Knowledge and the Scholarly Medical Traditions

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1995-11-24
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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However much the three great traditions of medicine - Galenic, Chinese and Ayurvedic - differed from each other, they had one thing in common: scholarship. The foundational knowledge of each could only be acquired by careful study under teachers relying on ancient texts. Such medical knowledge is special, operating as it does in the realm of the most fundamental human experiences - health, disease, suffering, birth and death - and the credibility of healers is of crucial importance. Because of this, scholarly medical knowledge offers a rich field for the study of different cultural practices in the legitimation of knowledge generally. The contributors to this volume are all specialists in the history or anthropology of these traditions, and their essays range from historical investigations to studies of present-day practices.

Table of Contents

1. Ways of scholarly knowing: an introduction Don Bates
Part I. Scholarly Medicine in the West: 2. Epistemological arguments in early Greek medicine in comparative perspective Geoffrey Lloyd
3. Autopsia, historia and what women know: the authority of women in Hippocratic gynaecology Lesley Dean-Jones
4. The growth of medical empiricism Robert James Hankinson
5. Scholarship and social context: a medical case from the eleventh-century Near East Lawrence Conrad
6. The experience of the book: manuscript, texts, and the role of epistemology in early medieval medicine Faith Wallis
7. Artifex factivus sanitatis: health and medical care in medieval Latin Galenism Luis Garcia-Ballester
8. Epistemology and learned medicine in early modern England Andrew Wear
Part II. Chinese Traditional Medicine: 9. Text and experience in classical Chinese medicine Nathan Sivin
10. Visual knowledge in classical Chinese medicine Shigehisa Kuryama
11. A deathly disorder: understanding women's health in late imperial China
12. Re-writing traditional medicine in post-Maoist China Judith Farquhar
Part III. Ayurvedic Medicine: 13. Writing the body and ruling the land: Western reflections on Chinese and Indian medicine Margaret Trawick
14. The scholar, the wise man, and universals: three aspects of Ayurvedic medicine Francis Zimmerman
15. The epistemological carnival: meditations on disciplinary intentionality and Ayurveda Lawrence Cohen
Part IV. Commentaries.

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