Japan as the Occupier and the Occupied

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2015-06-03
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
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The moment of Japan's defeat in 1945 artificially dissects its history. Not long after the Meiji Restoration, Japan acquired Ezo (present-day Hokkaido) and the Ryukyu Islands (present-day Okinawa). Later in the Meiji Period it annexed Taiwan, southern Sakhalin, and the Korean peninsula. Before the Asia-Pacific War ended in 1945, Japan controlled territories in China, Manchuria, Southeast Asia and the Pacific but with its acceptance of the Potsdam Declaration in August 1945, Japan lost most of these acquisitions. Examining issues and experiences as part of either a prewar/wartime or postwar context impedes our ability to understand the influence that one period had on the other. How do occupiers maintain their position of power and influence over the people of the state it occupies? How did Japan's leadership and people manage the transition from that of occupier of other territories to that of being occupied by foreign powers? How did this transition affect different aspects of society, from the civilian to the military, the political to the bureaucratic? How did Japanese occupation affect those it had power over, from dissenters to collaborators? What long term impacts did military occupation have on the occupied in terms of memory, commemoration and repatriation?

Japan as the Occupier and the Occupied investigates these types of questions by examining transwar transitions in Japan proper and the various territories that it controlled, including Korea, Borneo, Singapore, Manchuria and China. Through taking this approach, a more nuanced understanding of Japan's role as occupier and occupied emerges. More generally, the book contributes to scholarship on the power dynamics of military occupation and the complexities that emerge during, and in the aftermath of, imperial and military expansion, control, and retreat.

Author Biography

Christine de Matos is Lecturer in History at the University of Notre Dame, Australia. She is the author of Imposing Peace and Prosperity: Australia, social justice and labour reform in occupied Japan (2008) and has co-edited, with Robin Gerster, Occupying the 'Other' (2009) and, with Rowena Ward, Gender, Power, and Military Occupations (2012).

Mark E. Caprio is Professor of Korean History in the College of Intercultural Communication at Rikkyo University, Japan. He is the author of Japanese Assimilation Policies in Colonial Korea, 1910-1945 (2009). He is currently working on a manuscript tentatively titled 'The Dregs of Colonial Japan in Liberated Southern Korea, 1942-1948'.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
1. Before and After Defeat: Crossing the great 1945 divide; Mark E. Caprio and Christine de Matos
2. Cash and Blood: The Chinese community and the Japanese occupation of Borneo, 1941-1945; OOI Keat Gin
3. State, Sterilization and Reproductive Rights: Japan as the occupier and the occupied; Maho Toyoda
4. Labor under Military Occupation: Allied POWs and the Allied Occupation of Japan; Christine de Matos
5. More Bitter than Sweet: Reflecting on the Japanese community in British North Borneo, 1885-1946; Shigeru Sato
6. Colonial-era Korean Collaboration over Two Occupations: Delayed closure; Mark E. Caprio
7. Film and the Representation of Ideas in Korea During and After Japanese Occupation, 1940-1948; Brian Yecies
8. Patriotic Collaboration?: Zhou Fohai and the Wang Jingwei government during the Second Sino-Japanese War; Brian G. Martin
9. Trapped in the Contested Borderland: Sakhalin Koreans, wartime displacement and identity; Igor R. Saveliev
10. Collapsing the Past into the Present: The occupation of Japan seen in the pages of the journal New Women; Curtis Anderson Gayle
11. Dividing Islanders: The repatriation of 'Ryukyuans' from occupied Japan; Matthew R. Augustine
12. Memories of the Japanese Occupation: Singapore's first official Second World War memorial and the politics of commemoration; John Kwok
13. A Textual Reading of My Manchuria: Idealism, conflict and modernity; Mo Tian

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