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  • Edition: 00
  • Format: Trade Paper
  • Copyright: 2012-09-17
  • Publisher: W W NORTON

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As the stock market crash of 1929 plunged the world into turmoil, two men emerged with competing claims on how to restore balance to economies gone awry. John Maynard Keynes, the mercurial Cambridge economist, believed that government had a duty to spend when others would not. He met his opposite in a little-known Austrian economics professor, Freidrich Hayek, who considered attempts to intervene both pointless and potentially dangerous. The battle lines thus drawn, Keynesian economics would dominate for decades and coincide with an era of unprecedented prosperity, but conservative economists and political leaders would eventually embrace and execute Hayek's contrary vision. From their first face-to-face encounter to the heated arguments between their ardent disciples, Nicholas Wapshott here unearths the contemporary relevance of Keynes and Hayek, as present-day arguments over the virtues of the free market and government intervention rage with the same ferocity as they did in the 1930s.

Author Biography

John Maynard Keynes and Friedrich von Hayek peered at each other across a yawning gap that defined the most potent economic battle of our time: whether governments should intervene in markets. Both men's ideas would swing in and out of favor with politicians from Franklin Roosevelt to George W. Bush and would eventually influence the livelihood of millions. Keynes Hayek vividly examines the spirited debates between two giants of the twentieth century, whose disparate visions still shape the rise and fall of economies all over the world. Nicholas Wapshott is a journalist and the author of Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher: A Political Marriage. A former senior editor at the London Times and the New York Sun, he lives in New York City.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
The Glamorous Herop. 1
How Keynes Became Hayek's Idol, 1919-27
End of Empirep. 15
Hayek Experiences Hyperinflation Firsthand, 1919-24
The Battle Lines Are Drawnp. 29
Keynes Denies the "Natural" Order of Economics, 1923-29
Stanley and Livingstonep. 46
Keynes and Hayek Meet for the First Time, 1928-30
The Man Who Shot Liberty Valancep. 65
Hayek Arrives from Vienna, 1931
Pistols at Dawnp. 81
Return Firep. 95
Keynes and Hayek Lock Horns, 1931
The Italian Jobp. 110
Keynes Asks Piero Sraffa to Continue the Debate, 1932
Toward The General Theoryp. 123
The Cost-Free Cure for Unemployment, 1932-33
Hayek Blinksp. 138
The General Theory Invites a Response, 1932-36
Keynes Takes Americap. 154
Roosevelt and the Young New Deal Economists, 1936
Hopelessly Stuck in Chapter 6p. 171
Hayek Writes His Own "General Theory," 1936-41
The Road to Nowherep. 188
Hayek Links Keynes's Remedies to Tyranny, 1937-46
The Wilderness Yearsp. 207
Mont-Pèlerin and Hayek's Move to Chicago, 1944-69
The Age of Keynesp. 226
Three Decades of Unrivalled American Prosperity, 1946-80
Hayek's Counterrevolutionp. 247
Friedman, Goldwater, Thatcher, and Reagan, 1963-88
The Battle Resumedp. 266
Freshwater and Saltwater Economists, 1989-2008
And the Winner Is…p. 285
Avoiding the Great Recession, 2008 Onward
Acknowledgmentsp. 297
Notesp. 299
Selected Bibliographyp. 347
Indexp. 357
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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