Making Anti-Racial Discrimination Law: A Comparative History of Social Action and Anti-Racial Discrimination Law

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2009-09-08
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Taking a comparative approach this book examines the evolution of anti-racial discrimination law from a socio-legal perspective. The book focuses primarily on Great Britain and Germany but also demonstrates how national politics feeds into EU policy.

Table of Contents

Preface and acknowledgementsp. ix
List of abbreviationsp. x
Introductionp. xi
Table of cases and statutesp. xxix
Black European Union citizensp. 1
Imperialism, war and labour migrationp. 2
The British Empire and black Britonsp. 5
The Germans in Africa and black Germansp. 8
'Guest workers' in Germanyp. 13
Belongingp. 14
Belonging in Britainp. 14
Belonging in Germanyp. 17
Conclusionp. 21
Understanding racial violencep. 25
Introductionp. 25
A matrix of racial violencep. 25
Overt racial violencep. 29
Personalp. 29
Institutionalp. 33
Covert racial violencep. 38
Personalp. 39
Institutionalp. 43
Conclusionp. 45
The response to overt racial violencep. 48
Introductionp. 48
The international response to overt racial violence after World War IIp. 49
The national response to overt racial violencep. 53
The response to overt racial violence in Great Britainp. 53
The Race Relations Act 1965 (RRA 1965)p. 60
Legal definition of 'institutional racism'p. 62
The Race Relations (Amendment) Act 2000p. 64
The response to overt racial violence in Germanyp. 65
Post-World War II legal regulation of racismp. 66
Post-reunification violencep. 70
The Kahn Commission and the creation of Article 13 Treaty of Romep. 73
The Anti-Discrimination Law (Antidiskriminierungsgesetz/ADG) 2005p. 77
Conclusionp. 78
The response to covert racial violencep. 80
Introductionp. 80
Covert racial violence in employment in Britainp. 81
Discriminatory vacanciesp. 82
Exposing covert personal racial violence: the PEP study on racial discrimination in Britainp. 85
The Street Report and the Drake and Ennals Reportp. 87
The Race Relations Act 1968 (RRA 1968)p. 89
Exposing covert institutional racial violence ('indirect' discrimination)p. 91
The Race Relations Act 1976p. 93
Covert racial violence in employment in Germanyp. 95
Anthropological and social research into the 'Mischlingskinder'p. 96
Commissioner for Foreign Affairs (Ausländerbeauftrage)p. 99
The legal response to covert racial violence in Germanyp. 102
Conclusionp. 104
Restoring voice and visibility
Introductionp. 106
Ethical responsibilityp. 107
Models of integrationp. 108
Social investigationp. 111
Influence of investigationsp. 114
Ethics of ethnic datap. 118
Ethnic data in Britainp. 120
Ethnic data in Germanyp. 122
Ethnic data in the European Unionp. 125
Conclusionp. 126
Civil society and the 'political opportunity structure'p. 129
Introductionp. 129
The political opportunity structurep. 129
Pluralismp. 131
Corporatismp. 133
Impact of group action on the legal response to racial violence under corporatism and pluralismp. 135
Ad hoc groupsp. 136
Established groupsp. 141
Conclusionp. 144
The impact of race in the news on race and lawp. 146
Introductionp. 146
The media and racep. 147
The value of media coveragep. 151
The US Civil Rights Movementp. 153
The murder of Stephen Lawrencep. 154
The MacPherson Inquiryp. 156
The 'African village' in Augsburg Zoop. 158
Conclusionp. 162
Anti-racial discrimination law in the European Unionp. 164
Introductionp. 164
The content of EU anti-racial discrimination lawp. 166
The Race Directivep. 167
The role of social action in the evolution of Article 13 and the EU Race Directivep. 169
Investigations by the European Parliamentp. 170
The Evrigenis Committee Report into Racism and Xenophobiap. 171
The Ford Reportp. 173
The Piccoli Reportp. 175
Lobbyingp. 176
The Starting Line Groupp. 176
Confrontation with the extreme right wingp. 181
Implementation of the Directives and beyondp. 183
An area of 'freedom, security and justice'p. 185
Strategic litigation: the role of the ECJp. 186
Excavationp. 188
Dialoguep. 189
Conclusinp. 189
Conclusionp. 191
Bibliographyp. 199
Indexp. 220
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