The Longman Handbook for Writers and Readers with MLA Guide

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2003-06-01
  • Publisher: Pearson (Manual)
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The Longman Handbook for Writers and Readers, 3/e, explores the connection between reading and writing, helping students develop an intuitive understanding of grammar conventions and encouraging them to adjust their writing style to meet the needs of varying audiences. A comprehensive reference to the processes of writing and research, The Longman Handbook emphasizes the reader-writer connection in two key ways. The Read, Recognize, Revise approach to editing grammar and style encourages students to use their own experience as readers to help them spot critical errors in their writing and to apply specific strategies from the text to correct them. In addition, the text highlights the expectations of various communities of writers and readers; emphasizing the academic community, it also includes unique coverage of the public and workplace communities. It outlines the kinds of writing students can expect to find in each, and offers guided advice on how best to write within the context of the community they are addressing. New material on oral presentations and online communication ensures that students are prepared to compose in contexts that extend from disciplines across the curriculum, to situations outside the classroom as well.

Table of Contents

Preface for Students and Instructors
A Guide to Using The Longman Handbook
Writing, Reading, And Thinking: Joining Communities
Readers, Writers, and Community Expectations
Recognizing Academic, Work, and Public Communities
The Composing Process: Realities and Myths
Entering Electronic Communities
Strategies for Critical Reading and Reflection
Reading Analytically
Reading Interpretively
Journals: Bridging Reading and Writing
Strategies for Effective Speaking
Effective Oral Presentation
Managing Speech Anxiety
Group Presentations and Other Public Forums
Planning Strategies for College, Work, and Public Writing
Generating Ideas and Information
Structuring Ideas and Information
Creating Generalization-Support Patterns
Planning in Electronic Environments
Planning: Paper in Progress
Defining Your Purpose and Thesis
Analyzing Your Purpose
Using Rhetorical Purposes to Guide Your Decisions
Defining a Main Idea or Thesis
Considering Your Audience
Defining Your Audience
Characterizing Your Readers
Adapting Your Content, Structure, and Style
Addressing Communities of Readers
Drafting And Revising: Shaping Your Writing For Your Community
Moving From Planning to Drafting
Using Drafting Strategies
Drafting Collaboratively
Drafting: Paper in Progress
Making Major Revisions
Making Minor Revisions
Revising Collaboratively
Revising: Paper in Progress
Focusing, Linking, and Developing Paragraphs
Recognizing and Revising Paragraph Focus
Revising for Focus
Recognizing and Revising Paragraph Coherence
Revising for Coherence
Recognizing and Revising Paragraph Development
Using Special-Purpose Paragraphs in Academic, Work, and Public Settings
Creating Clear, Emphatic, and Varied Sentences
Creating Clear Sentences
Creating Direct Sentences
Creating Emphasis
Revising for Variety
Representing Yourself: Creating Your Place In A Community
Presenting Yourself Through Language Choices
Understanding Home and Community Language Varieties
Understanding How Dialect Influences Writing
Representing Yourself Through Critical Reasoning
What Is Critical Reasoning?
Critical Reasoning in Academic, Public, and Work Communities
Building a Chain of Reasoning: Practical Suggestions
Representing Yourself Through Critical Reasoning
Writing in Online Communities
Writing Online
Communicating With Email
Participating in Online Communities
Writing For the World Wide Web
Avoiding Plagiarism When Working Online
Designing Documents
Goals of Document Design
Principles of Document Design
Plan Your Documents
Laying Out Your Document
Using Type
Using Visuals
Model Documents
Editing And Proofreading: Meeting Community Expectations
The Editing and Proofreading Process
Editing Your Own Writing
Editing Collaboratively
Editing on the Computer
Editing Grammar
Recognizing Sentence Elements and Sentence Patterns
Using Words
Recognizing Sentence Parts: Subjects and Predicates
Recognizing Phrases
Recognizing Subordinate Clauses
Recognizing Different Sentence Types
Choosing Appropriate Forms of Nouns and Pronouns
Recognizing Pronoun Case
Editing Common Problems with Pronoun Case
Choosing Who and Whom
Choosing Appropriate Verb Forms
Recognizing and Editing Simple Present and Past Tense Verbs
Recognizing and Editing Problems with Participles
Editing Progressive and Perfect Tenses
Editing Troublesome Verbs
Recognizing Active and Passive Voice
Creating Clear Tense Sequence
Recognizing the Subjunctive Mood
Making Sentence Parts Agree
Creating Subject-Verb Agreement (Simple)
Creating Subject-Verb Agreement (Complex)
Editing for Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
Using Adjectives and Adverbs
Recognizing What Adjectives and Adverbs Do
Avoiding Confusion Between Adjectives and Adverbs
Choosing Correct Forms for Comparatives and Superlatives
Avoiding Double Negatives
Editing for Sentence Problems
Sentence Fragments
Recognizing Sentence Fragments
Editing Sentence Fragments
Using Partial Sentences
Comma Splices and Fused Sentences
Recognizing Comma Splices and Fused Sentences
Editing Comma Splices and Fused Sentences
Pronoun Reference
Recognizing and Editing Pronoun Reference That Is Not Clear
Recognizing and Editing Pronoun Reference That Is Not Specific
Matching Who, Which, and That
To Antecedents
Misplaced, Dangling, and Disruptive Modifiers
Recognizing and Editing Misplaced Modifiers
