Localities at the Center : Native-Place, Space, and Power in Late Imperial Beijing

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2006-03-31
  • Publisher: Harvard Univ Pr
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A visitor to Beijing in 1900, Chinese or foreign, would have been struck by the great number of native-place lodges serving the needs of scholars and officials from the provinces. What were these native-place lodges? How did they develop over time? How did they fit into and shape Beijing's urban ecology? How did they further native-place ties? In answering these questions, the author considers how native-place ties functioned as channels of communication between China's provinces and the political center; how sojourners to the capital used native-place ties to create solidarity within their communities of fellow provincials and within the class of scholar-officials as a whole; how the state co-opted these ties as a means of maintaining order within the city and controlling the imperial bureaucracy; how native-place ties transformed the urban landscape and social structure of the city; and how these functions were refashioned in the decades of political innovation that closed the Qing period. Native-place lodges are often cited as an example of the particularistic ties that characterized traditional China and worked against the emergence of a modern state based on loyalty to the nation. The author argues that by fostering awareness of membership in an elite group, the native-place lodges generated a sense of belonging to a nation that furthered the reforms undertaken in the early twentieth century.

Table of Contents

Figures and Tables xi
Introduction 1(216)
1 Placing This Work
2 Native-Place Lodges Beyond Beijing
3 The Particular Characteristics of Beijing Scholar-Official Native-Place Lodges
4 Huiguan in Space
5 Huiguan as Space
6 Native-Place Rituals
7 The Corporate Character of Lodge Property
8 State-Lodge Cooperation in the Maintenance of Order
9 The Articulation of Regional Interests in Beijing
10 Native Place and the Reform Movement of the 189os 217(19)
11 Beijing Huiguan in the Twentieth Century 236(23)
Conclusion 259(4)
Postscript: Huiguan Sites Today 263(14)
Appendix Ming Period Native-Place Lodges of Beijing 277(12)
Reference Matter

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