Islamophobia The Challenge of Pluralism in the 21st Century

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-03-30
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Islamophobia has been on the rise since September 11, as seen in countless cases of discrimination, racism, hate speeches, physical attacks, and anti-Muslim campaigns. The 2006 Danish cartoon crisis and the controversy surrounding Pope Benedict XVI's Regensburg speech have underscored the urgency of such issues as image-making, multiculturalism, freedom of expression, respect for religious symbols, and interfaith relations. The 1997 Runnymede Report defines Islamophobia as "dread, hatred, and hostility towards Islam and Muslims perpetuated by a series of closed views that imply and attribute negative and derogatory stereotypes and beliefs to Muslims." Violating the basic principles of human rights civil liberties, and religious freedom, Islamophobic acts take many different forms. In some cases, mosques, Islamic centers, and Muslim properties are attacked and desecrated. In the workplace, schools, and housing, it takes the form of suspicion, staring, hazing, mockery, rejection, stigmatizing and outright discrimination. In public places, it occurs as indirect discrimination, hate speech, and denial of access to goods and services. This collection of essays takes a multidisciplinary approach to Islamophobia, bringing together the expertise and experience of Muslim, American, and European scholars. Analysis is combined with policy recommendations. Contributors discuss and evaluate good practices already in place and offer new methods for dealing with discrimination, hatred, and racism.

Author Biography

John L. Esposito is University Professor of Religion and International Affairs at Georgetown University and Founding Director of the Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding. He is editor-in-chief of The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World and The Oxford History of Islam. His more than 45 books include The Future of Islam; Who Speaks for Islam? What a Billion Muslims Really Think; The Future of Islam; and the forthcoming What Everyone Needs to Know about Islam, Second Edition. Ibrahim Kalin is a Senior Fellow of the Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding at Georgetown University and author of Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mulla Sadra on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. v
Contributorsp. xiii
Introductionp. xxi
The Context of Islamophobia
Islamophobia and the Limits of Multiculturalismp. 3
Islamophobia in the West: A Comparison between Europe and the United Statesp. 21
Case Studies
An Obsession Renewed: Islamophobia in the Netherlands, Austria, and Germanyp. 47
Islamophobia in the United Kingdom: Historical and Contemporary Political and Media Discourses in the Framing of a 21st-Century Anti-Muslim Racismp. 63
Islamophobia and Anti-Americanism: Measurements, Dynamics, and Consequencesp. 77
Muslims, Islam(s), Race, and American Islamophobiap. 93
Islamophobia and the War on Terror: Youth, Citizenship, and Dissentp. 109
Islamophobia and American Foreign Policy Rhetoric: The Bush Years and Afterp. 127
Islamophobic Discourse Masquerading as Art and Literature: Combating Myth through Progressive Educationp. 143
Orientalist Themes in Contemporary British Islamophobiap. 173
From Muhammad to Obama: Caricatures, Cartoons, and Stereotypes of Muslimsp. 191
Bibliographyp. 211
Indexp. 225
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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