Cengage Advantage Books: Liberty, Equality, Power A History of the American People, Volume I: To 1877, Compact

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  • Copyright: 2005-04-14
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Succeed in American history with CENGAGE ADVANTAGE BOOKS: LIBERTY, EQUALITY, AND POWER, VOLUME I TO 1877, COMPACT EDTION! This history text shows how the pursuit of liberty and equality has shaped the nation, and how power has been used and abused in every aspect of American life between men and women, whites and blacks, and rich and poor. Features such as History through Film, chapter focus questions, chapter chronologies, charts, and tables help you master difficult concepts. The Book Companion Website contains additional study aids such as flashcards, tutorial quizzes, internet exercises, and links to the past designed to save you time and enhance your understanding of the material.

Table of Contents

Mapsp. xxi
History Through Filmp. xxii
To the Student: Why Study History?p. xxiii
Prefacep. xxv
When Old Worlds Collide: Contact, Conquest, Catastrophep. 1
Peoples in Motionp. 1
Chronologyp. 2
From Beringia to the Americasp. 2
The Great Extinction and the Rise of Agriculturep. 4
The Polynesians and Hawaiip. 6
The Norsemenp. 6
Europe and the World in the 15th Centuryp. 7
China: The Rejection of Overseas Expansionp. 7
Europe versus Islamp. 8
The Legacy of the Crusadesp. 9
The Unlikely Pioneer: Portugalp. 9
Africa, Colonies, and the Slave Tradep. 11
Portugal's Asian Empirep. 13
Early Lessonsp. 13
Spain, Columbus, and the Americasp. 14
Columbusp. 14
Spain and the Caribbeanp. 16
The Emergence of Complex Societies in the Americasp. 17
The Rise of Sedentary Culturesp. 18
The Andes: Cycles of Complex Culturesp. 19
Inca Civilizationp. 21
Mesoamerica: Cycles of Complex Culturesp. 22
The Aztecs and Tenochtitl&'anp. 25
North American Mound Buildersp. 26
Urban Cultures of the Southwestp. 28
Contact and Cultural Misunderstandingp. 30
Religious Dilemmasp. 30
War as Cultural Misunderstandingp. 31
Gender and Cultural Misunderstandingp. 32
Conquest and Catastrophep. 32
The Conquest of Mexico and Perup. 32
North American Conquistadores and Missionariesp. 34
The Spanish Empire and Demographic Catastrophep. 36
Brazilp. 37
Global Colossus, Global Economyp. 37
Explanations: Patterns of Conquest, Submission, and Resistancep. 39
Conclusionp. 40
Suggested Readingsp. 41
The Challenge to Spain and the Settlement of North Americap. 42
The Protestant Reformation and the Challenge to Spainp. 43
Chronologyp. 43
New Francep. 45
Early French Explorersp. 45
Missions and Fursp. 46
History Through Film: Black Robep. 47
New France under Louis XIVp. 49
The Dutch and Swedish Settlementsp. 50
The East and West India Companiesp. 51
New Netherland as a Pluralistic Societyp. 52
Swedish and English Encroachmentsp. 53
The Challenge from Elizabethan Englandp. 53
The English Reformationp. 54
Hawkins and Drakep. 54
Gilbert, Ireland, and Americap. 55
Ralegh, Roanoke, and War with Spainp. 56
The Swarming of the Englishp. 58
The Chesapeake and West Indian Coloniesp. 58
The Jamestown Disasterp. 59
Reorganization, Reform, and Crisisp. 60
Tobacco, Servants, and Survivalp. 62
Marylandp. 64
Chesapeake Family Lifep. 65
The West Indies and the Transition to Slaveryp. 66
The Rise of Slavery in North Americap. 67
The New England Coloniesp. 69
The Pilgrims and Plymouthp. 70
Covenant Theologyp. 70
Massachusetts Bayp. 72
Puritan Family Lifep. 73
Conversion, Dissent, and Expansionp. 73
Congregations, Towns, and Colony Governmentsp. 75
Infant Baptism and New Dissentp. 76
