Cengage Advantage Books: Liberty, Equality, Power A History of the American People, Volume II: Since 1863, Compact

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  • Edition: 5th
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  • Copyright: 2007-05-24
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You spoke and Wadsworth, a part of Cengage Learning listened. This Compact Version is part of the Cengage Advantage Books, which offers our Comprehensive texts in a lower-cost format. This black-and-white version of LIBERTY, EQUALITY, POWER includes eight 4-page color map inserts to bring the regions to life. While the compact version includes fewer photos than the Comprehensive version, it offers plenty of resources to make the course visual and exciting for students. In addition, students will have access to the Book Companion Website that offers quizzing, interactive maps, interactive timelines, and simulations.

Table of Contents

Mapsp. xvii
History through filmp. xvii
To the Student: Why Study History?p. xix
Prefacep. xxi
Reconstruction, 1863-1877p. 625
Wartime Reconstructionp. 625
Chronologyp. 626
Radical Republicans and Reconstructionp. 627
Andrew Johnson and Reconstructionp. 628
Johnson's Policyp. 629
Southern Defiancep. 630
The Black Codesp. 631
Land and Labor in the Postwar Southp. 631
The Freedmen's Bureaup. 632
Land for the Landlessp. 632
Educationp. 634
The Advent of Congressional Reconstructionp. 634
Schism between President and Congressp. 635
The 14th Amendmentp. 635
The 1866 Electionsp. 636
The Reconstruction Acts of 1867p. 636
The Impeachment of Andrew Johnsonp. 638
The Completion of Formal Reconstructionp. 539
The 15th Amendmentp. 640
The Election of 1868p. 640
The Grant Administrationp. 641
Civil Service Reformp. 642
Foreign Policy Issuesp. 643
Reconstruction in the Southp. 644
Blacks in Officep. 644
"Carpetbaggers"p. 645
"Scalawags"p. 646
The Ku Klux Klanp. 646
History Through Film The Birth of a Nationp. 648
The Election of 1872p. 648
The Panic of 1873p. 650
The Retreat from Reconstructionp. 650
The Mississippi Election of 1875p. 652
The Supreme Court and Reconstructionp. 653
The Election of 1876p. 653
Disputed Resultsp. 654
The Compromise of 1877p. 655
The End of Reconstructionp. 656
Conclusionp. 656
A Transformed Nation: The West and the New South, 1865-1900p. 659
The Homestead Actp. 659
Chronologyp. 660
An Industrializing Westp. 661
Railroadsp. 662
Chinese Laborers and the Railroadsp. 663
The Golden Spikep. 664
Railroads and Borderlands Communitiesp. 665
Miningp. 666
Ranchingp. 667
History Through Film Oklahoma!p. 668
Cattle Drives and the Open Rangep. 668
The industrialization of Ranchingp. 671
Industrial Cowboysp. 671
Mexican Americansp. 671
Itinerant Laborersp. 672
Homesteading and Farmingp. 673
The Experience of Homesteadingp. 673
Gender and Western Settlementp. 675
Conquest and Resistance: American Indians in the Trans-Mississippi Westp. 675
Conflict with the Siouxp. 676
Suppression of Other Plains Indiansp. 677
The "Peace Policy"p. 678
The Dawes Severalty Act and Indian Boarding Schoolsp. 679
The Ghost Dancep. 680
Sitting Bull and Buffalo Bill: Popular Myths of the Westp. 680
Industrialization and the New Southp. 682
Race and Industrializationp. 683
Southern Agriculturep. 683
Exodusters and Emigrationistsp. 684
Race Relations in the New Southp. 685
The Emergence of an African American Middle Classp. 686
The Rise of Jim Crowp. 686
The Politics of Stalematep. 689
Knife-Edge Electoral Balancep. 689
Civil Service Reformp. 690
The Tariff Issuep. 692
Conclusionp. 692
The Emergence of Corporate America, 1865-1900p. 695
Chronologyp. 696
An Expansive and Volatile Economyp. 697
Engines of Economic Growthp. 698
Technological Innovation and Celebrations of the Machinep. 699
Changes in Business Organization and Practicep. 700
Wealth and Societyp. 703
Class Distinction and Cultural Hierarchyp. 704
