The Literature Review; Six Steps to Success

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-07-10
  • Publisher: Corwin Pr
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"Machi and McEvoy have crafted a guide that is absolutely elegant in its simplicity. The writers take the reader from the simple to the complex in an extremely well-written, logical sequence of bite-sized steps. This is the most useful guide to writing a literature review available anywhere." -Leonard O. Pellicer, Distinguished Professor Emeritus University of South Carolina A clear, understandable six-step method for a straightforward literature review process! Written in user-friendly language, this compact reference offers master's and doctoral-level students in education and the social sciences a roadmap to developing and writing an effective literature review for a research project, thesis, or dissertation. Organized around a comprehensive and detailed six-step developmental model, the book provides guided exercises, graphics, charts, and examples from the everyday experiences of researchers. Both novice and experienced graduate students will find invaluable assistance for: Selecting a topic Searching the literature Developing arguments Surveying the literature Critiquing the literature Writing the literature reviewWith additional tips, checklists, and summaries tucked into each chapter, this guide provides clear, focused direction for composing a first-rate literature review.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Audiencep. ix
Special Features and Text Organizationp. x
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
About the Authorsp. xv
Introduction: The Literature Review Process-Getting Startedp. 1
The Purpose of a Literature Reviewp. 2
The Literature Review Definedp. 4
The Literature Review Processp. 4
Select a Topicp. 4
Search the Literaturep. 5
Develop the Argumentp. 5
Survey the Literaturep. 6
Critique the Literaturep. 6
Write the Reviewp. 6
Inquiry: The Necessary Preconditionp. 6
Pack Wisely Before You Beginp. 8
Tipsp. 10
Summaryp. 10
Checklistp. 11
Select a Topicp. 13
Choose a Research Interestp. 16
Exercisesp. 18
Researcher Biasp. 19
Select a Research Interest From the Everyday Interestp. 20
Specifying a Research Interestp. 21
Focusing the Interestp. 22
Selecting a Perspectivep. 22
Reflection: The Key to Interest Selectionp. 23
Use the Research Interest to Choose the Research Topicp. 26
Visit the Libraryp. 30
Tipsp. 32
Summaryp. 32
Checklistp. 33
Search the Literaturep. 35
Discover the Literature to Reviewp. 36
Conduct a Literature Searchp. 37
Scan the Literaturep. 39
Use the Internetp. 42
Manage Your Datap. 44
Bibliographic Documentationp. 44
Scan Progressp. 45
Skim the Literaturep. 46
Map Your Materialsp. 48
Mapping by Core Ideap. 49
Mapping by Author Contributionp. 50
Refine Your Topicp. 53
Expand Your Topicp. 55
Tipsp. 56
Summaryp. 56
Checklistp. 57
Develop the Argumentp. 59
Build the Case for a Literature Reviewp. 60
Argumentsp. 62
Evaluate the Basic Parts of an Argumentp. 62
Claimsp. 65
Claimsp. 65
Evidencep. 70
Warrantp. 74
Multiple Claims Argumentsp. 76
Tipsp. 78
Summaryp. 78
Checklistp. 79
Survey the Literaturep. 81
Assemble the Collected Datap. 82
Assembling the Datap. 82
Recording the Datap. 83
Synthesize the Informationp. 85
Synthesizing the Information and Building Evidencep. 85
Reasoning Patternsp. 88
Integrating the Information and Building Claimsp. 92
Analyze the Patterns of the Datap. 94
Complex Reasoningp. 94
Comparative Reasoningp. 96
Building the Discovery Argument: An Examplep. 97
Mapping the Argument of Discoveryp. 99
Analyzing the Argumentp. 99
Tipsp. 101
Summaryp. 102
Checklistp. 103
Critique the Literaturep. 105
Implicative Reasoningp. 106
The Two Argumentsp. 107
Argument Patternsp. 110
Backingp. 116
Fallacious Argumentsp. 122
The Case Is Everythingp. 124
Tipsp. 124
Summaryp. 125
Checklistp. 125
Write the Reviewp. 127
The Writing Process: Overviewp. 129
Write to Understandp. 129
Write to Be Understoodp. 129
Write to Understandp. 130
Exploratory Writingp. 131
Outlinep. 133
The Preliminary Draftp. 143
Preliminary Draft: The Auditp. 145
Preliminary Draft: The Editp. 146
Write to Be Understoodp. 146
Analysisp. 148
Evaluationp. 148
Outside Reviewp. 149
The Second and Third Draftsp. 150
The Final Draftp. 151
Style Manualsp. 151
Tipsp. 153
Last Wordsp. 153
Glossaryp. 155
Referencesp. 159
Indexp. 161
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