Cengage Advantage Books: Liberty, Equality, Power A History of the American People, Volume I: To 1877, Compact

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  • Copyright: 2007-05-24
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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You spoke and Wadsworth, a part of Cengage Learning listened. This Compact Version is part of the Cengage Advantage Books, which offers our Comprehensive texts in a lower-cost format. This black-and-white version of LIBERTY, EQUALITY, POWER includes eight 4-page color map inserts to bring the regions to life. While the compact version includes fewer photos than the Comprehensive version, it offers plenty of resources to make the course visual and exciting for students. In addition, students will have access to the Book Companion Website that offers quizzing, interactive maps, interactive timelines, and simulations.

Table of Contents

Mapsp. xviii
History through Filmp. xix
To the Student: Why Study History?p. xx
Prefacep. xxii
When Old Worlds Collide: Contact, Conquest, Catastrophep. 1
Peoples in Motionp. 1
From Beringia to the Americasp. 1
Chronologyp. 2
The Great Extinction and the Rise of Agriculturep. 3
The Norsemenp. 5
Europe and the World by the 15th Centuryp. 6
China: The Rejection of Overseas Expansionp. 6
Europe versus Islamp. 7
The Legacy of the Crusadesp. 8
The Unlikely Pioneer: Portugalp. 9
Africa, Colonies, and the Slave Tradep. 10
Portugal's Asian Empirep. 13
Early Lessonsp. 13
Spain, Columbus, and the Americasp. 14
Columbusp. 14
Spain and the Caribbeanp. 16
The Emergence of Complex Societies in the Americasp. 17
The Rise of Sedentary Culturesp. 17
The Andes: Cycles of Complex Culturesp. 19
Inca Civilizationp. 21
Mesoamerica: Cycles of Complex Culturesp. 21
The Aztecs and Tenochtitlanp. 25
North American Mound Buildersp. 26
Urban Cultures of the Southwestp. 23
Contact and Cultural Misunderstandingp. 29
Religious Dilemmasp. 29
War as Cultural Misunderstandingp. 31
Gender and Cultural Misunderstandingp. 31
Conquest and Catastrophep. 32
The Conquest of Mexico and Perup. 32
North American Conquistadores and Missionariesp. 34
The Spanish Empire and Demographic Catastrophep. 35
Brazilp. 37
Global Colossus, Global Economyp. 37
Explanations: Patterns of Conquest, Submission, and Resistancep. 39
Conclusionp. 41
The Challenge to Spain and the Settlement of North Americap. 43
The Protestant Reformation and the Challenge to Spainp. 43
Chronologyp. 44
New Francep. 45
Early French Explorersp. 45
Missions and Fursp. 46
New France under Louis XIVp. 47
The Dutch and Swedish Settlementsp. 49
History Through Film Black Robep. 50
The East and West India Companiesp. 51
New Netherland as a Pluralistic Societyp. 52
Swedish and English Encroachmentsp. 52
The Challenge from Elizabethan Englandp. 53
The English Reformationp. 53
Hawkins and Drakep. 54
Gilbert, Ireland, and Americap. 54
Ralegh, Roanoke, and War with Spainp. 55
The Swarming of the Englishp. 56
The Chesapeake and West Indian Coloniesp. 58
The Jamestown Disasterp. 58
Reorganization, Reform, and Crisisp. 59
Tobacco, Servants, and Survivalp. 60
Marylandp. 62
Chesapeake Family Lifep. 63
The West Indies and the Transition to Slaveryp. 65
The Rise of Slavery in North Americap. 66
The New England Coloniesp. 68
The Pilgrims and Plymouthp. 68
Covenant Theologyp. 69
Massachusetts Bayp. 70
Puritan Family Lifep. 71
Conversion, Dissent, and Expansionp. 71
Congregations, Towns, and Colony Governmentsp. 73