The Consolidation of Middle-class Culturep. 704
White-Collar Workersp. 705
The Middle-class Homep. 706
Department Stores as Middle-class Communities of Tastep. 706
Domesticity vs. Workp. 707
The Women's Club Movement and Public Livesp. 708
The New Womanp. 708
Higher Education and Professional Organizationsp. 709
Middle-class Cultural Institutionsp. 709
Racial Hierarchy and the City: The 1893 Columbian Exhibitionp. 711
The City and Working-class Culturep. 713
Working-class Women and Menp. 713
Commercial Amusementsp. 713
Popular Literaturep. 714
Emergence of a National Culturep. 715
Advertisingp. 715
A Shared Visual Culturep. 716
Mail-order Cataloguesp. 717
Workers' Resistance to the New Corporate Orderp. 718
The Great Railroad Strike of 1877p. 719
The Knights of Laborp. 719
Haymarketp. 720
The Homestead Strikep. 721
The Depression of 1893-1897p. 722
The Pullman Strikep. 723
Farmers' Movementsp. 724
Resistance to Railroadsp. 724
Credit and Moneyp. 726
The Greenback and Silver Movementsp. 727
Grangers and the Farmers' Alliancep. 728
The Rise and Fall of the People's Partyp. 729
The Silver Issuep. 730
The Election of 1896p. 731
Conclusionp. 732
An Industrial Society, 1900-1920p. 735
Chronologyp. 736
Sources of Economic Growthp. 736
Technologyp. 737
Corporate Growthp. 738
Mass Production and Distributionp. 738
Corporate Consolidationp. 739
Revolution in Managementp. 740
Scientific Management on the Factory Floorp. 741
"Robber Barons" No Morep. 744
Obsession with Physical and Racial Fitnessp. 745
Immigrationp. 746
European Immigrationp. 747
Chinese and Japanese Immigrationp. 749
Immigrant Laborp. 751
Living Conditionsp. 753
Building Ethnic Communitiesp. 754
A Network of Institutionsp. 754
The Emergence of an Ethnic Middle Classp. 754
Political Machines and Organized Crimep. 756
African American Labor and Communityp. 758
History Through Film The Jazz Singerp. 760
Workers and Unionsp. 762
Samuel F. Gompers and the AFLp. 762
"Big Bill" Haywood and the IWWp. 754
The Joys of the Cityp. 766
The New Sexuality and the Rise of Feminismp. 767
Feminismp. 767
Conclusionp. 769
Progressivismp. 771
Progressivism and the Protestant Spiritp. 771
Chronologyp. 772
Muckrakers, Magazines, and the Turn toward "Realism"p. 773
Settlement Houses and Women's Activismp. 775
Hull Housep. 776
The Cultural Conservatism of Progressive Reformersp. 778
A Nation of Clubwomenp. 780
Socialism and Progressivismp. 781
The Many Faces of Socialismp. 781
Socialists and Progressivesp. 782
Municipal Reformp. 783
The City Commission Planp. 783
The City Manager Planp. 783
The Costs of Reformp. 784
Political Reform in the Statesp. 784
Restoring Sovereignty to "the People"p. 785
Creating a Virtuous Electoratep. 785
The Australian Ballotp. 785
Personal Registration Lawsp. 786
Disenfranchisementp. 786
Disillusionment with the Electoratep. 788
Woman Suffragep. 788
Economic and Social Reform in the Statesp. 789
Robert La Follette and Wisconsin Progressivismp. 790
Progressive Reform in New Yorkp. 791
A Renewed Campaign for Civil Rightsp. 792
The Failure of Accommodationismp. 792
From the Niagara Movement to the NAACPp. 793
National Reformp. 795
The Roosevelt Presidencyp. 796
Regulating the Trustsp. 796
Toward a "Square Deal"p. 797
Expanding Government Power: The Economyp. 797
Expanding Government Power: The Environmentp. 797
Progressivism: A Movement for the People?p. 799
The Republicans: A Divided Partyp. 799
The Taft Presidencyp. 800
Battling Congressp. 800
The Ballinger-Pinchot Controversyp. 800
Roosevelt's Returnp. 801
The Bull Moose Campaignp. 802
The Rise of Woodrow Wilsonp. 802
The Election of 1912p. 803
The Wilson Presidencyp. 804
Tariff Reform and a Progressive Income Taxp. 804
The Federal Reserve Actp. 804
From the New Freedom to the New Nationalismp. 805
Conclusionp. 807
Becoming a World Power, 1898-1917p. 809
Chronologyp. 810
The United States Looks Abroadp. 810
Protestant Missionariesp. 810
Businessmenp. 811