The English Civil Warsp. 78
The First Restoration Coloniesp. 78
Carolina, Harrington, and the Aristocratic Idealp. 79
New York: An Experiment in Absolutismp. 81
Brotherly Love: The Quakers and Americap. 84
Quaker Beliefsp. 84
Quaker Familiesp. 86
West New Jerseyp. 86
Pennsylvaniap. 87
Conclusionp. 90
Suggested Readingsp. 91
England Discovers Its Colonies: Empire, Liberty, and Expansionp. 92
Chronologyp. 93
The Atlantic Prism and the Spectrum of Settlementp. 94
Demographic Differencesp. 94
Race, Ethnicity, and Economyp. 97
Religion and Educationp. 97
Local and Provincial Governmentsp. 98
Unifying Trends: Language, War, Law, and Inheritancep. 99
The Beginnings of Empirep. 100
Upheaval in America: The Critical 1640sp. 100
Mercantilism as a Moral Revolutionp. 101
The First Navigation Actp. 102
Restoration Navigation Actsp. 103
Indians, Settlers, Upheavalp. 105
Indian Strategies of Survivalp. 105
Puritan Indian Missionsp. 106
Metacom's (or King Philip's) Warp. 107
Virginia's Indian Warp. 110
Bacon's Rebellionp. 111
Crisis in England and the Redefinition of Empirep. 113
The Popish Plot, the Exclusion Crisis, and the Rise of Partyp. 114
The Lords of Trade and Imperial Reformp. 114
The Dominion of New Englandp. 116
The Glorious Revolutionp. 116
The Glorious Revolution in Americap. 117
The English Responsep. 118
The Salem Witch Trialsp. 119
The Completion of Empirep. 120
Imperial Federalismp. 122
The Mixed and Balanced Constitutionp. 122
Contrasting Empires: Spain and France in North Americap. 124
The Pueblo Revoltp. 124
New France and the Middle Groundp. 125
French Louisiana and Spanish Texasp. 127
An Empire of Settlement: The British Coloniesp. 128
The Engine of British Expansion: The Colonial Householdp. 128
The Voluntaristic Ethic and Public Lifep. 130
Three Warring Empires, 1689-1716p. 130
Conclusionp. 133
Suggested Readingsp. 134
Provincial America and the Struggle for a Continentp. 135
Expansion versus Anglicizationp. 135
Chronologyp. 136
Threats to Householder Autonomyp. 137
Anglicizing the Role of Womenp. 138
Expansion, Immigration, and Regional Differentiationp. 139
Emergence of the Old Southp. 139
The Mid-Atlantic Colonies: The "Best Poor Man's Country"p. 143
The Backcountryp. 144
New England: A Faltering Economy and Paper Moneyp. 145
Anglicizing Provincial Americap. 147
The World of Printp. 148
The Enlightenment in Americap. 150
Lawyers and Doctorsp. 150
Georgia: The Failure of an Enlightenment Utopiap. 151
The Great Awakeningp. 153
Origins of the Revivalsp. 153
Whitefield Launches the Transatlantic Revivalp. 155
Disruptionsp. 155
Long-Term Consequences of the Revivalsp. 156
New Collegesp. 157
The Denominational Realignmentp. 158
Political Culture in the Coloniesp. 158
The Rise of the Assembly and the Governorp. 159
"Country" Constitutions: The Southern Coloniesp. 160
"Court" Constitutions: The Northern Coloniesp. 161
The Renewal of Imperial Conflictp. 162
Challenges to French Powerp. 162
The Danger of Slave Revolts and War with Spainp. 164
France versus Britain: King George's Warp. 167
The Impending Stormp. 168
The War for North Americap. 171
The Albany Congress and the Onset of Warp. 171
Britain's Years of Defeatp. 173
A World Warp. 176
Imperial Tensions: From Loudoun to Pittp. 177
The Years of British Victoryp. 179
The Cherokee War and Spanish Interventionp. 182
The Peace of Parisp. 182
Conclusionp. 183
Suggested Readingsp. 184
Reform, Resistance, Revolutionp. 185
Imperial Reformp. 186
Chronologyp. 186
From Pitt to Grenvillep. 187
The Grenville Ministryp. 187
Indian Policy and Pontiac's Warp. 188
The Sugar Actp. 190