Infant Baptism and New Dissentp. 74
The English Civil Warsp. 75
The First Restoration Coloniesp. 76
Carolina, Harrington, and the Aristocratic Idealp. 77
New York: An Experiment in Absolutismp. 79
Brotherly Love: The Quakers and Americap. 82
Quaker Beliefsp. 82
Quaker Familiesp. 84
West New Jerseyp. 84
Pennsylvaniap. 85
Conclusionp. 88
England Discovers Its Colonies: Empire, Liberty, and Expansionp. 90
The Atlantic Prism and the Spectrum of Settlementp. 90
Chronologyp. 91
Demographic Differencesp. 92
Race, Ethnicity, and Economyp. 92
Religion and Educationp. 95
Local and Provincial Governmentsp. 95
Unifying Trends: Language, War, Law, and Inheritancep. 96
The Beginnings of Empirep. 96
Upheaval in America: The Critical 1640sp. 97
Mercantilism as a Moral Revolutionp. 98
The First Navigation Actp. 99
Restoration Navigation Actsp. 100
Indians, Settlers, Upheavalp. 101
Indian Strategies of Survivalp. 101
Puritan Indian Missionsp. 102
Metacom's (or King Philip's) Warp. 104
Virginia's Indian Warp. 106
Bacon's Rebellionp. 107
Crisis in England and the Redefinition of Empirep. 109
The Popish Plot, the Exclusion Crisis, and the Rise of Partyp. 110
The Lords of Trade and Imperial Reformp. 110
The Dominion of New Englandp. 113
The Glorious Revolutionp. 114
The Glorious Revolution in Americap. 114
The English Responsep. 115
The Salem Witch Trialsp. 116
The Completion of Empirep. 117
Imperial Federalismp. 118
The Mixed and Balanced Constitutionp. 119
Contrasting Empires: Spain and France in North Americap. 121
The Pueblo Revoltp. 121
New France and the Middle Groundp. 122
French Louisiana and Spanish Texasp. 124
An Empire of Settlement: The British Coloniesp. 125
The Engine of British Expansion: The Colonial Householdp. 125
The Voluntaristic Ethic and Public Lifep. 127
Three Warring Empires, 1689-1716p. 127
Conclusionp. 130
Provincial America and the Struggle for a Continentp. 133
Expansion versus Anglicizationp. 133
Chronologyp. 134
Threats to Householder Autonomyp. 135
Anglicizing the Role of Womenp. 136
Expansion, Immigration, and Regional Differentiationp. 137
Emergence of the Old Southp. 137
The Mid-Atlantic Colonies: The "Best Poor Man's Country"p. 140
The Backcountryp. 141
New England: A Faltering Economy and Paper Moneyp. 142
Anglicizing Provincial Americap. 144
The World of Printp. 145
The Enlightenment in Americap. 147
Lawyers and Doctorsp. 147
Georgia: The Failure of an Enlightenment Utopiap. 148
The Great Awakeningp. 150
Origins of the Revivalsp. 150
Whitefield Launches the Transatlantic Revivalp. 151
Disruptionsp. 152
Long-Term Consequences of the Revivalsp. 153
New Collegesp. 154
The Denominational Realignmentp. 154
Political Culture in the Coloniesp. 155
The Rise of the Assembly and the Governorp. 155
"Country" Constitutions: The Southern Coloniesp. 156
"Court" Constitutions: The Northern Coloniesp. 157
The Renewal of Imperial Conflictp. 158
Challenges to French Powerp. 158
The Danger of Slave Revolts and War with Spainp. 160
France versus Britain: King George's Warp. 164
The Impending Stormp. 164
The War for North Americap. 157
The Albany Congress and the Onset of Warp. 167
History Through Film the War That Made Americap. 168
Britain's Years of Defeatp. 170
A World Warp. 173
Imperial Tensions: From Loudoun to Pittp. 174
The Years of British Victoryp. 175
The Cherokee War and Spanish Interventionp. 178
The Peace of Parisp. 179
Conclusionp. 179
Reform, Resistance, Revolutionp. 181
Imperial Reformp. 181