Recognizing and Editing Dangling Modifiers
Recognizing and Editing Disruptive Modifiers
Using Absolute Phrases Effectively
Recognizing and Editing Shifts in Person and Number
Recognizing and Editing Shifts in Tense and Mood
Recognizing and Editing Shifts in Voice
Avoiding Shifts Between Direct and Indirect Quotation
Mixed and Incomplete Sentences
Editing Mixed Sentences
Editing Incomplete Sentences
Building Parallelism
Building Parallelism
Recognizing and Editing Problems with Parallelism
Creating Parallelism Beyond the Sentence
Creating Parallelism in Lists
Coordination and Subordination
Recognizing and Creating Coordination
Recognizing and Editing Problems with Coordination
Recognizing and Creating Subordination
Recognizing and Editing Problems with Subordination
Editing for Word Choice
Choosing Appropriate Words
Thinking About Word Choice
Using Precise Diction
Using Strategies for Editing Diction
Using Dictionaries and Building Vocabulary
Choosing Dictionaries to Serve Your Needs
Using a Dictionary
Using Dictionaries in the Age of Technology
Building Vocabulary
Editing for Common Types of Wordiness
Editing for Clichés, Generalizations, and Overblown Language
Avoiding Sexist and Discriminatory Language
Recognizing and Editing Sexist Language
Avoiding Discriminatory Language
Editing for Punctuation
Using Commas to Help Join Sentences
Using Commas to Set Off Introductory Phrases
Using Commas to Set off Nonrestrictive Modifiers
Using Commas to Set Off Parenthetical Expressions
Using Commas in a Series
Separating Coordinate Adjectives with a Comma
Using Commas with Dates, Numbers, Addresses, Place Names, People's Titles, and Letters
Using Commas with Quotations
Using Commas to Make Your Meaning Clear
Avoiding Commas that Do Not Belong
Semicolons and Colons
Using Semicolons
Using Colons
Using Apostrophes to Mark Possession
Using Apostrophes to Mark Contractions and Omissions
Quotation Marks
Marking Quotations
Using Block Quotations
Writing Dialogue
Labeling Titles of Short Works
Indicating Special Meanings of Words and Phrases
Indicating Irony, Sarcasm, and Authorial Distance
Periods, Question Marks, and Exclamation Points
Using Periods
Using Question Marks
Using Exclamation Points
Special Punctuation Marks
Using Parentheses
Using Brackets
Using Dashes
Using Ellipses
Using Slashes
Proofreading for Mechanics and Spelling
Using a Capital at the Beginning of a Sentence
Using Capitals for Proper Nouns and Adjectives
Italics (Underlining)
Following Conventions for Underlining (Using Italics)
Underlining for Emphasis
Hyphens and Word Division
Using Hyphens to Divide Words
Using Hyphens to Join Words
Spelling Out Numbers or Using Numerals
Following Special Conventions
Avoiding Too Many Numbers
Using Familiar Abbreviations
Using Abbreviations Sparingly
Strategies for Spelling
Spelling As You Write
Recognizing and Correcting Spelling Errors
Using Long-Term Strategies to Improve Your Spelling
Spelling and the Computer
Using Research Strategies: Reading And Writing Within A Research Community
Participating in Research Communities: Academic, Work, and Public
Recognizing Research Communities
Developing a Research Question
Mapping Research Communities
Planning Your Research
Using Print and Electronic Resources
Developing Search Strategies
Identifying Print and Electronic Resources
Search Strategies for Electronic Environments
Reading Critically and Evaluating Sources
Reading Print and Electronic Sources Analytically
Reading Print and Electronic Sources Critically
Turning Research into Writing
Moving From Research Questions To a Plan and a Thesis
Planning and Drafting Your Paper
Integrating Print and Electronic Sources into Your Writing
Understanding Documentation and Avoiding Plagiarism
Recognizing When to Document Sources
Understanding Plagiarism
Avoiding Plagiarism
Doing Fieldwork
Preparing Surveys, Polls, and Questionnaires
Conducting Interviews
Using Citation Styles
Documenting Sources: MLA
Using In-Text Citations
Creating MLA In-Text Citations
Informative Footnotes and Endnotes
Creating an MLA List of Works Cited
Sample MLA Paper
Documenting Sources: APA
Using In-Text Citations
Using Content Footnotes
Creating APA In-Text Citations
Creating an APA Reference List
Sample APA Paper
Documenting Sources: Science (CSE) and Engineering
Recognizing Elements of Scientific and Engineering Styles
Analyzing the Documentation Style of a Publication
Creating Scientific In-text Citations (CSE/CBE)
Creating a Scientific Reference List (CSE/CBE)
Documenting Sources: CMS
Using Endnotes and Footnotes
Creating CMS Notes
Creating a CMS Bibliography
Writing Strategies
Writing Argumentative Papers Across the Disciplines
Recognizing Occasions for Argument
Develop Your Stance
Focus on a Purpose and Create a Thesis
Develop Your Reasons and Supporting Evidence
Develop a Point: Argument in Progress
Using Critical Thinking to Strengthen Your Argument
The Documented Argument or Position Paper
Writing Point-Driven Papers Across the Curriculum
The Critique
The Review
The Point-Driven Essay
Reading and Writing About Literature
Reading Literary Texts
Writing About Literary Texts
The Text Analysis
Writing Informative Papers Across the Disciplines
Developing and Presenting Informative Writing
Developing an Interview Paper: Informative Writing in Progress
The Short Informative Documented Paper
The Literature Review
The Lab Report
The Abstract
The Annotated Bibliography
The Informative Essay Exam
Developing Business Writing
Using General Strategies to Learn the Principles of Successful Business Writing
Using Specific Strategies to Learn the Business Writing Process
Writing Business Letters
Writing Memos
Writing Email
Writing Résumés and Letters of Application
Glossary of Usage and Terms
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