Major Problems in American Environmental History

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2006-10-20
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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This volume traces the history of environmental conditions in the United States through the examination of critical issues such as pollution, conservation, and wilderness preservation. The Second Edition of this popular text includes several new essays and documents and pays particular attention to multiculturalism and gender throughout. In order to place American environmental issues in a larger context, the text emphasizes international relations and globalization.

Table of Contents

Note: Each chapter concludes with Further Reading
What Is Environmental History? Essays
Doing Environmental History
Predicting Environmental History
Using Environmental History
Interpreting Environmental History
Native American Ecology and European Contact Documents
A Spanish Explorer Views the Pueblos, 1580
Spanish Explorers Observe Pueblo Irrigation, 1582
A Spaniard Testifies on the Effects of Pueblo Colonization, 1601
Nicholas Denys Describes the Micmac Fur Trade, 1672
A Jesuit Missionary Recalls Micmac Hunting Rituals, 1691
Lewis and Clark Describe the Great Plains, 1804
Plains Indians' Pictographs, Recorded by George Catlin in 1844 Essays
Pueblos and Spanish in the Southwest
Micmacs and French in the Northeast
Indians and Bison on the Great Plains
The New England Forest in the Seventeenth Century Documents
William Bradford Faces a "Hideous and Desolate Wilderness," 1620-1635
John Winthrop Sets Forth the Grounds for Settling in New England, 1629
Thomas Morton Praises the New English Canaan, 1632
William Wood Portrays Indian Women's Housing and Horticulture, 1634
Anne Bradstreet Eulogizes Nature, 1650
Edward Johnson Describes the Transformation of the Wilderness, 1654
A Timber Merchant's Estate, 1682
Cotton Mather Presents the Scale of Nature, 1721
A Governor Enforces the King's Forest Policy, 1730 Essays
A Beaver's Perspective on North American History
A Colonist's Perspective on the New England Forest
Puritan Perspectives on the New England Environment
Tobacco and Rice in the Colonial South Documents
John White Depicts Indian Planting and Fishing in North Carolina, 1590
Virginia Settlers Discover Tobacco, 1614-1617
A Chesapeake Planter Describes His Holdings, 1686
Robert Beverley Discourses on Indians and Nature in Virginia, 1705
A Governor Explains South Carolina Rice Production, 1761
A Traveler Describes Tobacco Cultivation, 1775
Thomas Jefferson Discusses the "Nature" of Blacks and Worn-Out Soils, 1787
Olaudah Equiano Describes His Enslavement, 1790 Essays
Tobacco and Soils in the Chesapeake
Rice and Slaves in the Low Country
Black Indians in the South
Farms and Cities in the Early Republic Documents
J. Hector St. John de Cr?vecoeur Asks, "What Is an American?" 1782
Thomas Jefferson Extols the Agrarian Ideal, 1787
Benjamin Rush Praises the Market Farmers of Pennsylvania, 1789
Anna Howell's Farm Diary, 1820
Samuel Slater's Proposal on Cotton Spinning, 1789
Benjamin Henry Latrobe on Polluted Water in Philadelphia, 1798
John James Audubon Depicts the Squatters of the Mississippi, 1808-1834
Calvin Colton on Self-Made Men, 1844 Essays
Farms and Subsistence
Pollution and Cities Theodore Steinberg, Water and Industry
Nature and the Market in the Nineteenth Century Documents
Phillis Wheatley Eulogizes Nature, 1773
John James Audubon Describes Shooting Birds, 1808-1834
James Fenimore Cooper Laments the "Wasty Ways" of Pioneers, 1823
Hudson River Painters Depict Nature, 1836-1849
George Catlin on Indians, Nature, and Civilization, 1844
Ralph Waldo Emerson Expounds on Nature and Wealth, 1844
Henry David Thoreau on Nature Versus Civilization, 1854
Rebecca Harding Davis on Pollution and Human Life in the Iron Mills, 1861 Essays
Civilization over Nature Robert
Nature over Civilization
Slave Women and Nature
The Cotton South Before and After the Civil War Documents
Frances Anne Kemble Discusses Slavery and Nature in Georgia, 1838-1839
A Georgia Planter Tells Why Cotton Pays, 1847
Frederick Law Olmsted Describes Cotton Production and Environmental Deterioration, 1861
Sharecroppers' Contracts, 1876-1886
Freed Slave Louis Hughes Describes Cotton Raising and Cotton Worms, 1897
A Louisiana Convention Declares War on the Boll Weevil, 1903
Ex-Slaves Describe Their Means of Subsistence, 1937
A Freed Slave Explains "Why That Boll Weevil Done Come," 1945 Essays
Soils Used Eugene Genovese
Soils Abused Theodore Steinberg
Soils Extracted
Extracting the Far West in the Nineteenth Century Documents
A Russian Sailor Depicts the Sea Otter Trade, 1813