Imperialistsp. 812
The Spanish-American Warp. 814
"A Splendid Little War"p. 817
The United States Becomes a World Powerp. 821
The Debate over the Treaty of Parisp. 822
The American-Filipino Warp. 823
Controlling Cuba and Puerto Ricop. 824
China and the "Open Door"p. 826
Theodore Roosevelt, Geopoliticianp. 828
The Roosevelt Corollaryp. 829
The Panama Canalp. 829
Keeping the Peace in East Asiap. 832
William Howard Taft, Dollar Diplomatp. 834
Woodrow Wilson, Struggling Idealistp. 835
Conclusionp. 837
War and Society, 1914-1920p. 839
Europe's Descent into Warp. 840
Chronologyp. 840
American Neutralityp. 842
Submarine Warfarep. 843
The Peace Movementp. 845
Wilson's Vision: "Peace without Victory"p. 845
German Escalationp. 847
American Interventionp. 848
Mobilizing for "Total" Warp. 850
Organizing Industryp. 851
Securing Workers, Keeping Labor Peacep. 852
Raising an Armyp. 853
Paying the Billsp. 856
Arousing Patriotic Ardorp. 856
Wartime Repressionp. 857
The Failure of the International Peacep. 861
The Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versaillesp. 861
The League of Nationsp. 862
Wilson versus Lodge: The Fight over Ratificationp. 864
The Treaty's Final Defeatp. 866
The Postwar Period: A Society in Convulsionp. 867
Labor-Capital Conflictp. 867
Radicals and the Red Scarep. 868
History Through Film Redsp. 870
Racial Conflict and the Rise of Black Nationalismp. 871
Conclusionp. 873
The 1920sp. 875
Prosperityp. 875
Chronologyp. 876
A Consumer Societyp. 877
A People's Capitalismp. 878
The Rise of Advertising and Mass Marketingp. 878
Changing Attitudes toward Marriage and Sexualityp. 881
An Age of Celebrityp. 881
Celebrating Business Civilisationp. 882
Industrial Workersp. 883
Women and Workp. 885
The Women's Movement Adriftp. 887
The Politics of Businessp. 888
Harding and the Politics of Personal Gainp. 888
Coolidge and Laissez-Faire Politicsp. 890
Hoover and the Politics of Associationalismp. 891
The Politics of Business Abroadp. 892
Farmers, Small-Town Protestants, and Moral Traditionalistsp. 893
Agricultural Depressionp. 894
Cultural Dislocationp. 895
Prohibitionp. 897
The Ku Klux Klanp. 897
Immigration Restrictionp. 898
Fundamentalism versus Liberal Protestantismp. 900
The Scopes Trialp. 901
History Through Film Inherit the Windp. 902
Ethnic and Racial Communitiesp. 904
European American Ethnicsp. 905
African Americansp. 907
The Harlem Renaissancep. 910
Mexican Americansp. 911
The "Lost Generation" and Disillusioned Intellectualsp. 914
Democracy on the Defensivep. 915
Conclusionp. 916
The Great Depression and the New Deal, 1929-1939p. 919
Chronologyp. 920
Causes of the Great Depressionp. 920
Stock Market Speculationp. 921
Mistakes by the Federal Reserve Boardp. 921
An Ill-Advised Tariffp. 921
A Maldistribution of Wealthp. 922
Hoover: The Fall of a Self-Made Manp. 923
Hoover's Programp. 924
The Bonus Armyp. 925
A Culture in Crisisp. 926
The Democratic Rooseveltp. 928
An Early Life of Privilegep. 928
Roosevelt Liberalismp. 929
The First New Deal, 1933-1935p. 929
Saving the Banksp. 932
Economic Reliefp. 932
Agricultural Reformp. 933
Industrial Reformp. 935
Rebuilding the Nation's Infrastructurep. 937
The TVA Alternativep. 937
The New Deal and Western Developmentp. 938
Political Mobilization, Political Unrest, 1934-1935p. 940
Populist Critics of the New Dealp. 941
Labor Protestsp. 942
Anger at the Pollsp. 943
Radical Third Partiesp. 943
The Second New Deal, 1935-1937p. 944
Philosophical Underpinningsp. 944
Legislationp. 945
Victory in 1936: The New Democratic Coalitionp. 945
Rhetoric Versus Realityp. 947
Men, Women, and Reformp. 948
Labor in Politics and Culturep. 952
America's Minorities and the New Dealp. 954
Eastern and Southern European Ethnicsp. 954
African Americansp. 954
Mexican Americansp. 955
American Indiansp. 956
The New Deal Abroadp. 957
Stalemate, 1937-1940p. 959
The Court-Packing Fiascop. 959
The Recession of 1937-1938p. 960
