Landscapes Groundwork for College Reading

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-01-01
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning

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LANDSCAPES is a comprehensive college reading preparatory text (spanning grade levels 8-10) that takes a metacognitive approach and focuses on how the brain processes information, often referred to as brain-based learning. Since metacognition can best be understood as thinking about "thinking," the text consistently presents new information with written "think alouds" to model the thought process involved in applying skills and strategies to reading passages. Based on the premise that the brain learns best through organization of information, the text presents the recognition of text structure and organization as a fundamental skill--one that is especially important for students who have limited prior knowledge of a subject. This focus on text structure provides a scaffold onto which developmental-level readers can apply new knowledge. Information is presented in a carefully crafted sequence that serves to build upon prior knowledge and expand understanding of skills and strategies in a recursive manner.

Table of Contents

Approaching College Reading
Active Reading and Previewing
Pre-Assessment: "College Survival Tips: Making the Transition"
Focus on Reading Study Skills: The Reading Process
Before You Read
While You Read
After You Read
Focus on Comprehension: Active Reading, Previewing, and Predicting
Active Learning
Active Reading
Memory and How the Brain Processes Information
Making Predictions
Focus on Vocabulary: Definition and Synonym Context Clues
Transition Words
Definition Clue
Synonym Clue
"Procrastination: Ten Things To Know"
"Planning Sets You Free"
Wrapping It Up
Post Assessment: "Organizing Your Time"
Topic and Questioning
Pre-Assessment: "Students Under Stress"
Focus on Comprehension: Determining Topic and Posing Guide Questions
General Versus Specific
Finding the Topic
Finding the Topic in a Longer Passage
Posing Guide Questions
Focus on Vocabulary: Antonym and Inference Context Clues
Antonym Clue
Inference Clue
Focus on Reading Study Skills: Motivation and Time Management
Internal and External Motivation
Managing Your Time
"10 Healthy Habits That May Help You Live to 100"
"Five Ways to Resolve Conflict"
Wrapping it Up
Post Assessment: "Stress on Campus"
Main Ideas
Explicit Main Ideas
Pre-Assessment: "Money = Happiness"
Focus on Comprehension: Author's Purpose and Explicit Main Ideas
Author's Purpose
To Inform
To Instruct
To Persuade
To Entertain
Main Idea
Finding the Main Idea
Location of Main Idea
Explicit Main Idea in a Paragraph
Explicit Main Idea in a Longer Passage
Focus on Vocabulary: Recognizing Prefixes and Suffixes
Focus on Reading Study Skills: Goal Setting and Study Environments
Setting Achievable Goals
Creating a Motivating Study Environment
"Why Money Doesn't Buy Happiness"
"Global Stratification"
Wrapping it Up
Post Assessment: "Billionaire Clusters"
Implied Main Ideas
Pre-Assessment: "Do our genes make us popular?"
Focus on Reading Study Skills: Paraphrasing
The Importance of Paraphrasing
How to Paraphrase
Focus on Comprehension: Inference and Implied Main Ideas
What Are Inferences? Implied Main Ideas
Topic + Existing Sentence = Implied Main Idea
Sentence + Sentence = Implied Main Idea
General Statement Based on Supporting Details = Implied Main Idea
Finding an Implied Main Idea in a Longer Reading
Focus on Vocabulary: Recognizing Prefixes and Suffixes
Root Words
"Oh, Brother: How Nature and Nurture Can Conspire to Create Ideologically Opposed Siblings"
"Nature Versus Nurture"
Wrapping It Up
Post Assessment: "Self-Confidence: Nature or Nurture?"
Units I And II Textbook Application
Surveying a Chapter
Using Textbook Features
Applying What You Have Learned to a Full Length Chapter--
Learning about Learning from FOCUS on College Success
Eight Steps to Approaching This Textbook Reading
Learning about Learning from FOCUS on College Success
Understanding Test-Taking Strategies: Taking Objective Tests
Relationships between Ideas
Patterns of Organization
Pre Assessment: "What Happens When You Sleep?" by the National Sleep Foundation
Focus on Vocabulary: Recognizing Transition Words
Transitions Signal Patterns
Focus on Comprehension: Recognizing Patterns of Organization
Relationships between Ideas
Patterns of Organization
Supporting Details
Patterns That List
Patterns That Define or C
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