From Pitt to Grenvillep. 181
Chronologyp. 182
Indian Policy and Pontiac's Warp. 183
The Sugar Actp. 185
The Currency Act and the Quartering Actp. 186
The Stamp Actp. 186
The Stamp Act Crisisp. 187
Nullificationp. 188
Repealp. 189
The Townshend Crisisp. 191
The Townshend Programp. 192
Resistance: The Politics of Escalationp. 193
An Experiment in Military Coercionp. 195
The Wilkes Crisisp. 196
The Boston Massacrep. 197
Partial Repealp. 198
Disaffectionp. 199
Internal Cleavages: The Contagion of Libertyp. 201
The Feudal Revival and Rural Discontentp. 201
The Regulator Movements in the Carolinasp. 203
Slaves and Womenp. 205
The last Imperial Crisisp. 208
The Tea Crisisp. 208
Britain's Response: The Coercive Actsp. 210
The Radical Explosionp. 210
The First Continental Congressp. 213
Toward Warp. 213
The Improvised Warp. 214
The Second Continental Congressp. 215
War and Legitimacy, 1775-1776p. 217
Independencep. 217
Conclusionp. 219
The Revolutionary Republicp. 221
Chronologyp. 222
Hearts and Minds: The Northern War, 1776-1777p. 222
The British Offensivep. 222
The Trenton-Princeton Campaignp. 224
The Campaigns of 1777 and Foreign Interventionp. 225
The Loss of Philadelphiap. 225
History Through Film Mary Silliman's Warp. 227
Saratogap. 228
French Interventionp. 228
Spanish Expansion and Interventionp. 229
The Reconstitution of Authorityp. 230
John Adams and the Separation of Powersp. 230
The Virginia Constitutionp. 231
The Pennsylvania Constitutionp. 232
Massachusetts Redefines Constitutionalismp. 233
Confederationp. 235
The Crisis of the Revolution, 1779-1783p. 236
The Loyalistsp. 237
Loyalist Refugees, Black and Whitep. 237
The Indian Struggle for Unity and Survivalp. 238
Attritionp. 239
The British Offensive in the Southp. 241
The Partisan Warp. 244
Mutiny and Reformp. 246
From the Ravaging of Virginia to Yorktown and Peacep. 247
A Revolutionary Societyp. 250
Religious Transformationsp. 250
The First Emancipationp. 251
The Challenge to Patriarchyp. 252
Western Expansion, Discontent, and Conflict with Indiansp. 253
The Northwest Ordinancep. 254
A More Perfect Unionp. 256
Commerce, Debt, and Shays's Rebellionp. 257
Cosmopolitans versus Localistsp. 257
The Philadelphia Conventionp. 259
Ratificationp. 261
Conclusionp. 263
Completing the Revolution, 1789-1815p. 265
Establishing the National Governmentp. 265
Chronologyp. 266
The "Republican Court"p. 266
The First Congressp. 257
Hamiltonian Economics: The National Debtp. 268
Hamiltonian Economics: The Bank and the Excisep. 270
The Rise of Oppositionp. 270
Jefferson versus Hamiltonp. 271
The Republic in a World at War, 1793-1797p. 272
Americans and the French Revolutionp. 272
Citizen Genetp. 273
Western Troubles: The Whiskey Rebellionp. 274
Western Troubles: Indiansp. 275
The Jay Treatyp. 275
Washington's Farewellp. 277
The Election of 1796p. 277
Troubles with France, 1796-1800p. 279
The Crisis at Home, 1798-1800p. 280
The Politicians and the Armyp. 281
The Election of 1800p. 282
The Jeffersonians in Powerp. 283
The Republican Programp. 284
Cleansing the Governmentp. 285
The Jeffersonians and the Courtsp. 287
The Impeachments of Pickering and Chasep. 287
Justice Marshall's Courtp. 288
Louisianap. 289
Lewis and Clarkp. 291
The Republic and the Napoleonic Wars, 1804-1815p. 293
The Dilemmas of Neutralityp. 293
Trouble on the High Seasp. 294
Embargop. 295
The Road to Warp. 296
The War Hawk Congress, 1811-1812p. 297
American Strategy in 1812p. 298
The Rise of Tecumsehp. 299
The War with Canada, 1812-1813p. 301
