Legislative Politics in Latin America

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2002-03-04
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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This study explores legislative politics in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico. Instead of beginning with an assumption that these legislatures are either rubber-stamps or obstructionist bodies, the chapters provide new data and a fresh analytical approach to describe and explain the role of these representative bodies in these consolidating democracies. For each country the book provides three chapters dedicated, in turn, to executive-legislative relations, the legislatures' organizational structure, and the policy process. The analytical focus of each section, however remains the same: the role of institutional factors (including the allocation of policy-making authority between the executive and legislative branches of government, the number of relevant parties in the legislature, and the structure of electoral incentives) in shaping the patterns of legislative behavior.

Table of Contents

Tables and Figures
Contributors xv
Preface and Acknowledgments xvii
Party Names and Other Acronyms and Abbreviations xix
Towards a Model of Latin American Legislatures
Scott Morgenstern
Part I: Executive-Legislative Relations
Oscillating Relations: President and Congress in Argentina
Ana Maria Mustapic
Presidential Cabinets, Electoral Cycles, and Coalition Discipline in Brazil
Octavio Amorim Neto
Exaggerated Presidentialism and Moderate Presidents: Executive-Legislative Relations in Chile
Peter M. Siavelis
Executive-Legislative Relations: The Case of Mexico (1946-1997)
Ma. Amparo Casar
Part II: Political Parties and Legislative Structure
Explaining the High Level of Party Discipline in the Argentine Congress
Mark P. Jones
Party Discipline in the Chamber of Deputies
Barry Ames
Parties, Coalitions, and the Chilean Congress in the 1990s
John M. Carey
Understanding Party Discipline in the Mexican Chamber of Deputies: The Centralized Party Model
Benito Nacif
Part III: Legislatures and the Policy Process
Fiscal Policy Making in the Argentine Legislature
Kent H. Eaton
Progressive Ambition, Federalism, and Pork-Barreling in Brazil
David Samuels
Appointment, Reelection, and Autonomy in the Senate of Chile
John Londregan
The Legal and Partisan Framework of the Legislative Delegation of the Budget In Mexico
Jeffery A. Weldon
Part IV: Conclusions
Explaining Legislative Politics in Latin America
Scott Morgenstern
Epilogue: Latin America's Reactive Assemblies and Proactive Presidents
Gary W. Cox
Scott Morgenstern
References 469(24)
Author Index 493(4)
General Index 497

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