Major Problems in American History, Volume I

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-01-01
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Designed to encourage critical thinking about history, the MAJOR PROBLEMS IN AMERICAN HISTORY series introduces readers to both primary sources and analytical essays on important topics in U.S. history. This collection serves as a primary anthology for introductory U.S. history, covering the subject's entire chronological span. Comprehensive topical coverage includes politics, economics, labor, gender, culture, and social trends. The Third Edition features greater focus on visual and cultural sources throughout. Several chapters now include images, songs and poems to give readers a better "feel" for the time period and events under discussion.

Table of Contents

Conquest And Colliding Worlds
The Iroquois Describe the Beginning of the World, n.d
The Portuguese Describe Battles with West Africans, 1448
Recounts His First Encounters with Native People, 1493
Relates an Aztec Chronicler's Account of the Spanish Conquest of the Aztecs, 1519
A European Artist Illustrates a Smallpox Outbreak among Nahau Indians, 1585
English Artist John White Depicts Indian Land Use, 1619
Records a Native Oral Tradition of the First Arrival of Europeans on Manhattan Island (1610), 1818
Describes Indian Responses to the English, 1634
The Indians' New World
The Indians' Old World
The Southern Colonies In British America
A British Official, Recounts an Indian Attack on Early Virginia Settlement, 1622
Indentured Servant Richard Frethorne Laments His Condition in Virginia, 1623
A Resident of Maryland, Argues That Servants Profit from Life in the Colonies, 1666
Leader of a Rebellion, Recounts the Misdeeds of the Virginia Governor, 1676
Virginia's Statutes Illustrate the Declining Status of African American Slaves, 1660-1705
Southern Planter William Byrd Describes His Views Toward Learning and His Slaves, 1709-1710
Illustration of Slaves Cultivating Tobacco, 1738
African Olaudah Equiano Recounts the Horrors of Enslavement, 1757
The Anxious World of the Slaveowning Patriarch
The Effects of Paternalism Among Whites and Blacks
Colonial New England And The Middle Colonies In British America
Puritan Leader John Winthrop Provides a Model of Christian Charity, 1630
Anne Bradstreet Discusses Her Children in the Colonies, 1656
A New England Woman, Recounts Her Experience of Captivity and Escape from the Wampanoag During King Philip's War, 1675
Proprietor William Penn Promotes His Colony, 1681
Examination and Testimony of Tituba, a Servant-Slave in Salem, Massachusetts, 1692
A Slave, Phillis Wheatley, Laments the Death of Revivalist George Whitefield, 1770
Dr. Alexander Hamilton Depicts the Material Acquisitions of Northern Colonists, 1744
Gottlieb Mittelberger, a German Immigrant, Portrays the Difficulties of Immigration, 1750
Worlds of Wonder in the Northern Colonies
Worlds of Goods in the Northern Colonies
The American Revolution
The Stamp Act Congress Condemns the Stamp Act, 1765
Virginian Patrick Henry Warns the British to Maintain American Liberties, 1775
Pamphleteer Thomas Paine Advocates the "Common Sense" of Independence, 1776
Abigail and John Adams Debate Women's Rights, 1776
A Song to Inspire Revolution, 1776
Mohawk Leader Joseph Brant Commits the Loyalty of His People to Britain, 1776
African Americans Petition for Freedom, 1777
General Washington Argues for Greater Military Funding by Portraying the Plight of Soldiers at Valley Forge, 1778
Radical Possibilities of the American Revolution
The Radical Revolution from the "Bottom Up."
