Juvenile Delinquency : A Sociological Approach

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1989-01-01
  • Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
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Table of Contents

Concept Integration: Questions and Topics for Study and Discussion, and References
Conformity, Deviance, and Juvenile Delinquency
Introduction: The Sociological Perspective and Focus on Juvenile Delinquency
Juvenile Delinquency: The Act, Actor, and Audience
What Is Juvenile Delinquency?
A Synthesized Definition of Delinquency
A Sociological Overview: Society, Norms, Conformity and Deviant Behavior
The Sociological Perspective
The Social Nature of Humans
Sources of Norms
Folkways and Mores
Normative Behavior: Conformity
Deviant Behavior: Nonconformity
Negative Aspects of Deviance
Positive Aspects of Deviance
Juvenile Delinquency
The Dimensions of the Delinquency Problem
Juvenile Delinquency Data
Official Sources of Delinquency Information
The Composite Delinquent Profile: Typical or Stereotypical?
Unofficial Sources of Delinquency Information
The Magnitude and Trends of Juvenile Delinquency: A Demographic Analysis
Addendum: A Balanced Perspective of American Youth
Causes of Juvenile Delinquency
Introduction: Theory and the Etiology of Juvenile Delinquency
Biological Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency
The Link between Biology and Behavior: Myths and Folklore
The Classical School of Criminological Thought
The Positive School of Criminology
Twentieth-Century Constitutional Typologies
The Continuing Search for the Biological Connection
Sociobiological Explanations
Psychogenic Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency
The Psychogenic Approach
The Discovery of the Unconscious
The Formation of Personality
Freudian Theory as an Explanation of Crime and Delinquency
Projective Tests
Delinquent Acts as Symptoms
Other Psychogenic Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency
A Psychological Typology of Delinquency
Criticisms and Limitations of the Psychogenic Approach
Sociological Explanations of Delinquency: Social Strain and Cultural Transmission Theories
Sociological Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency: Social Learning and Social Control Theories
Social Learning Theories
Social Control Theories
Sociological Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency: Labeling and Radical Theories
Labeling Theories
Radical Theories
An Overview of the Sociological Explanations
Juvenile Delinquency in a Social Context
Introduction: Collective Behavior and Social Groupings
The Family and Juvenile Delinquency
The Changing Role of the Family
Increasing Importance of the Nuclear Family and the Creation of Adolescence
The Family as an Agent of Socialization
Working Mothers and Juvenile Delinquency
Other Family Variables and Juvenile Delinquency
Broken Homes and Delinquency
The Family and Delinquency Prevention
Schools and Delinquency
The School as an Arena
Schools and the Socialization Process
Juvenile Delinquency and the School Experience
Schools as a Screening Device
Schools as Combat Zones
School as Bureaucracy
Schools and Delinquency Prevention
The Youth Subculture
Culture, Subcultures, and Countercultures
The Creation of a Youth Subculture
Role of the Youth Subculture
Distinctive Elements of the Youth Subculture
The Youth Subculture and Juvenile Delinquency
Youth Countercultures and Delinquency
The Youth Subculture and Delinquency Prevention
Juvenile Gangs and Delinquent Behavior
The Solitary Delinquent
Group Delinquency
The Play Group
The Juvenile Gang
Contemporary Youth Gangs in the United States
The Motives for Gang Membership
Gang Organization
Composition of Gang Membership
Gang Violence
Dyads and Triads
Explanatory Theories of Gang Formation and Behavior: A Summary and Synthesis
Social Control: The Juvenile Justice System
Introduction: Elements of Social Control
Juveniles and the Police
Juvenile Encounters with Police
Policing Juveniles
Police Discretion in Handling Juveniles
Police and Due Process
Police, Community Policing, and Delinquency Prevention
Juvenile Courts
Historical Background of the Juvenile Courts
The Child Savers'' Movement
The Juvenile Court
The Juvenile Court and Due Process
Juvenile Court Procedures
The Role of Attorneys in Juvenile Court
Criticisms of the Juvenile Court
The Multifaceted Juvenile Court
The Future of the Juvenile Court
Juvenile Corrections
Social Control and Deterrence Theory
Voluntary Social Control
Informal Social Control
Formal Social Control
Deinstitutionalization, Community Corrections, and Diversion
Evaluation of Deinstitutionalization, Community Corrections, and Diversion
Strategies For Dealing with Juvenile Delinquency
Introduction: Approaching Treatment and Prevention in a Social Context
Treatment and Prevention Strategies
Treatment Ideology and Delinquency Treatment Programs
Prevention Ideology and Delinquency Prevention Programs
Sociological Approaches to Delinquency Treatment and Prevention
Mobilizing the Community to Prevent Delinquency
Evaluation of Delinquency Treatment and Prevention Strategies
Rethinking the Delinquency Problem
The Social Nature of Juvenile Delinquency
Eliminating the Marginal Status of Juveniles
Standardization or Elimination of Juvenile Codes
Decriminalization of Status Offenses
Revision of the Juvenile Court
Modification of Juvenile Corrections
Strengthening the Family
Changing the Educational System
Redefining Juvenile Delinquency
Name Index
Subject Index
Instructor Supplements
Instructor''s Manual and Test Bank / 0-205-34282-5
Computerized Test Bank (Windows CD-ROM and disk; Mac disk)(Sales Support)
Student Supplements
ContentSelect for Criminal Justice (PIN Required) / 0-205-35423-8 (http://www.ablongman.com/contentselect)
ContentSelect Student PIN for Criminal Justice (Valuepack item only) / 0-205-35283-9
Course Codes
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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