Language, Culture, and Society : An Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-09-13
  • Publisher: WESTVIEW
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For four previous editions, professors have turned to Zdenek Salzmann#x19;s Language, Culture, and Societyfor its comprehensive coverage of all critical aspects of linguistic anthropology, as well as for its student-friendly pedagogy. New coauthors James Stanlaw and Adachi Nobuko join Salzmann in revising this classic text. With extensive updates and expanded discussions of fundamental issues in the field, the fifth edition continues to be the essential teaching text for the introductory linguistic anthropology course. The fifth edition features three new chapters on language and thought, language and ideology, and language in a globalized world, as well as expanded consideration of the role of linguistics as a key subfield of anthropology. This edition also includes an updated built-in resource manual and study guide, including key terms, discussion questions, projects, objective study questions, and suggestions for further reading.

Author Biography

Zdenek Salzmann is professor emeritus of anthropology at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and adjunct professor at Northern Arizona University. He is the author (with Joy Salzmann) of Native Americans of the Southwest (Westview Press). James Stanlaw is professor of anthropology at Illinois State University. He is the author of Japanese English: Language and Culture Contact. Nobuko Adachi is associate professor of anthropology at Illinois State University. She is the author of Japanese Diasporas: Unsung Pasts, Conflicting Presents, and Uncertain Futures.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Introducing Linguistic Anthropologyp. 1
Why Should We Study Language? Language in Daily Lifep. 1
Modern Myths Concerning Languagesp. 3
Brief History of Anthropologyp. 9
Anthropology, Linguistics, and Linguistic Anthropologyp. 13
Summary and Conclusionsp. 15
Methods of Linguistic Anthropologyp. 17
Contrasting Linguistics with Linguistic Anthropologyp. 17
The Fieldwork Componentp. 19
A Checklist for Research in the Fieldp. 27
Summary and Conclusionsp. 30
Language Is Sound: Phonologyp. 31
The Anatomy and Physiology of Speechp. 33
Articulation of Speech Soundsp. 36
From Phones to Phonemesp. 41
Phonemes of Englishp. 45
Prosodic Featuresp. 47
Etics and Ernicsp. 49
Summary and Conclusionsp. 52
Structure of Words and Sentencesp. 53
Morphemes and Allomorphsp. 54
Morphological Processesp. 58
Morphophonemicsp. 61
The Sentence as a Unit of Analysisp. 63
Inflections and Word Orderp. 66
Chomsky and Transformational-Generative Grammarp. 67
Summary and Conclusionsp. 70
Nonverbal Communicationp. 73
Paralinguisticsp. 75
Kinesicsp. 76
Proxemiosp. 78
Whistle "Languages,"p. 81
Sign Languagesp. 82
Summary and Conclusionsp. 86
The Development and Evolution of Languagep. 87
Communication and Its Channelsp. 87
Communication Among Social Insectsp. 89
Communication Among Nonhuman Primates and Other Vertebratesp. 92
When Does a Communication System Become Language?p. 96
Milestones in Human Evolutionp. 97
Design Features of Languagep. 101
Language as an Evolutionary Productp. 105
Monogenesis Versus Polygenesisp. 108
Estimating the Age of Language: Linguistic Considerationsp. 110
Estimating the Age of Language: The View from Prehistoryp. 112
Estimating the Age of Language: Evidence from Anatomyp. 114
Summary and Conclusionsp. 116
Acquiring Language(s): Life with First Languages, Second Languages, and Morep. 119
The First Steps of Language Acquisition in Childhoodp. 119
Theories of Language Acquisitionp. 121
Language and the Brainp. 126
Bilingual and Multilingual Brainsp. 128
The Social Aspects of Multilingualismp. 130
Code-Switchingj Code-Mixing, and Diglossiap. 135
Summary and Conclusionsp. 137
Language Through Timep. 141
How Languages Are Classifiedp. 141
Internal and External Changesp. 145
How and Why Sound Changes Occurp. 148
Reconstructing Frotolanguagesp. 151
Reconstructing the Ancestral Homelandp. 154
Reconstructing a Protoculturep. 158
Trying to Date the Past: Glottochronologyp. 161
Time Perspective in Culturep. 164
Summary and Conclusionsp. 166
Languages in Variation and Languages in Contactp. 169
Idiolectsp. 169
Dialectsp. 170
Stylesp. 171
Language Contactp. 172
Pidginsp. 174
From Pidgins to Creolesp. 176
Language Contact in the Contemporary Worldp. 180
The World of Languagesp. 182
Summary and Conclusionsp. 184
Ethnography of Communicationp. 185
Speech Community and Related Conceptsp. 186
Units of Speech Behaviorp. 188
Components of Communicationp. 189
Subanun Drinking Talkp. 197
Attitudes Toward the Use of Speechp. 198
Recent Trends in the Ethnography of Speakingp. 202
Summary and Conclusionsp. 203
Culture as Cognition, Culture as Categorization: Meaning and Language in the Conceptual Worldp. 205
Concepts, Words, and Categoriesp. 209
The Lexical Nature of Conceptsp. 211
The Rise and (Relative) Fall of Ethnosciencep. 215
Sound Symbolism and Synesthesiap. 220
Studies of Discoursep. 222
Summary and Conclusionsp. 224
Language, Culture, and Thoughtp. 225
The Stimulus of Sapir's Writingsp. 226
The Whorf Hypothesis of Linguistic Relativity and Linguistic Determinismp. 228
Whorf s Hypothesis Reconsideredp. 232
Color Nomenclature and Other Challenges to Linguistic Relativityp. 239
Theoretical Alternatives to Linguistic Relativityp. 247
Future Tests of Linguistic Relativity and Linguistic Determinismp. 251
Summary and Conclusionsp. 254
Language and Ideology: Variations in Class, Gender, Ethnicity, and Nationalityp. 257
Language, Social Class, and Identityp. 258
Language and Genderp. 261
Language, "Race," and Ethnicityp. 273
Language and Nationalityp. 282
Summary and Conclusionsp. 289
Linguistic Anthropology in a Globalized Worldp. 291
Language Planningp. 292
Literacy, Writing, and Educationp. 294
The Life and Death of Languagesp. 297
Intercultural Communication and Translationp. 302
Language and the Lawp. 309
English as an International Languagep. 314
Always On: New Literacies and Language in an Online Global Worldp. 315
Ethical Questions and Standards of Conductp. 322
Summary and Conclusionsp. 324
Resource Manual and Study Guidep. 327
Answers to the Objective Study Questions and Problemsp. 371
Glossaryp. 377
Bibliographyp. 389
Languages Mentioned in the Text and Their Locations (Map)p. 419
Indexp. 423
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