The Currency Act and the Quartering Actp. 190
The Stamp Actp. 191
The Stamp Act Crisisp. 192
Nullificationp. 193
Repealp. 194
The Townshend Crisisp. 196
The Townshend Programp. 196
Resistance: The Politics of Escalationp. 198
An Experiment in Military Coercionp. 200
The Second Wilkes Crisisp. 200
The Boston Massacrep. 201
Partial Repealp. 203
Disaffectionp. 204
Internal Cleavages: The Contagion of Libertyp. 206
The Feudal Revival and Rural Discontentp. 206
The Regulator Movements in the Carolinasp. 208
Slaves and Womenp. 210
The Last Imperial Crisisp. 212
The Tea Crisisp. 213
Britain's Response: The Coercive Actsp. 214
The Radical Explosionp. 215
The First Continental Congressp. 217
Toward Warp. 218
The Improvised Warp. 219
The Second Continental Congressp. 220
War and Legitimacy, 1775-1776p. 221
Independencep. 222
History Through Film: 1776p. 223
Conclusionp. 224
Suggested Readingsp. 225
The Revolutionary Republicp. 226
Chronologyp. 227
Hearts and Minds: The Northern War, 1776-1777p. 228
The British Offensivep. 228
The Trenton-Princeton Campaignp. 231
The Campaigns of 1777 and Foreign Interventionp. 231
The Loss of Philadelphiap. 232
History Through Film: Mary Silliman's Warp. 233
Saratogap. 234
French Interventionp. 234
Spanish Expansion and Interventionp. 235
The Reconstitution of Authorityp. 236
John Adams and the Separation of Powersp. 236
The Virginia Constitutionp. 237
The Pennsylvania Constitutionp. 238
Massachusetts Redefines Constitutionalismp. 239
Confederationp. 241
The Crisis of the Revolution, 1779-1783p. 242
The Loyalistsp. 242
Loyalist Refugees, Black and Whitep. 243
The Indian Struggle for Unity and Survivalp. 244
Attritionp. 246
The British Offensive in the Southp. 248
The Partisan Warp. 251
Mutiny and Reformp. 252
From the Ravaging of Virginia to Yorktown and Peacep. 253
A Revolutionary Societyp. 256
Religious Transformationsp. 256
The First Emancipationp. 258
The Challenge to Patriarchyp. 259
Western Expansion, Discontent, and Conflict with Indiansp. 260
The Northwest Ordinancep. 261
A More Perfect Unionp. 264
Commerce, Debt, and Shay's Rebellionp. 264
Cosmopolitans versus Localistsp. 264
The Philadelphia Conventionp. 266
Ratificationp. 268
Conclusionp. 269
Suggested Readingsp. 270
The Democratic Republic, 1790-1820p. 271
Chronologyp. 272
The Farmer's Republicp. 273
Householdsp. 273
History Through Film: A Midwife's Talep. 274
Rural Industryp. 276
Neighborsp. 276
Inheritancep. 278
Standards of Livingp. 278
From Backcountry to Frontierp. 279
The Destruction of the Woodland Indiansp. 280
The Failure of Cultural Renewalp. 281
The Backcountry, 1790-1815p. 283
The Plantation South, 1790-1820p. 284
Slavery and the Republicp. 284
The Recommitment to Slaveryp. 286
Race, Gender, and Chesapeake Laborp. 287
The Lowland Task Systemp. 288
The Seaport Cities, 1790-1815p. 289
Commercep. 289
Povertyp. 290
The Status of Laborp. 291
The Withering of Patriarchal Authorityp. 292
Paternal Power in Declinep. 293
The Alcoholic Republicp. 293
The Democratization of Printp. 294
Citizenshipp. 295
Republican Religionp. 297
The Decline of the Established Churchesp. 297
The Rise of the Democratic Sectsp. 298
The Christianization of the White Southp. 300
Evangelicals and Slaveryp. 301
The Beginnings of African American Christianityp. 302
Black Republicanism: Gabriel's Rebellionp. 303
Conclusionp. 305
Suggested Readingsp. 306
Completing the Revolution, 1789-1815p. 307
Establishing the Governmentp. 308
Chronologyp. 308
The "Republican Court"p. 309
The First Congressp. 310
Hamiltonian Economics: The National Debtp. 311
Hamiltonian Economics: The Bank and the Excisep. 312