Tecumseh's Last Standp. 301
The British Offensive, 1814p. 303
The Hartford Conventionp. 304
The Treaty of Ghentp. 305
Conclusionp. 305
Northern Transformations, 1790-1850 307
Chronologyp. 308
Postcolonial Society, 1790-1815p. 308
Farmsp. 308
Neighborhoodsp. 311
Standards of Livingp. 312
Inheritancep. 312
The Seaport Citiesp. 313
From Backcountry to Frontier: The Northwestp. 316
The Backcountry, 1790-1815p. 316
Settlementp. 317
The Decline of Patriarchyp. 318
Paternal Power in Declinep. 318
The Alcoholic Republicp. 319
Transportation Revolution, 1815-1860p. 320
Transportation in 1815p. 320
Improvementsp. 321
Time and Moneyp. 323
Markets and Regionsp. 324
Northeastern Farms, 1815-1860p. 325
The Northwestp. 327
Southern Settlersp. 327
Northern Farmersp. 328
Farm Familiesp. 329
Householdsp. 329
Neighborhoodsp. 331
The Beginnings of the Industrial Revolutionp. 332
Factory Towns: The Rhode Island Systemp. 333
Factory Towns: The Waltham Systemp. 334
Citiesp. 335
Metropolitan Industrializationp. 337
History Through Film a Midwife's Talep. 338
Conclusionp. 340
The Old South, 1790-1850p. 341
Old Farms: The Southeastp. 341
The Chesapeake, 1790-1820p. 341
Race, Gender, and Chesapeake Laborp. 342
Chronologyp. 342
Flirting with Emancipationp. 344
The Lowcountry, 1790-1820p. 344
The Task Systemp. 345
New Farms: The Rise of the Deep Southp. 346
The Rise of the Cotton Beltp. 346
The Interstate Slave Tradep. 348
Cotton and Slave Laborp. 350
Mastery as a Way of Lifep. 353
Southern Familiesp. 354
The Southern Yeomanryp. 355
Yeomen and Plantersp. 355
Yeoman Neighborhoodsp. 357
The Private Lives of Slavesp. 359
Slave Familiesp. 359
The Slave Trade and the Slave Familyp. 361
The Beginnings of African American Christianity in the Chesapeakep. 362
Slave Theologyp. 363
Religion and Revoltp. 364
Gabriel's Rebellionp. 365
Denmark Veseyp. 366
Nat Turnerp. 367
A Balance Sheet: The Plantation and Southern Growthp. 368
History Through Film Belovedp. 369
Conclusionp. 371
Toward an American Culturep. 373
The Democratization of Culturep. 373
Chronologyp. 374
A Revolution in Printp. 374
The Northern Middle Classp. 375
A New Middle Classp. 376
The Evangelical Basep. 376
Domesticityp. 378
Sentimentalityp. 379
The Plain People of the Northp. 381
The Decline of the Established Churchesp. 381
The Rise of the Democratic Sectsp. 382
The Providential Worldviewp. 384
Popular Millennialismp. 385
Family and Societyp. 387
The Prophet Joseph Smithp. 387
A New Popular Culturep. 388
Blood Sportsp. 389
Boxingp. 390
An American Theaterp. 391
Minstrelsyp. 392
Novels and the Penny Pressp. 393
Family, Church, and Neighborhood: The White Southp. 395
The Beginnings of the Bible Beltp. 396
Slavery and Southern Evangelicalsp. 397
Gender, Power, and the Evangelicalsp. 397
Religious Conservatismp. 398
Pro-Slavery Christianityp. 399
The Mission to the Slavesp. 400
Southern Entertainmentsp. 401
Racep. 402
Free Blacksp. 402
The Beginnings of Modern Racismp. 404
Citizenshipp. 407
Conclusionp. 409
Democrats and Whigsp. 411
The American Systemp. 411
Chronologyp. 412
National Republicansp. 413
Commerce and the Lawp. 415
1819p. 417
The Argument over Missourip. 417
The Missouri Compromisep. 418
The Panic of 1819p. 419
Republican Revivalp. 420
Martin Van Buren Leads the Wayp. 420
The Election of 1824p. 421
"A Corrupt Bargain"p. 422
Jacksonian Melodramap. 424
Adams versus Jacksonp. 425
Nationalism in an International Arenap. 425
Nationalism at Homep. 425
The Birth of the Democratic Partyp. 426
