Making Content Comprehensible for English Language Learners : The SIOP Model

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1999-12-01
  • Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
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This book is an invaluable resource for training educators to work effectively with English language learners. It presents a model of sheltered instruction, the Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP), which provides school administrators, teachers, teacher candidates, and university field experience supervisors with a tool for observing and quantifying a teacher's implementation of quality sheltered instruction. Making Content Comprehensible presents a coherent, specific, field-tested model of sheltered instruction that specifies the features of a high quality sheltered lesson that teaches content material to English language learners. Each of the 30 items from the SIOP model are illustrated through vignettes. Three different lessons for each item are rated and discussed, allowing the book to be applied to a variety of content areas and grade levels.

Author Biography

Deborah J. Short is Director of the Language Education and Academic Development division at the Center for Applied Linguistics in Washington, D.C. MaryEllen Vogt is Co-Director of the CSU Center for the Advancement of Reading and Professor at California State University, Long Beach. Jana Echevarria is Chair of the Department of Educational Psychology, Administration and Counseling at California State University, Long Beach.

Table of Contents

Each chapter includes “Background” , “Summary” and “Discussion Questions.”

1. Introducing Sheltered Instruction.
Teacher Preparation and School Reform.
Changes in Instructional Practice.
The Sheltered Instruction Approach.
A Model for Sheltered Instruction.
Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol.
Overview of Chapters.
Using the SIOP: Getting Started.

2. Indicators of Lesson Preparation.
Content Objectives.
Language Objectives.
Content Concepts.
Supplementary Materials.
Adaptation of Content.
Meaningful Activities.

3. Indicators of Instruction: Building Background.
Concepts Linked to Students' Background.
Links Made between Past Learning and New Concepts.
Key Vocabulary Emphasized.

4. Indicators of Instruction: Comprehensible Input.
Appropriate Speech for ELLs.
Explanation of Academic Tasks.
Use of Techniques.

5. Indicators of Instruction: Strategies.
Scaffolding Techniques.

6. Indicators of Instruction: Interaction.
Opportunities for Interaction.
Grouping Configurations.
Wait Time.
Clarifying Key Concepts in L1.

7. Indicators of Instruction: Practice/Application.
Hands-On Materials and/or Manipulatives for Practice.
Application of Content and Language Knowledge.
Integration of Language Skills.

8. Indicators of Instruction: Lesson Delivery.
Content Objectives.
Language Objectives.
Students Engaged.

9. Indicators of Review/Assessment.
Review of Key Vocabulary.
Review of Key Content Concepts.
Providing Feedback.
Assessment of Lesson Objectives.

10. Scoring and Interpretation of the SIOP.
SIOP Heading.
How to Score the SIOP.
Sample Lesson.
Using SIOP Scores.
Reliability and Validity of the SIOP.

Appendix A: Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) and Abbreviated SIOP.

Appendix B: SIOP Lesson Planning Guide.

Appendix C: Reliability and Validity Study of the SIOP.




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