Islamic Gardens and Landscapes

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2008-01-16
  • Publisher: Univ of Pennsylvania Pr
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"In the course of my research," writes D. Fairchild Ruggles, "I devoured Arabic agricultural manuals from the tenth through the fourteenth centuries. I love gardening, and in these texts I was able to enter the minds of agriculturalists and botanists of a thousand years ago who likewise believed it was important and interesting to record all the known ways of propagating olive trees, the various uses of rosemary, and how best to fertilize a garden bed." Western admirers have long seen the Islamic garden as an earthly reflection of the paradise said to await the faithful. However, such simplification, Ruggles contends, denies the sophistication and diversity of the art form. Islamic Gardens and Landscapes immerses the reader in the world of the architects of the great gardens of the Islamic world, from medieval Morocco to contemporary India. Just as Islamic culture is historically dense, sophisticated, and complex, so too is the history of its built landscapes. Islamic gardens began from the practical need to organize the surrounding space of human civilization, tame nature, enhance the earth's yield, and create a legible map on which to distribute natural resources. Ruggles follows the evolution of these early farming efforts to their aristocratic apex in famous formal gardens of the Alhambra in Spain and the Taj Mahal in Agra. Whether in a humble city home or a royal courtyard, the garden will have several defining characteristics, which Ruggles enumerates. Most notable is an enclosed space divided into four equal parts surrounding a central design element. The traditional Islamic garden will be inwardly focused, usually surrounded by buildings or in the form of a courtyard. Water provides a counterpoint to the portioned green sections. Ranging across poetry, court documents, agronomy manuals, and early garden representations, and richly illustrated with pictures and site plans, Islamic Gardens and Landscapes is a book of impressive scope sure to interest scholars and enthusiasts alike.

Author Biography

D. Fairchild Ruggles is Professor of Landscape History at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Table of Contents

The Islamic landscape : place and memoryp. 3
Making the desert bloom : transforming an inhospitable Earthp. 13
The science of gardening : agricultural and botanical manualsp. 29
Organizing the Earth : cross-axial gardens and the Chahar Baghp. 39
Trees and plants : botanical evidence from texts and archaeologyp. 51
Representations of gardens and landscape : imagery in manuscript paintings, textiles, and other mediap. 63
Imaginary gardens : gardens in fantasy and literaturep. 75
The garden as paradise : the historical beginnings of paradisiac iconographyp. 89
The here and hereafter : mausolea and tomb gardensp. 103
A garden in landscape : the Taj Mahal and its precursorsp. 117
Religion and culture : the adoption of Islamic garden culture by non-Muslimsp. 131
List of gardens and sitesp. 147
Glossaryp. 225
Notesp. 227
Bibliographyp. 241
Indexp. 255
Acknowledgmentsp. 261
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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