The Rise of Oppositionp. 313
Jefferson versus Hamiltonp. 313
The Republic in a World at War, 1793-1800p. 314
Americans and the French Revolutionp. 315
Citizen Genetp. 315
Western Troublesp. 316
The Jay Treatyp. 318
Washington's Farewellp. 319
The Election of 1796p. 319
Troubles with France, 1796-1800p. 320
The Crisis at Home, 1798-1800p. 322
The Politicians and the Armyp. 323
The Election of 1800p. 324
The Jeffersonians in Powerp. 325
The Republican Programp. 325
Cleansing the Governmentp. 327
The Jeffersonians and the Courtsp. 328
The Impeachments of Pickering and Chasep. 329
Justice Marshall's Courtp. 330
Louisianap. 331
The Republic and the Napoleonic Wars, 1804-1815p. 333
The Dilemmas of Neutralityp. 333
Trouble on the High Seasp. 334
Embargop. 334
The Road to Warp. 336
The War Hawk Congress, 1811-1812p. 337
War Hawks and the War of 1812p. 338
The War with Canada, 1812-1813p. 338
Tecumseh's Last Standp. 341
The British Offensive, 1814p. 342
The Hartford Conventionp. 343
The Treaty of Ghentp. 344
Conclusionp. 344
Suggested Readingsp. 345
The Market Revolution, 1815-1860p. 346
Government and Marketsp. 347
Chronologyp. 347
The American System: The Bank of the United Statesp. 347
The American System: Tariffs and Internal Improvementsp. 348
Markets and the Lawp. 349
The Transportation Revolutionp. 351
Transportation in 1815p. 351
Improvements: Roads and Riversp. 351
Improvements: Canals and Railroadsp. 353
Time and Moneyp. 354
Markets and Regionsp. 356
From Yeoman to Businessman: The Rural North and Westp. 356
Shaping the Northern Landscapep. 357
The Transformation of Rural Outworkp. 358
Farmers as Consumersp. 358
The Northwest: Southern Migrantsp. 359
The Northwest: Northern Migrantsp. 360
Householdsp. 362
Neighborhoods: The Landscape of Privacyp. 364
The Industrial Revolutionp. 365
Factory Towns: The Rhode Island Systemp. 365
Factory Towns: The Waltham Systemp. 367
Urban Businessmenp. 369
Metropolitan Industrializationp. 370
History Through Film: Gangs of New Yorkp. 372
The Market Revolution in the Southp. 373
The Organization of Slave Laborp. 374
Paternalismp. 375
Yeomen and Plantersp. 376
Yeomen and the Marketp. 377
A Balance Sheet: The Plantation and Southern Developmentp. 378
Conclusionp. 380
Suggested Readingsp. 381
Toward an American Culturep. 382
The Northern Middle Classp. 382
Chronologyp. 383
The Evangelical Basep. 383
Domesticityp. 385
Sentimentalityp. 386
Fine Artsp. 388
Nature and Artp. 389
Scenic Tourism: Niagara Fallsp. 390
The Plain People of the Northp. 391
Religion and the Common Folkp. 391
Popular Millennialismp. 392
Family and Societyp. 394
The Prophet Joseph Smithp. 395
The Rise of Popular Culturep. 396
Blood Sportsp. 396
Boxingp. 396
An American Theaterp. 397
Minstrelsyp. 399
Novels and the Penny Pressp. 400
Family, Church, and Neighborhood: The White Southp. 402
Southern Familiesp. 402
Southern Entertainmentsp. 403
The Camp Meeting Becomes Respectablep. 404
Religious Conservatismp. 405
Pro-slavery Christianityp. 406
The Private Lives of Slavesp. 407
The Slave Familyp. 407
White Missionsp. 409
Slave Christiansp. 410
Religion and Revoltp. 411
Nat Turnerp. 412
Conclusionp. 413
Suggested Readingsp. 414
Society, Culture, and Politics, 1820s-1840sp. 415
Constituenciesp. 416
Chronologyp. 416
The North and Westp. 416
The Southp. 418
The Politics of Economic Developmentp. 419
Government and Its Limitsp. 419
Banksp. 421
Internal Improvementsp. 423
The Politics of Social Reformp. 423
Public Schoolsp. 424
Ethnicity, Religion, and the Schoolsp. 425
Prisonsp. 426
Asylumsp. 427
The South and Social Reformp. 428