The Election of 1828p. 427
A People's Inaugurationp. 428
The Spoils Systemp. 429
Jacksonian Democracy and the Southp. 430
History Through Film Amistadp. 431
Southerners and Indiansp. 432
Indian Removalp. 432
Southerners and the Tariffp. 433
Nullificationp. 434
The "Petticoat Wars"p. 436
The Fall of Calhounp. 438
Petitions, the Gag Rule, and the Southern Mailsp. 438
Jacksonian Democracy and the Market Revolutionp. 440
The Second Bank of the United Statesp. 441
The Bank Warp. 441
The Beginnings of the Whig Partyp. 443
A Balanced Budgetp. 444
The Second American Party Systemp. 446
"Martin Van Ruin"p. 446
The Election of 1840p. 448
Two Partiesp. 449
Conclusionp. 451
Whigs, Democrats, and the Shaping of Societyp. 453
Constituenciesp. 453
The North and Westp. 454
Chronologyp. 454
The Southp. 456
The Politics of Economic Developmentp. 457
Government and Its Limitsp. 457
Banksp. 458
Internal Improvementsp. 460
The Politics of Social Reformp. 461
Public Schoolsp. 462
Ethnicity, Religion, and the Schoolsp. 463
Prisonsp. 464
Asylumsp. 465
The South and Social Reformp. 465
Excursus: The Politics of Alcoholp. 467
Ardent Spiritsp. 467
The Origins of Prohibitionp. 469
The Democratization of Temperancep. 470
Temperance Schismsp. 471
Ethnicity and Alcoholp. 472
The Politics of Racep. 473
Democratic Racismp. 474
Abolitionistsp. 475
Agitationp. 477
The Politics of Gender and Sexp. 477
Appetitesp. 478
Moral Reformp. 479
Women's Rightsp. 480
Conclusionp. 482
Manifest Destiny: An Empire for Liberty-or Slavery?p. 485
Growth as the American Wayp. 485
Chronologyp. 486
Manifest Destiny and Slaveryp. 487
The Westering Impulsep. 487
The Hispanic Southwestp. 488
The Oregon and California Trailsp. 488
The Mormon Migrationp. 490
The Republic of Texasp. 492
The Annexation Controversyp. 493
Acquisition of Texas and Oregonp. 494
The Mexican Warp. 495
Military Campaigns of 1846p. 496
Military Campaigns of 1847p. 497
Antiwar Sentimentp. 498
The Wilmot Provisop. 499
The Election of 1848p. 501
The Free Soil Partyp. 502
The Gold Rush and California Statehoodp. 502
The Compromise of 1850p. 505
The Senate Debatesp. 505
Passage of the Compromisep. 507
The Fugitive Slave Lawp. 508
The Slave-Catchersp. 509
Uncle Tom's Cabinp. 511
Filibusteringp. 512
The Gray-Eyed Man of Destinyp. 513
Conclusionp. 514
The Gathering Tempest, 1853-1860p. 517
Kansas and the Rise of the Republican Partyp. 517
Chronologyp. 518
The Kansas-Nebraska Actp. 519
Death of the Whig Partyp. 520
Immigration and Nativismp. 521
Immigrants in Politicsp. 523
The Rise of the Know-Nothingsp. 524
The Decline of Nativismp. 526
Bleeding Kansasp. 527
The Caning of Summerp. 528
The Election of 1856p. 530
The Dred Scott Casep. 533
The Lecompton Constitutionp. 534
The Economy in the 1850sp. 535
"The American System of Manufactures"p. 536
The Southern Economyp. 538
The Sovereignty of King Cottonp. 539
Labor Conditions in the Northp. 540
The Panic of 1857p. 542
Sectionalism and the Panicp. 544
The Free-Labor Ideologyp. 545
The Impending Crisisp. 546
Southern Nonslaveholdersp. 547
The Lincoln-Douglas Debatesp. 548
The Freeport Doctrinep. 550
John Brown at Harpers Ferryp. 551
Conclusionp. 552
Secession and Civil War, 1860-1862p. 555
The Election of 1860p. 555
Chronologyp. 556
The Republicans Nominate Lincolnp. 557
Southern Fearsp. 558
The Lower South Secedesp. 559
Northerners Affirm the Unionp. 560
Compromise Proposalsp. 561
Establishment of the Confederacyp. 562
The Fort Sumter Issuep. 563
Choosing Sidesp. 565
