Latino Representation in State Houses and Congress

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2010-12-20
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

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This book argues that Latino representation in U.S. legislative institutions is shaped not only by demographics but by legislative institutional design, as well as elite-driven methods, features of the electoral system, and the increasing mainstreaming of Latinos in American society. The election of Latino legislators in the United States is thus complex and varied. This book provides evidence on how successful Latinos have been in winning state legislative and congressional districts in which they have no natural advantage. In particular, this book demonstrates that Latino candidates benefit from higher percentages of Latino citizens in the state, more liberal citizenries, and citizen legislatures. Jason Casellas argues that the legislatures most conducive to the election of Latino candidates are Florida, New Mexico, and California, whereas the least conducive are the U.S. House and New York.

Table of Contents

List of Tablesp. x
List of Figuresp. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Introductionp. 1
Latinos in American Societyp. 4
Latino Political Incorporationp. 9
The Concept of Representationp. 10
Brief Discussion of Subsequent Chaptersp. 15
Latinos in Legislatures: Historical and Theoretical Settingp. 19
Literature on Latinos in Legislaturesp. 22
Other Minorities in Legislatures and Redisrictingp. 25
Research Questionsp. 28
Types of Datap. 30
Choice of Legislaturesp. 32
The Effects of Population, Turnover, and Term Limits on Latino Representationp. 33
Turnover, Professionalization, and Term Limitsp. 34
Methodsp. 41
Institutional and Demographic Determinants of Latino Representationp. 43
Conclusionp. 46
District Composition and the Election of Latino Candidatesp. 51
Redisricting after the Voting Rights Act of 1965p. 52
Methodsp. 56
United States Housep. 57
Overall Findingsp. 59
New Mexicop. 63
Californiap. 64
Texasp. 65
Arizonap. 67
Floridap. 68
New Yorkp. 70
New Jerseyp. 72
Conclusionp. 73
Electing Latinos in Non-Latino Majority Districtsp. 76
Methodologyp. 78
The Elite-Driven Processp. 82
Features of the Electoral Systemp. 91
Latino Republicansp. 101
Conclusionp. 103
Voices from Within: How Latino Legislators See Themselvesp. 106
Methodologyp. 108
Background, Political Past, and Election to Current Positionp. 110
Legislators' Perceptions of Competitivenessp. 112
How They View Their Districtsp. 113
Issue Priorities of Latino Legislatorsp. 115
Perceptions of Representationp. 118
Does Partisanship Trump Ethnicity?p. 120
Conclusionp. 122
Roll Call Voting Behavior of Latino Legislatorsp. 125
Background of Latinos in Colorado, New Jersey, and Texasp. 126
What We Know About Latino Roll Call Voting Behaviorp. 128
Data and Methodsp. 130
Findingsp. 131
Conclusionp. 136
Conclusionp. 138
Legislatures and Legislators Matterp. 139
Not All States Are Equal: Institutions and Demographics Matterp. 140
The Mainstreaming of Latinos in U.S. Legislaturesp. 142
African Americans and Latinosp. 143
Party Outreach Extends Beyond Presidential Racesp. 143
Latino Pan-Ethnic Identity Despite District Differencesp. 145
Variations in Latino Legislators' Voting Recordsp. 145
p. 147
p. 149
p. 157
p. 159
p. 161
Referencesp. 163
Indexp. 175
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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