The Letter to the Hebrews

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2010-03-15
  • Publisher: Eerdmans Pub Co
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The Pillar New Testament Commentary, designed for serious readers of the Bible, seeks above all to make clear the meaning of the text of Scripture as we have it. Writers of the PNTC volumes interact with the most important, informed contemporary debate yet avoid undue technical detail. Their ideal is a blend of rigorous exegesis and exposition, scholarship and pastoral sensitivity, with an eye alert both to biblical theology and to the contemporary relevance of the Bible.

Table of Contents

Editor's Prefacep. xi
Author's Prefacep. xiii
Abbreviationsp. xv
Select Bibliographyp. xviii
Introductionp. 1
Authorship and Canonicityp. 2
Paulp. 4
An Associate of Paulp. 6
Barnabasp. 6
Apollosp. 7
An Unknown Authorp. 8
The Situation of the Recipientsp. 9
Destinationp. 14
Datep. 15
Hostile Actions against the Communityp. 16
The Destruction of the Templep. 18
The Development of Early Christianityp. 19
Genrep. 20
Structurep. 22
Conceptual (or Thematic) Analysisp. 23
Rhetorical Analysisp. 24
Literary Analysisp. 27
Discourse Analysisp. 29
p. 30
Cynthia Long Westfallp. 33
Our Structurep. 34
Exposition, Exhortation, and Purposep. 35
Hebrews in Its First-Century Worldp. 36
Philo, Alexandria, and Platonismp. 37
Gnosticismp. 38
Palestinian Jewish Writingsp. 38
Christian Originsp. 40
Pauline Christianityp. 40
Jewish Christianityp. 42
Commentary on Hebrews
Introduction: God's Final Word to us in His Son, 1:1-4p. 44
The Position of the Son in Relation to That of Angels, 1:5–2:18p. 63
The Son Superior to Angels, 1:5-14p. 63
Warning: Do Not Reject the Word Spoken through God's Son, 2:1-4p. 81
The Son for a Time Lower than the Angels, 2:5-9p. 91
The Son Became Lower in order to Suffer for the Sons, 2:10-18p. 101
Fix Your Attention on Jesus — A Warning against Unbelief — A Promise of Entering God's Rest, 3:1–4:13p. 125
Jesus, the Supreme Example of the Faithful Son, 3:1-6p. 126
Warning: Avoid Israel's Example of Unbelief, 3:7-19p. 138
The Promise of Rest for Those Who Persevere in Faith, 4:1-13p. 156
Let Us Make Every Effort to Enter God's Rest, 4:1-11p. 158
Consider the Power of God's Word, 4:12-13p. 173
Since We Have a Great High Priest, Let Us Hold Fast and Draw Near, 4:14-16p. 179
The Son's Appointment as Unique High Priest, 5:1–7:28p. 187
Introduction: The Son, Taken from among Men and Appointed in the Order of Melchizedek, 5:1-10p. 188
Qualifications for High Priesthood, 5:1-4p. 189
Christ's Qualifications for High Priesthood, 5:5-10p. 193
Warning and Encouragement: The Peril of Apostasy, 5:11–6:12p. 203
The Problem with the Community—Spiritual Immaturity, 5:11-14p. 205
Let Us Move On to Maturity, 6:1-3p. 211
A Stern Warning about the Dangers of Apostasy, 6:4-8p. 216
An Encouragement to Persevere, 6:9-12p. 230
God's Promise Our Basis of Hope, 6:13-20p. 234
The Superiority of Melchizedek, 7:1-10p. 245
The Superiority of Jesus, the High Priest in the Order of Melchizedek, 7:11-28p. 255
The Order of Melchizedek Replaces the Order of Aaron, 7:11-19p. 256
The Superiority of the New Priesthood: The Divine Oath, Its Permanence, and the Character of Jesus, 7:20-28p. 267
The Superior Offering of the Appointed High Priest, 8:1–10:18p. 286
The More Excellent Ministry of the Heavenly High Priest, 8:1-6p. 287
The Superiority of the New Covenant, 8:7-13p. 293
The Superiority of the New Covenant Offering, 9:1-10:18p. 304
The Sanctuary under the Old Covenant, 9:1-10p. 304
Decisive Cleansing through the Blood of Christ, 9:11-28p. 316
Christ's atoning death has secured an eternal redemption, 9:11-14p. 317
Christ the mediator of the new covenant, 9:15-22p. 326
Christ's perfect sacrifice, 9:23-28p. 335
The Consummate Sacrifice, 10:1-18p. 343
Shadow and reality, 10:1-4p. 344
Sacrifice versus obedience, 10:5-10p. 348
The finality of Christ's priesthood, 10:11-14p. 354
The finality of Christ's sacrifice, 10:15-18p. 358
Since We Have Access to God Through Christ's Sacrifice, Let Us Draw Near and Hold Fast, 10:19-25p. 360
Let Us Draw Near to God, 10:19-22p. 362
Let Us Hold Unswervingly to the Hope We Possess, 10:23p. 368
Let Us Encourage One Another, 10:24-25p. 369
A Call to Perseverance and Faith, 10:26–12:29p. 371
A Warning against Apostasy and a Summons to Perseverance, 10:26-39p. 372
A Stern Warning: The Danger of Rejecting God's Son, 10:26-31p. 372
Remember the Past and Persevere, 10:32-39p. 382
Positive Old Testament Examples of Faithful Endurance, 11:1-40p. 394
Faith in the Unseen, 11:1-7p. 397
The Faith of Abraham and His Descendants, 11:8-22p. 409
The Faith of Moses, 11:23-31p. 427
Further Examples—Those Who Endured through Faith, 11:32-40p. 437
Let Us Run the Race with Endurance, Fixing Our Eyes on Jesus, 12:1-2p. 449
Endure Discipline as Children, 12:3-17p. 458
You Have Come to the Heavenly Zion, 12:18-24p. 477
A Final Warning: Do Not Reject the One Who Speaks from Heaven, 12:25-29p. 491
Concluding Exhortations, Final Prayers, and Greetings, 13:1-25p. 502
True Service to God Involves Serving His People, 13:1-16p. 504
Instructions for the Congregation, 13:7-19p. 514
Prayer and Doxology, 13:20-21p. 532
Personal Notes, Greetings, and Benediction, 13:22-25p. 537
Subjectsp. 542
Authorsp. 550
Scripture Referencesp. 556
Extrabiblical Literaturep. 590
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