Justice in a Changing World

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-10-01
  • Publisher: WILEY JOHN & SONS INC
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This is an accessible analysis of justice in the contemporary world. It introduces the moral debates around issues such as immigration, national self-determination and cultural rights, as well as resource transfers between generations and from rich to poor countries, through the lenses of liberalism, communitarianism, libertarianism and feminism.

Author Biography

Cecile Fabre is Professor of Political Theory at the University of Edinburgh.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgementsp. viii
Setting the Stagep. 1
Introductionp. 1
Egalitarian liberalismp. 3
Rawls's theory of justicep. 3
Egalitarian liberalism after Rawls, I: luck egalitarianismp. 6
Egalitarian liberalism after Rawls, II: sufficientismp. 12
The communitarian critique of Rawls: individuals and communitiesp. 15
Thinking about justicep. 15
Individuals and communitiesp. 17
Justice and rightsp. 18
Rawls's response: political liberalismp. 19
The libertarian critique of Rawls: justice as entitlementsp. 21
Themes and issuesp. 26
Justice towards Future Generationsp. 28
Introductionp. 28
Egalitarian liberalism and future generationsp. 31
Rawls's just savings principlep. 31
Luck egalitarianismp. 35
Sufficiencyp. 36
The transgenerational community: a source of obligations to our successorsp. 39
Libertarianism and future generationsp. 41
Future generations and the non-identity objectionp. 45
Conclusionp. 50
Multiculturalismp. 51
Introductionp. 51
An egalitarian liberal position: Kymlicka's defence of minority rightsp. 52
Communitarianism and minoritiesp. 62
A libertarian position: Kukathas's liberal archipelagop. 65
Conclusionp. 72
National Self-Determinationp. 74
Introductionp. 74
Liberal nationalismp. 77
Self-determination claimsp. 77
Territorial claimsp. 82
Communitarianism and national self-determinationp. 84
Self-determination claimsp. 84
Territorial claimsp. 87
Libertarianism and national self-determinationp. 88
Self-determination claimsp. 88
Territorial claimsp. 90
Conclusionp. 94
Global Distributive Justicep. 95
Introductionp. 95
Egalitarian liberalism and global distributive justicep. 97
Luck egalitarianism, sufficientism, and the irrelevance of bordersp. 97
Egalitarian liberalism and the moral relevance of borders, I: Rawls's Law of Peoplesp. 103
Egalitarian liberalism and the moral relevance of borders, II: Nagel's political conception of justicep. 105
Communitarianism and global distributive justicep. 106
A libertarian position: Hillel Steiner on global distributive justicep. 110
Conclusionp. 112
Immigrationp. 113
Introductionp. 113
An egalitarian liberal case for relatively open bordersp. 116
A Rawlsian view on immigrationp. 116
Egalitarian liberal arguments for open bordersp. 119
Open borders and distributive justice: sufficiency and immigrationp. 121
A communitarian position: Walzer on immigrationp. 124
A libertarian position: Hillel Steiner on immigrationp. 127
Who should take in immigrants?p. 130
Conclusionp. 132
Reparative Justicep. 133
Introductionp. 133
Egalitarian liberalism and reparative justicep. 137
Luck egalitarianism, sufficientism, and reparationsp. 137
Refining the positionp. 140
Communitarianism and reparative justice: a mixed viewp. 150
The communitarian transgenerational community: in defence of reparationsp. 150
Judging the past: a very limited defence of reparationsp. 152
Libertarianism and reparative justicep. 155
Conclusionp. 161
Conclusionp. 162
Referencesp. 164
Indexp. 171
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