The Making Of The Constitution
The Articles of Confederation Stress the Rights of States, 1781
Cato, an African American, Pleads for the Abolition of Slavery in Pennsylvania, 1781
Slaveholders in Virginia Argue Against the Abolition of Slavery, 1784-1785
Thomas Jefferson Proposes the Protection of Religious Freedom in Virginia, 1786
Daniel Shays and Followers Declare Their Intent to Protect Themselves Against "Tyranny," 1787
Generals William Shepard and Benjamin Lincoln Regret the Disorder That Characterized Shays's Rebellion, 1787
The Federalist Papers Illustrate the Advantages of Ratification of the Constitution, 1787-1788
Patrick Henry Condemns the Centralization of Government If the Constitution Is Ratified, 1788
George Washington Promises Freedom of Religion for Jewish People, 1790
The Pressure of the People on the Framers of the Constitution
The Hope of the Framers to Recruit Citizens to Enter Public Life
Competing Visions Of National Development In The Early National Period
Republican Thomas Jefferson Celebrates the Virtue of the Yeoman Farmer, 1785
Judith Sargent Murray Argues for the "Equality of the Sexes," 1790
Federalist Alexander Hamilton Envisions a Developed American Economy, 1791
Federalists Represent Democratic-Republicans as Secretive, Arrogant, and Rude, 1793
A Republican, Fears for the Future of the Nation, 1798
Thomas Jefferson Advances the Power of the States, 1798
Chief Justice John Marshall Argues for the Primacy of the Federal Government, 1803
Tom Paine Eulogizes George Washington, 1800
The Fears of the Federalists
The Fears of the Jeffersonian Republicans
Foreign Policy, Westward Movement, And Indian Removal In The Early Nineteenth Century
President George Washington Warns Against "Entangling Alliances," 1796
William Clark of the Lewis and Clark Expedition Enters into Diplomacy with Native People, 1806
Iroquois Chief Red Jacket Decries the Day When Whites Arrived, 1805
William Cullen Bryant Satirizes the Embargo Act, 1808
Shawnee Chief Tecumseh Recounts the Misdeeds of Whites and Calls for Indian Unity, 1810
Tenskwatawa (The Prophet) Relates His Journey to the World Above, 1810
President James Monroe Declares That European Powers May Not Interfere in the Americas, 1823
The Cherokee Nation Pleads to Remain "on the Land of Our Fathers," 1830
President Andrew Jackson Defends Indian Removal, 1833
Indians Utilizing a Strategy of Armed Resistance
Indians Utilizing a Strategy of Accommodation
The Transportation, Market, And Communication Revolutions In The Early Nineteenth Century
Slave Charles Ball Mourns the Growth of Cotton Culture and "Sale Down the River," ca. 1800
Chief Justice John Marshall Advances a Broad Construction of the Constitution, 1819, 1824
President John Quincy Adams Urges Internal Improvements, 1825
A Family in Illinois Struggles with Marketing Their Crops, 1831
Harriet Hanson Robinson, a "Lowell Girl," Describes Her Labor in a Textile Mill, 1831
European Visitor Alexis de Tocqueville Considers the Influence of Democracy on the Family, 1831
Author Charles Dickens Describes Travel on an Early Railroad Train, 1842
A Guidebook Instructs Women on the Role of Mother, 1845
South Carolina Governor James Henry Hammond Instructs His Overseer on Running the Plantation, c. 1840s
The Market Revolution and Changes in Women's Work
The Changes Wrought by Cotton, Transportation, and Communication
Nationalism, Sectionalism, And Expansionism In The Age Of Jackson
A Song to Put Andrew Jackson in the White House, c. 1820s
Vice President John C. Calhoun Argues That Tariffs Disadvantage the South, 1828
Senator Daniel Webster Lays Out His Nationalist Vision, 1830
President Andrew Jackson Condemns the Rights of "Nullification" and Secession, 1832
President Andrew Jackson Vetoes the Bank Bill, 1832
Lieutenant-Colonel Jos? Enrique de la Pe?a Defends Mexico's Actions Against the Texans, 1836
Michel Chevelier, a French Visitor, Marvels at the Pageantry of Politics, 1839
John L. O'Sullivan, a Democratic Newspaperman, Defines "Manifest Destiny," 1845
Walter Colton, a Californian, Describes the Excitement of the Gold Rush, 1848
1000 Essays
Antebellum Politics as Raucous Democracy
Glenn C. Altschuler and Stuart M. Blumin ?
