Islam's Predicament with Modernity: Religious Reform and Cultural Change

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2009-04-20
  • Publisher: Routledge
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Islam's Predicament with Modernitypresents an in-depth cultural and political analysis of the issue of political Islam as a potential source of tensions and conflict, and how this might be peacefully resolved. Looking at the issue of modernity from an Islamic point of view, the author examines the role of culture and religion in Muslim society under conditions of globalisation, and analyses issues such as law, knowledge and human rights. He engages a number of significant studies on political Islam and draws on detailed case studies, rejecting the approaches of both Orientalists and apologists and calling instead for a genuine Islamic pluralism that accepts the equality of others. Situating modernity as a Western product at the crux of his argument, he argues that a separation of religion and politics is required, which presents a challenge to the Islamic worldview. This critical analysis of value conflicts, tensions and change in the Islamic world will be of interest to scholars and advanced students of international relations, social theory, political science, religion, Islamic studies and Middle Eastern studies.

Author Biography

Bassam Tibi is Professor of International Relations at the University of Goumlet;ttingen and A.D. White Professor-at-Large at Cornell University. He is the author of eight monographs in English.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. vii
Prefacep. x
Introduction: cultural tensions, modernity, globalization, and conflictp. 1
The predicament: the exposure to cultural modernity, and the need for an accommodation. Religious reform and cultural change in Islamic civilizationp. 35
Issue areas of the predicament I: modernity and knowledge. Torn between reason and Islamizationp. 65
Issue areas of the predicament II: cultural modernity and law. The contemporary reinvention of shari'a for the shari'atization of Islamp. 95
Issue areas of the predicament III: Islam, the principle of subjectivity, and individual human rightsp. 130
Islam's predicament as a source of conflict. Cultural-religious tensions and identity politicsp. 147
Cultural change and religious reform I: the challenge of secularization in the shadow of de-secularizationp. 178
Cultural change and religious reform II: pluralism of religions vs. Islamic supremacismp. 209
Authenticity and cultural legacy: a plea for the revival of the heritage of Islamic rationalism: falsafa/rational philosophy vs. fiqh-orthodoxyp. 237
Case studies I: the failed cultural transformation in Egypt. A model for the Islamic world?p. 265
Case studies II: the Gulf beyond the age of oil. The envisioned cultural project for the futurep. 290
Conclusions and future prospects: cultural modernity and the Islamic dream of semi-modernityp. 303
Notesp. 320
Bibliographyp. 370
Indexp. 390
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