Learning : Principles and Applications

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  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-04-04
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications, Inc

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Known for its scholarship and easy-to-read style and format, Learning: Principles and Applications, Sixth Edition shows students the relevance of basic learning processes through real-world examples, vignettes, critical thinking questions, and applications. In this new edition, the content has been updated and reorganized to reflect changes in the field and the pedagogical features have been strengthened and highlighted to continue to help students better comprehend the subject matter.Features and Benefits:- Chapter Opening Vignettes and real-world examples peppered through the text, engage the reader and make concepts more relevant to their experience.- Before You Go On bulleted questions emphasize mastery of key concepts throughout every chapter.- End-of-chapter Critical Thinking questions help students integrate and apply chapter material.- Coverage of Biological Influences on learning and memory outshines other texts.- Theories of Learning and Applications are presented in the same chapters for better continuity.- A special focus on Cognition reflects new directions in the field.

Table of Contents

An Introduction to Learning
The Gift of Knowledge
a Definition of Learning
The Ethics of Conducting Research
Traditional Learning Theories
The Oldies but Goodies
Traditional Learning Theories
Hull‚«÷s Drive Theory
Spence‚«÷s Acquired Motive Approach
Guthrie‚«÷s Contiguity View
Tolman‚«÷s Purposive Behaviorism
Skinner‚«÷s Behavioristic Methodology
The Modification of Instinctive Behavior
Do You Have a Light?
The Instinctive Basis of Behavior
Habituation and Sensitization
Opponent-Process Theory
Principles and Applications of Classical Conditioning
a Lingering Fear
Principles of Classical Conditioning
Applications of Classical Conditioning
Theories of Classical Conditioning
He Never Saw It Coming
The Nature of the Conditioned Response
The Nature of the Classical Conditioning Process
and Applications of Appetitive Conditioning
a Loss of Control
Principles of Appetitive Conditioning
Applications of Appetitive Conditioning
Contingency Management
The Implementation of the Contingency Management Program
Principles and Applications of Aversive Conditioning
a Good Whipping
Principles of Aversive Conditioning
Applications of Aversive Conditioning
Theories of Appetitive and Aversive Conditioning
a Lack of Control
Theories of Appetitive Conditioning
The Pain of Failure
Theories of Aversive Learning
Biological Influences on Learning
a Nauseating Experience
Generality of the Laws of Learning
a Behavior Systems Approach
Animal Misbehavior
Schedule-Induced Behavior
Flavor-Aversion Learning
The Avoidance of Aversive Events
The Biology of Reinforcement
Stimulus Control of Behavior
a Case of Mistaken Identity
The Generalization Process
Discrimination Learning
Cognitive Control of Behavior
The Insurmountable Barrier
Tolman‚«÷s Purposive Behaviorism
The Concept of an Expectation
a Cognitive View of Depression
a Cognitive View of Phobic Behavior
Complex Learning Tasks
a Day at the Beach
Concept Learning
Problem Solving
The Storage of Our Experiences
a Fleeting Experience
Measures of Memory
a Three-Stage View of Memory Storage
Sensory Register
Short-Term Store
a Rehearsal Systems Approach
Long-Term Store
Memory Retrieval and Forgetting
a Look Into the Past
Memory Retrieval
Anatomical Basis of Memory Retrieval
Application: Mnemonics
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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