The Journey of Adulthood

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1995-07-01
  • Publisher: PRENTICE HALL
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This best-selling book discusses the aspects of ¿successful aging,¿ covering growth and development from young adulthood to old age, and the impact that culture, gender, and individual differences have on these processes. Its conversational and positive tone keeps readers interested in the subject matter, as it encourages them to apply the concepts of the book to their own lives. It presents research findings, theories, and models from the fields of developmental psychology, social psychology, health psychology, sociology, and others to discuss topics of prevention, compensation, gains, and losses. For psychologists, sociologists, and gerontologists interested in a valuable resource for information about the aging process.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
Defining the Journey: Some Assumptions, Definitions, and Methodsp. 1
Explaining Development in Adulthoodp. 5
Explaining Stability in Adulthoodp. 11
Asking the Questions: Research Designs and Methodsp. 15
Finding the Answers: Collecting and Analyzing Datap. 21
Theories of Adult Developmentp. 31
Conceptual Organization of Theoriesp. 32
Theories of Developmental Progress With Stagesp. 33
Developmental Progress Without Stages: Vaillant's Theory of Adaptation to Lifep. 40
Theories of Developmental Change With Stagesp. 41
Theories of Developmental Change Without Stagesp. 50
Additional Theoretical Complexitiesp. 53
Some Shared Flaws and Weaknesses in the Theoriesp. 54
Physical Changesp. 59
Theories of Primary Agingp. 60
Longevity, Life Expectancy, and Life Spanp. 64
Physical Changes over Adulthoodp. 66
The Effects of Physical Aging on Behaviorp. 83
Pulling the Threads Together: An Overview of Physical Changes in Adulthoodp. 88
Some Recurring Themes and Remaining Questionsp. 89
Health and Health Habitsp. 101
Age-Related Patterns in Health and Diseasep. 101
Age Changes in Specific Diseasesp. 107
Age Changes in Mental Healthp. 113
Individual Differences in Health and Diseasep. 118
A Review of Age-Related Health Changesp. 126
Changes in Cognitive Abilitiesp. 133
Intelligencep. 133
Memoryp. 140
Real-World Cognitionp. 146
Individual Differences in Cognitive Changep. 153
Review of Age Changes and Search for Balancep. 160
Social Rolesp. 165
Social Role Transitionsp. 166
Gender Roles and Gender Stereotypesp. 167
Social Roles in Early Adulthoodp. 169
Social Roles in Middle Adulthoodp. 180
Social Roles in Late Adulthoodp. 187
Social Roles in Atypical Familiesp. 189
The Effect of Variations in Timingp. 192
Development of Relationshipsp. 199
Development of Adult Relationships: Some Theoriesp. 200
Intimate Partnerships in Adulthoodp. 205
Relationships with Other Family Membersp. 222
Friendships in Adulthoodp. 228
Review of Social Relationships in Adulthoodp. 230
Work and Retirementp. 239
Importance of Work in Adulthoodp. 240
Selecting a Careerp. 245
Age Trends in Work Experiencep. 250
Work and Personal Lifep. 254
Retirementp. 262
Effects of Retirementp. 267
A Concluding Notep. 273
Personality Stability and Changep. 279
Personality Trait Structuresp. 280
Personality Developmentp. 290
Personality Stability or Changep. 302
The Growth of Meaningp. 310
Why a Chapter on the Growth of Meaning?
How Can We Study Possible Age Changes in Meaning Systems?p. 311
Religious Participation over Adulthoodp. 312
The Development of Meaning Systems over Adulthoodp. 313
Integrating Meaning and Personality: A Preliminary Theoretical Synthesisp. 323
The Process of Transitionp. 326
Commentary and Conclusionsp. 328
Stress and Resistancep. 334
A Few Theories of Stressp. 336
Effects of Stress on Adult Functioningp. 340
Individual Differences in Stress Experience and Responsep. 343
Resistance Resourcesp. 347
Specific Types of Stressful Events in Adulthoodp. 352
Themes of Adult Developmentp. 363
Young Adulthood: From 18 to 25p. 365
Early Adulthood: From 25 to 40p. 366
Middle Adulthood: From 40 to 65p. 368
Late Adulthood: From 65 to 75p. 372
Late-Late Adulthood: From 75 Until Deathp. 374
Death and Dyingp. 381
The Meanings of Deathp. 381
Fear and Anxiety About Deathp. 382
Preparation for Deathp. 384
The Process of Dyingp. 384
Where Death Occursp. 389
Physician-Assisted Suicidep. 392
After Death: Rituals and Grievingp. 393
Living and Dying: A Final Wordp. 397
The Successful Journey: Individual Differences in Adult Developmentp. 401
Variations in Successful Adult Developmentp. 402
A Model of Adult Growth and Development: Trajectories and Pathwaysp. 409
A Last Look at the Modelp. 415
Referencesp. 419
Glossaryp. 453
Creditsp. 469
Author Indexp. 472
Subject Indexp. 477
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