John Baker's Late 17th-Century Glasshouse at Vauxhall

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2006-06-27
  • Publisher: David Brown Book Co
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John Baker's Thameside glasshouse in Vauxhall is the first of London's 17th-century glasshouses to be excavated. This publication describes the finds from the site, demonstrates how Vauxhall competed with London's other glasshouses and discusses London's late 17th-century glass industry. The glasshouse opened sometime between 1663 and 1681, and had closed by 1704. Excavations in 1989 found a furnace, crucibles, tools, working waste and finished vessels. Vauxhall was operating when lead crystal was first being made in England but it produced vessels for a proven market: wine bottles, green-glass vessels and fine wares. The remains of a well-preserved 17th-century bargehouse were also recorded at the site.

Table of Contents

List of figuresp. ix
List of tablesp. xi
Summaryp. xii
Acknowledgementsp. xiii
Location and circumstances of fieldworkp. 1
Organisation of the reportp. 1
Textual and graphical conventions in this reportp. 1
Geology and topographyp. 4
Historical summaryp. 4
Backgroundp. 4
The bargehouse (constructed between 1643 and 1649)p. 5
Industry at Vauxhallp. 7
The glasshouse (constructed 1663-81, discused by 1704, demolished by 1706)p. 8
London's late 17th- and early 18th-century glass industryp. 10
In the glasshousep. 14
Raw materialsp. 14
Glass preparationp. 15
Cruciblesp. 15
Vessel formation and finishing processesp. 15
The archaeological sequence
Introductionp. 19
Pre-glasshouse activity on the site, before c 1650 (period 1)p. 20
Introductionp. 20
A ditch and ?well in trench Cp. 20
The glasshouse and broadly contemporary activity on the site, c 1650-c 1700 (period 2)p. 20
Introductionp. 20
Dumps (OA2, OA3) and ditches, pits, postholes and other cutsp. 21
The river wall (S1)p. 25
The bargehouse (B1)p. 26
A brick building (B2) and other brick-built structures (S2-S5)p. 27
A fritting oven (S6)p. 30
A glass furnace (S7)p. 32
A compartmentalised store (S8)p. 36
A second brick building (B3) and other brick-built structures (B4, S9-S12)p. 37
After the glasshouse: 18th-century activity on the site (period 3)p. 39
Introductionp. 39
Dumps, brick-built foundations and surfaces, a ditch and a pit (OA4-OA10)p. 39
The glass from Vauxhall: analysis of the excavated material
Evidence for the manufacturing processp. 41
Raw materialsp. 41
Frittingp. 42
Cruciblesp. 42
Evidence for glass vessel formation and finishingp. 47
Working waste (soda-based glass, and high-lime and low-alkali glass)p. 48
The glass manufactured at Vauxhallp. 51
Wine bottles (high-lime low-alkali glass)p. 55
Other green-glass vessels (high-lime low-alkali glass)p. 56
Pink-tinted fine wares (soda-based glass)p. 56
Clear-glass fine wares (soda-based glass)p. 58
The Vauxhall glasshouse: conclusions
Introductionp. 60
The Vauxhall glasshouse: its place in the marketp. 60
Innovation and technologyp. 62
The end of the Vauxhall glasshousep. 63
Vauxhall: a step towards a research agenda for London's glass industryp. 63
Specialist appendices
The crucible fabricsp. 64
Petrologyp. 64
Chemical compositionp. 67
A summary of vessel glass not manufactured at the sitep. 67
Vessel glass cataloguep. 68
Vessel glass not manufactured at the sitep. 68
Glass manufactured or possibly manufactured at the sitep. 70
The ICPS analysis of the glassp. 74
Introductionp. 74
Soda-based glassesp. 74
High-lime low-alkali glassesp. 77
Lead glassesp. 78
Summaryp. 78
French and German summariesp. 79
Bibliographyp. 81
Indexp. 84
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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