is Poor in America?
381(1)
Causes of Poverty
382(5)
Values and Blaming the Victim
382(1)
Employment and Income Levels
383(4)
Race
387(1)
Costs of Poverty
387(3)
Homelessness and Housing
387(2)
Personal Costs
389(1)
Roles of Social Workers in Dealing with Poverty
390(6)
Social Welfare Programs
390(4)
Psychosocial Interventions
394(1)
Advocacy
395(1)
Conclusion
396(1)
Key Terms
396(1)
Questions for Discussion
396(1)
How to Become a Change Agent
397(1)
Exercises
397(3)
References
400(4)
Substance Abuse
404(37)
Substance Abuse and Human Development
406(10)
Types of Drugs
407(6)
Dependence and Addiction
413(1)
Causes of Dependence and Addiction
413(3)
Substance Abuse Treatment and Prevention
416(4)
Historical Background
416(1)
Current Context
417(1)
The Role of the Social Worker
418(2)
Diversity Issues and Populations at Risk
420(7)
Women
422(1)
African Americans
423(1)
Latino Populations
424(1)
Indigenous People
425(1)
The Gay and Lesbian Community
426(1)
Social Work Values and Ethics
427(3)
Should Drug Use During Pregnancy Be Prosecuted?
427(2)
Are Needle Exchange Programs Ethical?
429(1)
Should Some Drugs Be Legalized?
429(1)
Emerging Issues and Future Concerns
430(3)
AOD Problems in the Workplace
430(1)
Drugs and HIV/AIDS
431(1)
Criminalization or Treatment
432(1)
Conclusion
433(1)
Key Terms
434(1)
Questions for Discussion
434(1)
How to Become a Change Agent
435(1)
Exercises
435(2)
References
437(4)
Technological Systems and Social Work
441(49)
Using Technology with Individuals and Groups
443(4)
Services for Individuals
443(2)
Technology and Groups
445(2)
Using Technology with Communities
447(4)
Geographic Information Systems
447(1)
Education and Skills Development
448(1)
Outreach and Publicity
448(1)
Legislative Advocacy
449(1)
Collection and Use of Data
449(2)
Using Technology in Administration and Research
451(2)
Administration
451(1)
Research
452(1)
Technology and Social Work Education
453(1)
Conclusion
454(1)
Key Terms
454(1)
Questions for Discussion
455(1)
How to Become a Change Agent
455(1)
Exercises
455(2)
References
457(4)
Appendixes
A. NASW Code of Ethics
461(23)
B. Web Resources
484(6)
Glossary 490(8)
Index 498


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