Little Penguin Handbook,The: MLA Update

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-01-01
  • Publisher: Longman
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The Little Penguin Handbookcontinues to revolutionize the way brief handbooks present information making it easier for you to find what you need. With more visuals and sample documents than other essential handbooks, this handy full-color reference gives you just what you need to know about the writing and research processes, while providing extensive coverage of documentation and grammar. "Source Samples" in the documentation chapters give you pages from actual sources with notes explaining where to find the information to create a citation. Will answer any questions a writer has about grammar, the writing process, or research.The writing process, critical thinking, argumentative writing, style, grammar, mechanics, usage, the research process, how to document sources.Anyone who wants a reliable writing reference book.

Table of Contents

Think as a Writer
Think about the process of communication
Think about your audience
Think about your credibility
Read and View with a Critical Eye
Become a critical reader
Become a critical viewer
Plan Your Writing
Establish goals and find a topic
Write a working thesis
Write a Draft
Determine your organization
Compose a draft
Compose Paragraphs
Focus your paragraphs
Write effective beginning and ending paragraphs
Revise, Edit, and Proofread
Evaluate your draft
Learn strategies for rewriting
Edit for specific goals
Proofread carefully
Write in Academic Genres
Write an observation
Write a case study
Write a lab report in the sciences
Write an essay exam
Five Steps for Planning and Conducting Research
1How do I find a topic?
1How do I focus a topic?
1How do I determine what research I need?
1How do I find sources?
1How do I keep track of my research?
Find Sources in Databases
Know the strengths of database sources
Find information in databases
Construct effective database searches
Locate elements of a citation in database sources
Find Sources on the Web
Find reliable Web sources
Construct effective Web searches
Locate elements of a citation in Web sources
Find Print Sources
Know the strengths of print sources
Find books
Find journal articles
Locate elements of a citation in print sources
Evaluate Your Sources
Determine the relevance of sources
Determine the quality of print and database sources
Determine the quality of Web sources
Plan Field Research
Know what you can obtain from field research
Conduct interviews
Administer surveys
Make observations
Incorporate Sources and Avoid Plagiarism
Avoid plagiarism
Quote sources without plagiarizing
Summarize and paraphrase sources without plagiarizing
Incorporate quotations, summaries, and paraphrases effectively
Five Steps for Documenting Sources
Which documentation style do I use?
What kind of source am I using?
When do I cite sources?
How do I cite a source in my paper?
How do I cite sources at the end of my paper?
MLA Documentation
In-text citations in MLA-style
Books in MLA-style works cited
Journals, magazines, newspapers, and documents
Library database publications
Online publications
Unedited online sources
Visual and multimedia sources
Sample research paper with MLA documentation
APA Documentation
The elements of APA documentation
In-text citations in APA-style
Books and nonperiodical sources
Periodical sources
Online sources
Visual, computer, and multimedia sources
Sample pages from a research paper with APA documentation
CMS Documentation
The elements of CMS documentation
Books and nonperiodical sources
Periodical sources
Online sources
Sample pages from a research paper with CMS documentation
CSE Documentation
In-text references in CSE style
Books and nonperiodical sources
Periodical sources
Online sources
Effective Style and Language
Write with Power
Recognize active and passive voice
Use action verbs
Find agents
Vary your sentences
Write Concisely
Eliminate unnecessary words
Reduce wordy phrases
Simplify tangled sentences
Write with Emphasis
Manage emphasis within sentences
Forge links across sentences
Use parallel structure with parallel ideas
Find the Right Words
Be aware of levels of formality
Be aware of denotation and connotation
Use specific language
Write to be inclusive
Recognize international varieties of English
Understanding Grammar
Fragments, Run-ons, and Comma Splices
Run-on sentences
Comma splices
Subject-Verb Agreement
Agreement in the present tense
Singular and plural subjects
Indefinite pronouns as subjects
Collective nouns as subjects
Inverted word order
Amounts, numbers, and pairs
Basic verb forms
Irregular verbs
Transitive and intransitive verbs
Pronoun case
Pronoun agreement
Avoiding sexist pronouns
Vague reference
Shifts in tense
Shifts in mood
Shifts in voice
Shifts in person and number
Choose the correct modifier
Place adjectives carefully
Place adverbs carefully
Revise disruptive modifiers
Revise dangling modifiers
Grammar for Multilingual Writers
Understanding Punctuation and Mechanics
Commas with introductory elements
Commas with compound clauses
Commas with nonrestrictive modifiers
Commas with items in a series
Commas with coordinate adjectives
Commas with quotations
Commas with dates, numbers, titles, and addresses
Commas to avoid confusion
Unnecessary commas
Semicolons and Colons
Semicolons with closely related main clauses
Semicolons together with commas
Colons in sentences
Colons with lists
Dashes and Parentheses
Dashes and parentheses to set off information
Dashes and parentheses versus commas
Other punctuation with parentheses
Contractions and omitted letters
Plurals of letters, symbols, and words referred to as words
Quotation Marks
Direct quotations
Titles of short works
Other uses of quotation marks
Other punctuation with quotation marks
Misuses of quotation marks
Other Punctuation Marks
Question marks
Exclamation points
Capitalization, Italics, Abbreviations, Numbers
Capital letters
Glossary of Grammatical Terms and Usage
Revision Guide
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