The Border Statesp. 566
The Creation of West Virginiap. 567
Indian Territory and the Southwestp. 568
The Balance Sheet of Warp. 568
Strategy and Moralep. 569
History Through Film the Red Badge of Couragep. 570
Mobilizing for Warp. 571
Weapons and Tacticsp. 573
Logisticsp. 573
Financing the Warp. 574
Navies, the Blockade, and Foreign Relationsp. 575
King Cotton Diplomacyp. 576
The Trent Affairp. 577
The Confederate Navyp. 577
The Monitor and the Virginiap. 577
Campaigns and Battles, 1861-1862p. 578
The Battle of Bull Runp. 580
Naval Operationsp. 581
Fort Henry and Fort Donelsonp. 581
The Battle of Shilohp. 582
The Virginia Theaterp. 584
The Seven Days' Battlesp. 585
Confederate Counteroffensivesp. 586
The Second Battle of Bull Runp. 586
Conclusionp. 588
A New Birth of Freedom, 1862-1865p. 590
Slavery and the Warp. 590
Chronologyp. 591
The "Contrabands"p. 592
The Border Statesp. 592
The Decision for Emancipationp. 593
New Calls for Troopsp. 594
The Battle of Antietamp. 595
The Emancipation Proclamationp. 596
A Winter of Discontentp. 597
The Rise of the Copperheadsp. 599
Economic Problems in the Southp. 599
The Wartime Draft and Class Tensionsp. 600
A Poor Man's Fight?p. 602
Blueprint for Modern Americap. 602
Women and the Warp. 603
The Confederate Tide Crests and Recedesp. 604
The Battle of Chancellorsvillep. 604
The Gettysburg Campaignp. 605
The Vicksburg Campaignp. 606
Chickamauga and Chattanoogap. 607
Black Men in Bluep. 609
Black Soldiers in Combatp. 610
Emancipation Confirmedp. 611
The Year of Decisionp. 612
Out of the Wildernessp. 612
Spotsylvania and Cold Harborp. 613
Stalemate in Virginiap. 614
The Atlanta Campaignp. 615
Peace Overturesp. 616
The Prisoner-Exchange Controversyp. 617
The Issue of Black Soldiers in the Confederate Armyp. 618
Lincoln's Reelection and the End of the Confederacyp. 619
The Capture of Atlantap. 619
The Shenandoah Valleyp. 619
From Atlanta to the Seap. 620
The Battles of Franklin and Nashvillep. 621
Fort Fisher and Sherman's March through the Carolinasp. 621
The Road to Appomattoxp. 622
The Assassination of Lincolnp. 623
Conclusionp. 623
Reconstruction, 1863-1877p. 625
Wartime Reconstructionp. 625
Chronologyp. 626
Radical Republicans and Reconstructionp. 627
Andrew Johnson and Reconstructionp. 628
Johnson's Policyp. 629
Southern Defiancep. 630
The Black Codesp. 631
Land and Labor in the Postwar Southp. 631
The Freedmen's Bureaup. 632
Land for the Landlessp. 632
Educationp. 634
The Advent of Congressional Reconstructionp. 634
Schism between President and Congressp. 635
The 14th Amendmentp. 635
The 1866 Electionsp. 636
The Reconstruction Acts of 1867p. 636
The Impeachment of Andrew Johnsonp. 638
The Completion of Formal Reconstructionp. 639
The 15th Amendmentp. 640
The Election of 1868p. 640
The Grant Administrationp. 641
Civil Service Reformp. 642
Foreign Policy Issuesp. 643
Reconstruction in the Southp. 644
Blacks in Officep. 644
"Carpetbaggers"p. 645
"Scalawags"p. 646
The Ku Klux Klanp. 646
History Through Film the Birth of a Nationp. 648
The Election of 1872p. 648
The Panic of 1873p. 650
The Retreat from Reconstructionp. 650
The Mississippi Election of 1875p. 652
The Supreme Court and Reconstructionp. 653
The Election of 1876p. 653
Disputed Resultsp. 654
The Compromise of 1877p. 655
The End of Reconstructionp. 656
Conclusionp. 656
Appendixp. A-1
Glossaryp. G-1
Creditsp. C-1
Indexp. I-1
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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