A Manager Describes the Russian American Company, 1835
Senator Thomas Hart Benton Explains Manifest Destiny, 1846
A Federal Agent Assesses Mining's Impact on the Indians, 1853
James Marshall Tells How He Discovered Gold, 1857
Joaquin Miller Reveals the Environmental Deterioration in the Gold Country, 1890
A Fish Commissioner Explains the Need for Salmon Protection, 1885
A Capitalist Advocates Salmon Hatcheries, 1893
An Indian Woman Deplores the Soreness of the Land, Recorded in 1925 Essays
Otters versus Russians in Alaska
Miners versus Farmers in California
Salmon versus Fishers in the Northwest
Great Plains Grasslands Exploited Documents
Pioneer Women Portray the Plains Environment, 1860-1886
The Homestead Act, 1862
Joseph G. McCoy Describes the Chisholm Trail and Abilene Stockyards, 1874
Frederick Jackson Turner Explains the Significance of the Frontier in American History, 1893
John Steinbeck Depicts the Dust Bowl, 1939
Plenty-coups Mourns the Vanishing Buffalo, Recorded in 1950
An Editor Bids Good Riddance to Buffalo, 1979 Essays
Great Plains Ecology
Cowboy Ecology
Telling Stories About Ecology
Resource Conservation in the Twentieth Century Documents
George Perkins Marsh Discusses the Relationship of Man and Nature, 1864
John Wesley Powell Advocates Reclamation, 1878
The Reclamation Act, 1902
Theodore Roosevelt Publicizes Conservation, 1908
George L. Knapp Opposes Conservation, 1910
Mrs. Marion Crocker Argues for the Conservation Imperative, 1912
Robert Marshall Advocates the People's Forests, 1933
Hugh Bennett Presses for Soil Conservation, 1947
Gifford Pinchot Recalls the Origins of the Conservation Movement, 1947 Essays
From Conservation to Environment
Conservation as Reclamation
Women and Conservation
Wilderness Preservation in the Twentieth Century Documents
Florence Merriam Bailey Recalls the Early Audubon Women, 1900
Mary Austin Describes the Wonders of the Desert, 1903
John Muir Advocates Wilderness Preservation, 1912
The National Parks Act, 1916
Chief Luther Standing Bear Gives an Indian View of Wilderness, Recorded in 1933
The Wilderness Act, 1964
Edward Abbey on Industrial Tourism in the National Parks, 1968 Essays
The Value of Wilderness
Indians and Wilderness
The Trouble with Wilderness
Cities, Industries, and Pollution in the Twentieth Century Documents
A Woman Reformer Advocates Civic Cleanliness, 1901
Upton Sinclair Describes the Chicago Stockyards, 1905
Jane Addams Works to Control Garbage in Chicago, 1910
A Woman Reformer Promotes Smoke Abatement, 1912
Henry Ford Recalls the Invention of the Automobile, 1922
A Black Migrant Experiences the Urban Environment, 1927
Alice Hamilton Discusses Industrial Poisons, 1943
Dwight D. Eisenhower Promotes the Interstate Highway System, 1955 Essays
Industrial Pollution and Reform
Suburbs and Pollution
Automobiles and Roads
The Emergence of Ecology in the Twentieth Century Documents
Ellen Swallow Richards Defines Human Ecology, 1907
Frederic Clements Describes Plant Succession, 1916
Henry Gleason Explains Plant Associations, 1926
Arthur Tansley Introduces the Ecosystem, 1935
Aldo Leopold Proposes a Land Ethic, 1949
Rachel Carson Warns of a Silent Spring, 1962
Eugene P. Odum Discusses the Stability of the Ecosystem, 1969
Pickett and White Explain Patch Dynamics, 1985 Essays
Ellen Swallow Richards's Human Ecology
Organic, Economic, and Chaotic Ecology
Rachel Carson's Ecological Vision
Water, Energy, and Population in the Twentieth Century Documents
President Franklin D. Roosevelt Dedicates Hoover Dam, 1935
The National Environmental Policy Act, 1969
Hopi Leaders Protest the Desecration of Their Sacred Lands, 1970
Barry Commoner Discusses the Problems of Nuclear Energy, 1971
A Federal Director Explains Environmental Risk, 1983
A Business Leader Discusses Industry's Environmental Responsibilities, 1987
Paul and Anne Ehrlich Warn of a Population Explosion, 1990 Essays
Water and the Environment
Energy and the Environment
Environmental Regulation
Globalization: The United States in the Wider World Documents
Ben Chavis Reports on Toxic Wastes and Race, 1987
Carl Anthony Explains Why African Americans Should Be Environmentalists, 1990
Winona LaDuke Considers Indians' Place in the Ecosystem, 1990
Two Feminists Discuss the Emergence of Ecofeminism, 1990
The Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit, 1992
The Kyoto Protocol on Global Climate Change, 1997
Reporters Announce a World Population of Six Billion People, 1999
The Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development, 2002 Essays
Environmental Justice
Environmental Philosophy
Globalization and Environmental Sustainability
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