Conclusionp. 960
America during the Second World Warp. 963
The Road to War: Aggression and Responsep. 963
Chronologyp. 964
The Rise of Aggressor Statesp. 964
U.S. Neutralityp. 965
The Mounting Crisisp. 956
The Outbreak of War in Europep. 967
The U.S. Response to War in Europep. 968
An "Arsenal of Democracy"p. 972
Pearl Harborp. 973
Fighting the War in Europep. 974
Campaigns in North Africa and Italyp. 976
Operation Overlordp. 977
The Pacific Theaterp. 979
Seizing the Offensive in the Pacificp. 979
China Policyp. 980
U.S. Strategy in the Pacificp. 980
A New President, the Atomic Bomb, and Japan's Surrenderp. 982
The War at Home: The Economyp. 985
Government's Role in the Economyp. 986
Business and Financep. 986
The Workforcep. 988
The Labor Frontp. 990
Assessing Economic Changep. 991
A New Role for Government?p. 991
The War at Home: Social Issues and Social Movementsp. 992
Selling the Warp. 992
History Through Film Casablancap. 994
Gender Issuesp. 996
Racial Issuesp. 998
Social Movementsp. 1001
Shaping the Peacep. 1003
International Organizationsp. 1004
Spheres of Interest and Postwar Settlementsp. 1005
Conclusionp. 1007
The Age of Containment, 1946-1953p. 1009
Creating a National Security State, 1945-1949p. 1009
Chronologyp. 1010
Onset of the Cold Warp. 1010
Containment Abroad: The Truman Doctrinep. 1012
Truman's Loyalty Programp. 1013
The National Security Act, the Marshall Plan, and the Berlin Crisisp. 1014
The Election of 1948p. 1016
The Era of the Korean War, 1949-1952p. 1018
NATO, China, and the Bombp. 1018
NSC-68p. 1019
The Korean Warp. 1020
Korea and Containmentp. 1022
Pursuing National Security at Homep. 1025
Anticommunism and the U.S. Labor Movementp. 1025
HUAC and the Search for Subversivesp. 1026
Targeting Differencep. 1029
The "Great Fear"p. 1030
McCarthyismp. 1032
The National Security Constitutionp. 1033
Truman's Fair Dealp. 1034
The Employment Act of 1946 and the Promise of Economic Growthp. 1034
Shaping the Fair Dealp. 1036
Civil Rightsp. 1038
Signs of a Changing Culturep. 1040
The Baseball "Color Line"p. 1040
New Suburban Developmentsp. 1042
Postwar Hollywoodp. 1044
From Truman to Eisenhowerp. 1046
The Election of 1952p. 1047
A Soldier-Politicianp. 1047
Conclusionp. 1048
Affluence and Its Discontents, 1953-1963p. 1051
Foreign Policy, 1953-1960p. 1051
Eisenhower Takes Commandp. 1051
Chronologyp. 1052
The New Look, Global Alliances, and Summitryp. 1054
Covert Action and Economic Leveragep. 1056
The United States and Third World Politics, 1953-1960p. 1057
Latin Americap. 1057
The Middle East, Asia, and Africap. 1058
Vietnamp. 1059
Affluence: A "People of Plenty"p. 1060
Economic Growthp. 1061
Highways and Waterwaysp. 1063
Labor-Management Accordp. 1064
Political Pluralismp. 1066
A Religious Peoplep. 1066
Discontents of Affluencep. 1068
Conformity in an Affluent Societyp. 1069
Restive Youthp. 1070
The Mass Culture Debatep. 1072
Changing Gender Politicsp. 1073
The New Suburbs and Gender Idealsp. 1073
Signs of Women's Changing Rolesp. 1075
The Fight against Discrimination, 1953-1960p. 1076
The Brown Cases, 1954-1955p. 1076
The Montgomery Bus Boycott and Martin Luther King, Jr.p. 1079
The Politics of Civil Rights: From the Local to the Globalp. 1080
American Indian Policyp. 1082
The Growth of Spanish-Speaking Populationsp. 1083
Urban-Suburban Issuesp. 1085
Debating the Role of Government, 1955-1960p. 1086
The New Conservativesp. 1086
Advocates of a More Active Governmentp. 1088
The Kennedy Years: Foreign Policyp. 1091
The Election of 1960p. 1091
Kennedy's Foreign Policy Goalsp. 1093
Cuba and Berlinp. 1093
Southeast Asia and "Flexible Response"p. 1095
The Kennedy Years: Domestic Policyp. 1096
Policy Making During the Early 1960sp. 1097
The Civil-Rights Movement, 1960-1963p. 1097
Women's Issuesp. 1099
The Assassination of John F. Kennedyp. 1100
Conclusionp. 1100
America during Its Longest War, 1963-1974p. 1103
The Great Societyp. 1103