Excursus: The Politics of Alcoholp. 429
Ardent Spiritsp. 429
The Origins of Prohibitionp. 431
The Democratization of Temperancep. 432
Temperance Schismsp. 433
Ethnicity and Alcoholp. 434
The Politics of Racep. 434
Free Blacksp. 435
Discriminationp. 435
Democratic Racismp. 437
Conceptions of Racial Differencep. 438
The Beginnings of Antislaveryp. 439
Abolitionistsp. 440
Agitationp. 441
The Politics of Gender and Sexp. 442
Appetitesp. 442
Moral Reformp. 443
Women's Rightsp. 444
Conclusionp. 446
Suggested Readingsp. 447
Jacksonian Democracyp. 448
Prologue: 1819p. 448
Chronologyp. 449
The West, 1803-1840sp. 449
The Argument over Missourip. 450
The Missouri Compromisep. 451
The Panic of 1819p. 452
Republican Revivalp. 453
Martin Van Buren Leads the Wayp. 454
The Election of 1824p. 454
"A Corrupt Bargain"p. 456
Jacksonian Melodramap. 457
Adams versus Jacksonp. 458
Nationalism in an International Arenap. 458
Nationalism at Homep. 459
The Pirth of the Democratic Partyp. 460
The Election of 1828p. 460
A People's Inaugurationp. 462
The Spoils Systemp. 463
Jacksonian Democracy and the Southp. 464
Southerners and Indiansp. 464
Indian Removalp. 465
History Through Film: Amistadp. 466
Southerners and the Tariffp. 467
Nullificationp. 468
The "Petticoat Wars"p. 470
The Fall of Calhounp. 471
Petitions, the Gag Rule, and the Southern Mailsp. 472
Jacksonian Democracy and the Market Revolutionp. 474
The Second Bank of the United Statesp. 474
The Bank Warp. 475
The Beginnings of the Whig Partyp. 477
A Balanced Budgetp. 478
The Second American Party Systemp. 479
"Martin Van Ruin"p. 480
The Election of 1840p. 481
Two Partiesp. 483
Conclusionp. 483
Suggested Readingsp. 484
Manifest Destiny: An Empire for Liberty-or Slavery?p. 485
Growth as the American Wayp. 485
Chronologyp. 486
Manifest Destiny and Slaveryp. 487
The Westering Impulsep. 488
The Hispanic Southwestp. 488
The Oregon and California Trailsp. 489
The Mormon Migrationp. 492
The Republic of Texasp. 492
The Annexation Controversyp. 493
Acquisition of Texas and Oregonp. 495
The Mexican Warp. 495
Military Campaigns of 1846p. 496
Military Campaigns of 1847p. 497
Antiwar Sentimentp. 498
The Wilmot Provisop. 500
The Election of 1848p. 501
The Free Soil Partyp. 502
The Gold Rush and California Statehoodp. 503
The Compromise of 1850p. 505
The Senate Debatesp. 505
Passage of the Compromisep. 507
The Fugitive Slave Lawp. 508
The Slave-Catchersp. 509
Uncle Tom's Cabinp. 511
Filibusteringp. 512
The Gray-Eyed Man of Destinyp. 513
Conclusionp. 514
Suggested Readingsp. 515
The Gathering Tempest, 1853-1860p. 516
Kansas and the Rise of the Republican Partyp. 516
Chronologyp. 517
The Kansas-Nebraska Actp. 518
Death of the Whig Partyp. 519
Immigration and Nativismp. 520
Immigrants in Politicsp. 522
The Rise of the Know-Nothingsp. 523
The Decline of Nativismp. 524
Bleeding Kansasp. 525
The Caning of Sumnerp. 527
The Election of 1856p. 528
The Dred Scott Casep. 531
The Lecompton Constitutionp. 532
The Economy in the 1850sp. 533
"The American System of Manufactures"p. 534
The Southern Economyp. 536
The Sovereignty of King Cottonp. 537
Labor Conditions in the Northp. 539
The Panic of 1857p. 540
Sectionalism and the Panicp. 541
The Free-Labor Ideologyp. 542
The Impending Crisisp. 544
Southern Nonslaveholdersp. 544
The Lincoln-Douglas Debatesp. 546
The Freeport Doctrinep. 547
John Brown at Harpers Ferryp. 548
Conclusionp. 550
Suggested Readingsp. 550
Secession and Civil War, 1860-1862p. 552
The Election of 1860p. 552
Chronologyp. 553
The Republicans Nominate Lincolnp. 555
Southern Fearsp. 556
The Lower South Secedesp. 557
