Major Problems in American Military History Documents and Essays

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1998-10-02
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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This volume traces the evolution of the American military, its institutions, strategic doctrines, and technology. The selections provide a social and institutional focus of the "new" military history, and follow the metamorphosis of the militia, the professionalization of the officers' corps, and the course of civilian control of the military.

Table of Contents

Note: Each chapter contains Further Reading
Diverse Approaches to American Military History
How Americans Wage War: The Evolution of National Strategy
Exploring the Social History of the Military
Weapons and Technology Drive the American Military
The Importance of Battle History
The Evolving Relationship of Women and Combat
The Colonial Era: Native American Versus European State Warfare
Governor John Winthrop Recounts the Killing of John Stone and the Treaty with the Pequots, 1634
Captain John Underhill Justifies the Attack on Mystic Village, in the Pequot War (1637), 1638
Captain John Mason Explains the Decision to Burn the Village (1637), 1638
William Apess, a Pequot, Later Denounces the Mystic Massacre (1637), 1831
Roger Williams Ponders the Self-Imposed Limitations of Indian Warfare, 1643
Colonel George Washington Praises the Virginia Provincial Troops, 1757
The Puritans Were the Savages
The Tragedy of Conflicting Military Cultures
A Different View of the Evolution of the Militia to the Continental Army
The American Revolution: Who Fought and Why?
Loyalist Peter Oliver Tells How an American Prisoner of War Justified His Enlistment to His Captors (1775), c. 17771781
General George Washington Explains His Strategy, 1777
Jeremiah Greenman, an Enlisted Man, Recounts the Bloody Battle of Monmouth, 1778
Private Joseph Martin Provides the Only Contemporary Account of "Molly Pitcher" (1778), 1830
A Militia Company Worries About Indians and Local Safety, 1781
Samuel Sutphin, a Black Slave, Tells of His Service in the Revolution (17811783) and His Freedom, 1834
Sarah Osborn, a Soldier's Wife, Relates How She Accompanied the Continental Army to Yorktown (1781), 1837
Enlistment: Economic Opportunities for the Poor and Working Classes
Enlistment: Patriotic Belief in the Cause of Freedom
Enlistment: The Complexity of Motivations
The New Nation, the Military, and an American Way of War
The Articles of Confederation's Provisions on War and the Military, 1777
General George Washington Calls for a Standing Army, 1783
The Constitution's and Bill of Rights' Provisions on War and the Military, 1787, 1791
Antifederalists Fear a Large Military, 1787
Thomas Jefferson Advises an Economic Alternative to War, 1793
Alexander Hamilton Urges the Need for Defense and War, 1798
Andrew Jackson Proclaims War as a Crusade, 1812
American Wars as Crusades for Total Victory
The Early Republic and Limited War
The Army, Professionalism, Jacksonian Democracy, and Manifest Destiny
President Andrew Jackson Calls for Removal of the Indians, 1830
From "Scarecrow Militia" to Volunteer National Guard Units: Contrasting Lithographs (1836, 1843)
First Lieutenant Joseph R. Smith Bemoans Lack of Civilian Respect, 1838
General Ethan Allen Hitchcock Agonizes over the Seminole and Mexican Wars, 1840-1848
Lieutenant William T. Sherman Disdains Politics, 1844
D. L. Goodall, a Tennessee Volunteer, Exults in the Battle of Monterrey, Mexico, 1846
Eliza Johnston, an Army Wife, Reports on an Expedition Through Indian Territory, 18551856
An Officer Corps Responds to an Undisciplined Society by Disciplined Professionalsim
An Officer Corps Responds to Opportunities for Expansion with Images of Heroic Expeditions
Generals, Soldiers, and the Civil War
General Robert E. Lee, C.S.A., Puts Forward an Offensive Strategy of Division and Concentration, 1862-1863; To General Thomas J. ("Stonewall") Jackson, April 25, 1862; To Mary Lee (Robert E. Lee's wife), April 19, 1863; To General John Bell Hood, May 21, 1863; To President Jefferson Davis, June 10, 1863; To General Samuel Cooper, November 4, 1863
President Jefferson Davis, C.S.A., Defends His Overall Defensive Strategy, 1862
General James Longstreet, C.S.A., Criticizes Lee's Generalship (18631864), 1895
A Southern White Woman, Tells of Slaves Running off to Join the Yankees Who Armed Them, 1862 5. Private James Henry Gooding, a Northern Black Soldier, Fights for Freedom and the Union, 1863
Douglass Southall Freeman
A Brilliant Commander
A Flawed General Mark
The Generalship of Grant and Sherman: Was the Civil War a Modern "Total" War? A Dissenting View
Indian Wars on the Great Plains
George Bent, Cheyenne Indian, Decries the Massacre of Native Americans by the Colorado Militia at Sand Creek (1864), 19051918
Colonel Henry Carrington Details the Destruction and Mutilation of Lieutenant Colonel William Fetterman's Unit (1866), 1867
Lieutenant Frederick Benteen Depicts the Battle of the Little Big Horn, 1876
Iron Hawk, a Hunkpapa Sioux/Lahota Warrior, Recalls the Battle of the Little Big Horn (1876), 1932
General George Crook Defends the Indians, 1884
Western Artist Frederic Remington Covers Black Troopers Chasing Apaches Through the Arizona Territory, 1889
George Armstrong Custer: A Reckless Commander Brought Down by His Own Mistakes
George Armstrong Custer: A Great Commander Overwhelmed by a Larger Force
Armed Forces and an Expanding World Power
General Emory Upton Urges a European Style Army (1880), 1904
Admiral Mahan Champions Sea Power Through Battleships, 1890
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt Boasts of His "Rough Riders" at San Juan Hill (1898), 1899
Sergeant William Payne, a Black Trooper, Portrays Black Regulars Helping to Take San Juan Hill (1898), 1899
Private Frederick Presher Describes the U.S. Army's Abuse of Noncombatants in a Filipino Village, 1901
Captain J. Hartman Submits an Official Account of the Same Incident, 1901
Mahan Planned for the Wrong Kind of War and the Wrong Kind of Ships StuartcRussell F. Weigley
American Racism and Lawlessness in the Philippines
Inherent Problems in Counter-Guerrilla Warfare
World War I: The Challenge of Modern War
President Woodrow Wilson Wants a Drafted Army, Not the U.S. Volunteers, 1917
Senator Robert LaFollette Opposes the Draft, 1917
Laura Frost, a U.S. Army Nurse, Recalls Her Experiences at the Front in France (1918), 19181997
General John J. Pershing Insists on a Separate American Army in France, 1918
American Expeditionary Force (AEF) Combat Instructions Stress Open-Field Tactics, Not Trench Warfare, 1918
Theodore Jones, an AEF Artilleryman, Recounts His First Exposure to Combat, 1918
General George Marshall Describes Some Inadequacies of the AEF (1918), 1930
The Wisdom of a Separate American Army
A Separate American A
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