Chronologyp. 1104
Closing the New Frontierp. 1105
The Election of 1964p. 1107
Lyndon Johnson's Great Societyp. 1109
Evaluating the Great Societyp. 1110
Escalation in Vietnamp. 1112
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolutionp. 1112
The War Continues to Widenp. 1114
The Media and the Warp. 1117
The War at Homep. 1118
The Movement of Movementsp. 1118
Movements on College Campuses: A New Leftp. 1120
The Counterculturep. 1122
African American Social Movementsp. 1124
History Through Film Malcolm Xp. 1124
The Antiwar Movementp. 1129
1968p. 1132
Turmoil in Vietnamp. 1132
Turmoil at Homep. 1133
The Election of 1968p. 1135
The Nixon Years, 1969-1974p. 1136
Lawbreaking and Violencep. 1135
A New Presidentp. 1137
The Economyp. 1137
Social Policyp. 1138
Environmentalismp. 1140
Controversies over Rightsp. 1140
Foreign Policy under Nixon and Kissingerp. 1143
Detente and Normalizationp. 1144
Vietnamizationp. 1144
The Aftermath of Warp. 1146
Expanding the Nixon Doctrinep. 1147
The Wars of Watergatep. 1148
The Election of 1972p. 1149
Nixon Pursuedp. 1150
Nixon's Final Daysp. 1151
Conclusionp. 1152
Power and Politics, 1974-1992p. 1155
The Caretaker Presidency of Gerald Ford (1974-1977)p. 1155
Chronologyp. 1156
Trying to Whip Inflationp. 1157
Foreign Policyp. 1157
The Election of 1976p. 1158
Jimmy Carter's One-Term Presidency (1977-1981)p. 1158
Welfare and Energy Initiativesp. 1159
A Faltering Economyp. 1160
Negotiating Disputes Overseasp. 1161
Campaigning for Human Rights Abroadp. 1161
Confronting Problems in Iran and Afghanistanp. 1162
A New Rightp. 1163
Ronald Reagan (1981-1989)p. 1165
The Election of 1980p. 1166
A "New Morning in America"p. 1167
Taxes, Supply-Side Economics, and the "Reagan Revolution"p. 1168
Cutting Regulations and Welfare Measuresp. 1170
Routing the Democrats, 1984p. 1172
Reagan's Second Termp. 1173
History Through Film the First Moviestar Presidentp. 1174
Renewing the Cold Warp. 1176
The Defense Buildupp. 1176
Deploying Military Powerp. 1177
The Iran-Contra Controversyp. 1178
The Beginning of the End of the Cold Warp. 1179
The First Bush Presidency (1989-1993)p. 1180
The Election of 1988p. 1180
The End of the Cold Warp. 1181
The Persian Gulf Warp. 1183
The Election of 1992p. 1184
Movement Activismp. 1185
Women's Issuesp. 1187
Sexual Politicsp. 1189
Race, Ethnicity, and Social Activismp. 1191
Activism Among African Americansp. 1192
Activism Among American Indiansp. 1193
Activism in Spanish-Speaking Communitiesp. 1195
Activism Among Asian Americansp. 1198
The Dilemmas of Antidiscrimination Effortsp. 1199
Conclusionp. 1201
Economic, Social, and Cultural Change in the Late 20th Centuryp. 1203
A Changing Peoplep. 1203
An Aging, Shifting Populationp. 1203
Chronologyp. 1204
New Immigrationp. 1206
The Metropolitan Nationp. 1209
Economic Changep. 1211
New Technologiesp. 1211
Big Businessp. 1212
Postindustrial Restructuringp. 1213
The Sports-Entertainment Complexp. 1216
Media and Popular Culturep. 1219
The Video Revolutionp. 1219
The "New Hollywood"p. 1220
The Changing Media Environmentp. 1222
The New Mass Culture Debatep. 1223
Another "Great Awakening"p. 1225
Conclusionp. 1229
Politics of Hope and Fear, 1993-2007p. 1231
The Presidency of Bill Clinton (1993-2001)p. 1231
Clinton's First Two Yearsp. 1232
Chronologyp. 1232
A Republican Congress, a Democratic White Housep. 1233
Victory and Impeachmentp. 1235
Environmental Policyp. 1237
Post-Cold War Foreign Policyp. 1238
Globalizationp. 1240
The Presidency of George W. Bush (2001-2007)p. 1241
The Long Electionp. 1241
A Conservative Domestic Agendap. 1243
Foreign Policy Changes Coursep. 1244
Activism at Home during the Second Termp. 1249
The Politics of National Security during the Second Termp. 1253
Conclusionp. 1257
Appendixp. A-1
Glossaryp. G-1
Creditsp. C-1
Indexp. I-1
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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