Antebellum Politics as Political Manipulation
Reform And The Great Awakening In The Early Nineteenth Century
Peter Cartwright, a Methodist Itinerant Preacher, Marvels at the Power of Religious Revivals, 1801
African American Abolitionist David Walker Castigates the United States for Its Slave System, 1829
White Abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison Calls for Immediate Abolition, 1831
A Description of the Prophet Matthias and His Attacks on Women, 1835
Angelina Grimk? Appeals to Christian Women to Oppose Slavery, 1836
Reformer Dorothea Dix Depicts the Horrible Conditions Endured by the Mentally Ill, 1843
Joseph Smith Records a Revelation on Plural Marriage, 1843
The Seneca Falls Convention Declares Women's Rights, 1848
Former Slave Sojourner Truth Links Women's Rights to Antislavery, 1851
Religious Reform as a Form of Social Control
Religion as Inhibiting and Liberating: The Complicated Case of Sojourner Truth
Commercial Development And Immigration In The North At Midcentury
Alexis de Tocqueville Marvels at the Mobile Northern Society, 1831
Inventor Samuel F. B. Morse Fears That Immigrants Will Ruin American Inequality, 1835
Essayist Orestes Brownson Condemns the Plight of "Wage Slaves," 1840
Gustof Unonius, a Swedish Immigrant, Reflects on Life in the United States, 1841-1842
A Lowell Factory Girl Describes a Week in the Mill, 1845
New Yorker George Templeton Strong Berates the Immigrants in His Midst, 1838-1857
James Bowlin, a Congressman, Marvels at the Possibilities of Western Lands, 1846
Irish Americans Sing About Their Struggles and Successes, c. 1860s
White Slaves, Wage Slaves, and Free White Labor in the North
Free Labor and Wage Labor in the North
Agriculture And Slavery In The South At Midcentury
A North Carolina Law Prohibits Teaching Slaves to Read or Write, 1831
Samuel Cartwright, a Southern Doctor, Theorizes About the Peculiar Diseases of Slaves, 1851
Virginian George Fitzhugh Argues That Slavery Is a Positive Good That Improves Society, 1854
African American Josiah Henson Portrays the Violence and Fears in Slave Life, 1858
Southern Author Daniel Hundley Robinson Depicts the White Yeoman Farmer, 1860
Harriet Jacobs Deplores Her Risks in Being a Female Slave, 1861
Southerner Mary Chestnut Describes Her Hatred of Slavery from a White Woman's View, 1861
Northerner Frederick Law Olmsted Depicts the Economic Costs of Slavery, 1861
Three Slave Songs Recorded by Whites, 1867
Slaves and the "Commerce" of the Slave Trade
The Neighborhoods and Intimate Lives of Slaves
Careening Toward Civil War
Senator John C. Calhoun Proposes Ways to Preserve the Union, 1850
Frederick Douglass Asks How a Slave Can Celebrate the Fourth of July, 1852
Reviewers Offer Differing Opinions About Uncle Tom's Cabin, 1852
Axalla John Hoole, a Southerner, Depicts "Bleeding Kansas," 1856
Senator Charles Sumner Addresses the "Crime Against Kansas," 1856
Chief Justice Roger Taney Determines the Legal Status of Slaves, 1857
Senate Candidates Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas Debate Their Positions on Slavery, 1858
Republican William Seward Warns of an Irrepressible Conflict, 1858
Abolitionist John Brown Makes His Last Statement to the Court Before Execution, 1859
The Charleston Mercury Argues That Slavery Must Be Protected, 1860
The Political Divisions That Contributed to Civil War
The Economic Divisions That Contributed to Civil War
The Civil War
Senator Robert Toombs Compares Secession with the American Revolution, 1860
Frederick Douglass Calls for the Abolition of Slavery, 1862
Margaret Junkin Preston Describes Southern Suffering in Her Diary, 1862
James Henry Gooding, an African American Soldier, Pleads for Equal Treatment, 1863
Tally Simpson, a Confederate Soldier, Recounts the Battle of Gettysburg, 1863
Mary A. Livermore, a Northern Woman, Recalls Her Role in the Sanitary Commission, 1863
Two Artistic Representations of Emancipation, 1863, 1864
Congressman Clement Vallandigham Denounces the Union War Effort, 1863
President Abraham Lincoln Calls for Peace and Justice in His Second Inaugural Address, 1865
The Role of Abraham Lincoln in the Abolition of Slavery
The Role of African Americans in the Abolition of Slavery
Reconstruction, 1865-1877
William Howard Day, an African American Minister, Salutes the Nation and a Monument to Abraham Lincoln, 1865
A Southern Song Opposes Reconstruction, c. 1860s
Louisiana Black Codes Reinstate Provisions of the Slave Era, 1865
President Andrew Johnson Denounces Changes in His Program of Reconstruction, 1867
Congressman Thaddeus Stevens Demands a Radical Reconstruction, 1867
Representative Benjamin Butler Argues That President Andrew Johnson Be Impeached, 1868
Elizabeth Cady Stanton Questions Abolitionist Support for Female Enfranchisement, 1868
Lucy McMillan, a Former Slave in South Carolina, Testifies About White Violence, 1871
Father Abram Ryan Proclaims Undying Love for the Confederate States of America, 1879
Francis Miles Finch Mourns and Celebrates Civil War Soldiers from the South and North, 1879
Continuing the War: White and Black Violence During Reconstruction
Ending the War: The Push for National Reconciliation
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