Keys for Writers

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1999-01-01
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
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This concise composition handbook offers innovative design features that make it the most accessible tabbed handbook available: moveable KeyTabs that allow students to personalize the book, a menu-driven Key to the Book, and color-coded divider tabs to help students find information quickly. Complete coverage of grammar and the writing, research, and documentation processes are complemented by helpful multilingual/ESL material, Writing Across the Curriculum elements, and The 5Cs of Style. In recent years, technology has touched every aspect of writing and research and the Third Edition of Keys for Writers keeps pace with students' changing needs. This thorough revision now offers a full-color design; substantial new material on evaluating sources and the use of technology for research and writing; expanded coverage of writing online and document design; the most up-to-date MLA, APA, CMS, CBE, and CGOS guidelines; integrated ESL resources; and an expanded section on argument. New! A new Part 5, Technology: For Communication, Document Design, and Work, presents the latest information on writing for online readers, e-mail discussion lists, and chatrooms. Ample illustrations--including a sample student web site and an online scannable resume--and easy-to-understand explanations address web site and document design as well as work-related documents. New! The new full-color design highlights important information and clearly depicts web graphics, charts, and other visuals. New! Completely up-to-date documentation coverage features the latest MLA and APA styles, as updated on their respective web sites, the Columbia Guide to Online Style, many new student examples, and a new student paper. Two rows of color-coded divider tabs aid students in finding information quickly. Red tabs (Parts 1-5) cover whole paper issues: the writing process, research and documentation, online and business writing, and document design. Gold tabs (Parts 6-10) cover sentence-level issues such as usage, grammar, punctuation, and mechanics. Color-coded Key to the Book, an initial menu page, aligns the table of contents with the divider tabs to help students flip directly to the part they need. Its colors correspond to those of the divider tabs. Unique moveable KeyTabs serve as bookmarks, extended margins, or note cards, and enable students to customize the book for quick access to the information they decide they need most. Key Points boxes present concise summaries and checklists to highlight vital information and encourage the development of editing and critical-thinking skills. New! Updated and expanded information includes a new section on evaluating sources, a new source list for 24 disciplines, compiled in consultation with 19 college librarians, and a thoroughly revised section on the process of writing a research paper. New! The expanded Writing an Argument section includes a sample student argument paper on telemarketing. Students learn to formulate an argument, support it with evidence, and address opposing views. New! Content changes and additions include integrated ESL coverage throughout, and increased emphasis on style, critical thinking, and writing across the curriculum.

Table of Contents

The Writing Process
Getting Started and Finding a Focus
Organizing Ideas
Revising and Editing
Writing an Argument
Exams, Literature, Oral Reports, Service Writing, Lab Reports
Doing Research/Evaluating Sources
Research Basics
What is research?
Writing a research paper
Research papers in the disciplines
Searching for Sources
Merger of library/Web
Basic reference works
Research resources in 24 subject areas
Searching for sources in print
Searching for sources online
Search engines
Keyword searches
A sample search
Evaluating Sources
Read critically
Recognize a scholarly article
Evaluate works originating in print
Evaluate sources originating on the Internet
Recording and Acknowledging Sources
Keep track of sources
Avoid plagiarism
Summary, paraphrase, and quotation
Know what to cite
Engage and synthesize
Integrating Sources
Get mileage from sources
Introduce source material
What, when, how to quote
Fit a quotation in your sentence
Checklist: Using quotation
Boundaries of a citation
MLA Documentation
Citing Sources
List of Works Cited
Sample Paper
APA, CBE, Chicago, and CGOS Documentation
APA: Citing Sources
APA: List of References
APA Sample Paper
CBE Style
Chicago Style
Technology: For Communication, Document Design, and Work
Writing for online readers
E-mail style
Online addresses
Online Discussions
E-mail discussion lists
Usenet groups, Web forums, bulletin boards
Chat rooms, MOOs, MUDs
Distance learning
Web Site Design
The nature of hypertext
Web site design tools
Planning a web site
For Web site design: tips
Useful resources
Sample Web sites
Design Features
Word processing tools
Charts and graphs
Illustrations, graphics
Essay Formats
Page or screen
Guidelines: college essays
Title and identification
Portfolio presentation
Resumes, Letters
Business Letters
Style/Five C''s of Style
First C: Cut
Second C: Check for Action
Third C: Connect
Fourth C: Commit
Fifth C: Choose Your Words
Sentence Variety
Writers'' Voices
Style Tips
Common Sentence Problems
Top 10 Sentence Problems/Grammar Review
Top 10 problems
Parts of speech
Common sentence patterns
Sentence Fragments
Dependent clauses
Missing verb
Missing subject
Part of compound predicate
Intentional use
Run-ons and Comma Splices
Sentence Snarls
Fuzzy syntax
Misplaced modifiers
Dangling modifiers
Faulty predication
Definitions and reasons
Adverb clause as subject
Omitted words
Restated subjects
Faulty parallelism
Verb forms
Verbs commonly confused
Forms of be
Present tenses
Past tenses
-ed endings
Tense shifts
Indirect quotations
Conditional sentences
Passive Voice
When to use
How to form
Who''s doing what?
As connector
Subject-Verb Agreement
Basic principles
Intervening words
Linking verb, subject, and complement
Subject after verb
Tricky singular subjects
Collective nouns
Compound subjects
Indefinite pronouns and quantity words
Demonstrative pronouns and adjectives
Possessive pronouns
Clauses with what
Personal pronouns
Possessive forms
Clear reference
Agreement with antecedent
Gender bias
Consistent point of view
Appropriate use of you
Intensive and reflexive
Correct forms
Proper use
After linking verbs
Compound adjectives
Position of adverbs
Order of adjectives
Double negatives
Comparative and superlative forms
Faulty comparisons
Relative Clauses and Relative Pronouns
Appropriate use
Agreement of verb
Agreement after one of
Restrictive and nonrestrictive clauses
Wth quantity words
Clauses with prepositions
Tat as relative pronoun
Position of relative clause
Unnecessary pronoun
Were and when
Punctuation, Mechanics, Spelling
Commas: yes and no
With coordinating conjunction/idependent clauses
With introductory phrase or clause
With nonrestrictive elements
With transitions
With items in a series
With coordinate evaluative adjectives
With direct quotations
When not to use
Special uses
Apostrophes: yes/no
Tosignal possession
With plural nouns
In contractions
In plurals
It''s versus its
Quotation Marks
Punctuation introducing and ending a quotation
Double and single quotation marks
With titles of short works
When not to use
Between two independent clauses
With items in a list containing internal commas
When not to use
Other Punctuation Marks
Periods, question marks, exclamation points
Ellipsis dots
Titles of long works
Letters, numerals, words
Non-English words
When not to use
Proper nouns/adjectives
Titles before names
Major words in titles
After a colon or at beginning of a quotation
Titles with people''s names
Familiar names
Terms used with numbers
Common Latin terms
When not to abbreviate
Plurals of abbreviations
When to spell out
When to use numerals
Plurals of numerals
With prefixes
In compound nouns and compound adjectives
In spelled-out numbers
At end of a line
Online Guidelines
Punctuation in URLs
Underlining/italics online
Capital letters online
Hyphens online
Asterisks online
Plurals of nouns
Doubling consonants
Spelling with -y or -i
Internal ie or ei
Adding a suffix
Accents, umlauts, ets
For Multilingual/ESL Writers
Culture, Language, and Writing
Differences/not deficits
Language learning
Guide to transfer errors
Nouns and Articles
Categories of nouns
Uncountable nouns
Basic rules for articles
The for a specific reference
Proper nouns/articles
Verbs and Verbals
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