Northerners Affirm the Unionp. 558
Compromise Proposalsp. 559
Establishment of the Confederacyp. 560
The Fort Sumter Issuep. 561
Choosing Sidesp. 563
The Border Statesp. 564
The Creation of West Virginiap. 565
Indian Territory and the Southwestp. 566
The Balance Sheet of Warp. 566
Strategy and Moralep. 567
History Through Film: The Red Badge of Couragep. 568
Mobilizing for Warp. 569
Weapons and Tacticsp. 571
Logisticsp. 572
Financing the Warp. 573
Navies, the Blockade, and Foreign Relationsp. 574
King Cotton Diplomacyp. 574
The Trent Affairp. 575
The Confederate Navyp. 576
The Monitor and the Virginiap. 576
Campaigns and Battles, 1861-1862p. 578
The Battle of Bull Runp. 578
Naval Operationsp. 580
Fort Henry and Fort Donelsonp. 580
The Battle of Shilohp. 582
The Virginia Theaterp. 583
The Seven Days' Battlesp. 584
Confederate Counteroffensivesp. 585
The Second Battle of Bull Runp. 585
Conclusionp. 587
Suggested Readingsp. 588
A New Birth of Freedom, 1862-1865p. 589
Slavery and the Warp. 589
Chronologyp. 590
The "Contrabands"p. 591
The Border Statesp. 591
The Decision for Emancipationp. 592
New Calls for Troopsp. 593
The Battle of Antietamp. 594
The Emancipation Proclamationp. 596
A Winter of Discontentp. 597
The Rise of the Copperheadsp. 598
Economic Problems in the Southp. 599
The Wartime Draft and Class Tensionsp. 600
A Poor Man's Fight?p. 602
Blueprint for Modern Americap. 602
Women and the Warp. 603
The Confederate Tide Crests and Recedesp. 604
The Battle of Chancellorsvillep. 604
The Gettysburg Campaignp. 605
The Vicksburg Campaignp. 607
Chickamauga and Chattanoogap. 608
Black Men in Bluep. 610
Black Soldiers in Combatp. 610
Emancipation Confirmedp. 612
The Year of Decisionp. 612
Out of the Wildernessp. 613
Spotsylvania and Cold Harborp. 614
Stalemate in Virginiap. 615
The Atlanta Campaignp. 615
Peace Overturesp. 616
The Prisoner-Exchange Controversyp. 618
The Issue of Black Soldiers in the Confederate Armyp. 619
Lincoln's Reelection and the End of the Confederacyp. 619
The Capture of Atlantap. 619
The Shenandoah Valleyp. 620
From Atlanta to the Seap. 620
The Battles of Franklin and Nashvillep. 621
Fort Fisher and Sherman's March through the Carolinasp. 621
The Road to Appomattoxp. 623
The Assassination of Lincolnp. 624
Conclusionp. 625
Suggested Readingsp. 626
Reconstruction, 1863-1877p. 627
Wartime Reconstructionp. 627
Chronologyp. 628
Radical Republicans and Reconstructionp. 629
Andrew Johnson and Reconstructionp. 630
Johnson's Policyp. 631
Southern Defiancep. 632
The Black Codesp. 633
Land and Labor in the Postwar Southp. 633
The Freedmen's Bureaup. 634
Land for the Landlessp. 634
Educationp. 636
The Advent of Congressional Reconstructionp. 636
Schism between President and Congressp. 636
The 14th Amendmentp. 637
The 1866 Electionsp. 637
The Reconstruction Acts of 1867p. 638
The Impeachment of Andrew Johnsonp. 640
The Completion of Formal Reconstructionp. 640
The 15th Amendmentp. 641
The Election of 1868p. 642
The Grant Administrationp. 643
Civil Service Reformp. 643
Foreign Policy Issuesp. 644
Reconstruction in the Southp. 645
Blacks in Officep. 646
"Carpetbaggers"p. 647
"Scalawags"p. 647
The Ku Klux Klanp. 647
History Through Film: The Birth of a Nationp. 648
The Election of 1872p. 651
The Panic of 1873p. 651
The Retreat from Reconstructionp. 652
The Mississippi Election of 1875p. 652
The Supreme Court and Reconstructionp. 654
The Election of 1876p. 655
Disputed Resultsp. 655
The Compromise of 1877p. 657
The End of Reconstructionp. 657
Conclusionp. 658
Suggested Readingsp. 659
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