9781319054724

Making Literature Matter An Anthology for Readers and Writers

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781319054724

  • ISBN10:

    1319054722

  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2017-12-28
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

Students have always responded powerfully to the memorable stories, poems, plays, and essays gathered in distinctive clusters in Making Literature Matter’s thematic anthology. At the same time, the book’s chapters on reading, writing, and research help students harness those responses into persuasive, well-supported arguments about the issues raised by the literature.



As ever, the new edition of Making Literature Matter reflects John Schilb and John Clifford’s careful attention to emerging pedagogical needs. In response to instructor requests, the text includes even more instruction on the key skills of argumentation, critical reading, and research, while linking literature more directly to the newsworthy current issues of today in new "Literature and Current Issues" clusters. Further, they have read widely to identify the most engaging recent fiction, poetry, drama, and nonfiction, and based their new choices for the seventh edition on how well that literature explores issues that matter to students right now.



Making Literature Matter is also available with LaunchPad Solo for Literature, a set of online materials that helps beginning literature students learn and practice close reading and critical thinking skills in an interactive environment. To order Making Literature Matter packaged with LaunchPad Solo for Literature, use ISBN 978-1-319-07191-2.

Table of Contents

* New material is starred




PART ONE: WORKING WITH LITERATURE



Chapter 1: What Is Literature? How and Why Does It Matter?


James Wright, Lying in a Hammock at William Duffy’s Farm in Pine Island, Minnesota (poem)


How Have People Defined Literature?


What Makes Literature "Literature"?


      Maxine Kumin, Woodchucks (poem)


      *Ted Chiang, The Great Silence


Why Study Literature in a College Writing Course?


What Can You Do to Make Literature Matter to Others?


Summing Up




Chapter 2: How to Read Closely


Basic Strategies for Close Reading


Close Readings of a Poem


      Sharon Olds, Summer Solstice, New York City (poem)


Applying the Strategies


Reading Closely by Annotating


      X.J. Kennedy, Death of a Window Washer (poem)


Further Strategies for Close Reading


      Identify Characters’ Emotions to Get Ideas


      Edward Hirsch, Execution (poem)


      Identify Speech Acts


Daniel Orozco, Orientation (story)


Use Topics of Literary Studies to Get Ideas


      Lynda Hull, Night Waitress (poem)


      T.S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock (poem)
   
      *Allison Alsup, Old Houses (story)


Summing Up




Chapter 3: How to Make Arguments about Literature


What Is Argument?


Jamaica Kincaid, Girl (story)


Strategies for Making Arguments about Literature


Identify an Issue


Make a Claim


Aim to Persuade


Consider Your Audience


Gather and Present Evidence


Explain Your Reasoning


Identify Your Assumptions


Make Use of Appeals


A Sample Student Argument about Literature


Ann Schumwalt, The Mother’s Mixed Messages in "Girl"


Looking at Literature as Argument


      John Milton, When I Consider How My Light Is Spent (poem)


      Robert Frost, Mending Wall (poem)


      *W.H. Auden, Refugee Blues (poem)


Literature and Current Issues


      *Rivka Galchen, Usl at the Stadium (story)


      *Jon Ronson, from "How One Stupid Tweet Blew Up Justine Sacco’s Life (argument)


      *Jennifer Jacquet, from Is Shame Necessary? (argument)


Summing Up




Chapter 4: The Writing Process


William Wordsworth, The Solitary Reaper (poem)


Strategies for Exploring


Strategies for Planning


Choose a Text


Identify Your Audience


Identify Your Issue, Claim, and Evidence


Identify Your Assumptions


Determine Your Organization


Strategies for Composing


First Draft of a Student Paper


      Abby Hazelton, The Passage of Time in "The Solitary Reaper"


Strategies for Revising


      A Checklist for Revising


Revised Draft of a Student Paper


      Abby Hazelton, The Passage of Time in "The Solitary Reaper"     


Strategies for Writing a Comparative Paper


      Don Paterson, Two Trees (poem)


      Luisa A. Igloria, Regarding History (poem)


      List Similarities and Differences


      Consider "Weighting" Your Comparison


A Student Comparative Paper


      Jeremy Cooper, Don Paterson's Criticism of Nature's Owners


Summing Up




Chapter 5: Writing about Literary Genres


Writing about Stories


      Eudora Welty, A Visit of Charity


The Elements of Short Fiction


Final Draft of a Student Paper


      Tanya Vincent, The Real Meaning of  "Charity" in "A Visit of Charity"


Summing Up: Writing about Short Stories


Writing about Poems


      Mary Oliver, Singapore


      Yusef Komunyakaa, Blackberries


      Edwin Arlington Robinson, The Mill


A Student’s Personal Responses to the Poems


First Draft of a Student Paper



Michaela Fiorucci, Boundaries in Robinson, Komunyakaa, and Oliver


The Elements of Poetry


Revised Draft of a Student Paper


      Michaela Fiorucci, Negotiationg Boundaries


Summing Up: Writing about Poems


Writing about Plays


August Strindberg, The Stronger


A Student’s Personal Response to the Play


The Elements of Drama


Plot and Structure


Characters


Stage Directions and Setting


Imagery


Language


Theme


Final Draft of a Student Paper


      Trish Carlisle, Which Is the Stronger Actress in August Strindberg's Play?


Summing Up: Writing about Plays


Writing about Essays


      June Jordan, Many Rivers to Cross


A Student’s Personal Response to the Essay


The Elements of Essays


Final Draft of a Student Paper


      Isla Bravo, Resisting Women's Roles


Summing Up: Writing about Essays




Portfolio: Comparing Poems and Pictures


Analyzing Visual Art


Writing an Essay That Compares Literature and Art


A Sample Paper Comparing a Poem and a Picture


      Karl Magnusson, Lack of Motion and Speech in Rolando Perez’s "Office at Night"


      Edward Hopper, Office at Night (picture) / Rolando Perez, Office at Night (prose poem)


      Edward Hopper, Conference at Night (picture) / Victoria Chang, Edward Hopper’s Conference at Night (poem)


      Gustav Klimt, The Kiss (picture) / Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Short Story on a Painting of Gustav Klimt (poem)


      Edvard Munch, The Scream (picture) / May Miller, The Scream (poem)


      Frida Kahlo, Frida and Diego Rivera (picture) / David Dominguez, Wedding Portrait (poem)


      Rembrandt van Rjin, Self-Portrait at the Age of 63 (painting) / Linda Pastan, Ethics (poem)


      *Diane Arbus, Old Woman with Hands Raised in the Ocean, Coney Island, NY, 1960 (painting) /Stevie Smith, Not Waving But Drowning (poem)


      *Jacob Lawrence, They Were Very Poor (painting)/Sandra Gilbert, Jacob Lawrence’s They Were Very Poor (poem)


Chapter 6: Writing Researched Arguments


*Begin Your Research by Giving It Direction


Search for Sources in the Library and Online


Evaluate the Sources


*Record Your Sources’ Key Details


Strategies for Integrating Sources


*Avoid Plagiarism


*Strategies for Documenting Sources (2016 MLA Format)


MLA In-Text Citation


      MLA Works Cited


Five Annotated Student Researched Arguments


A Researched Argument that Uses a Literary Work to Examine Social Issues


      Sarah Michaels, "The Yellow Wallpaper" as a Guide to Social Factors in Postpartum Depression


How Sarah Uses Her Sources


A Researched Argument that Deals with Existing Interpretations of a Literary Work


      Katie Johnson, The Meaning of the Husband's Fainting in "The Yellow Wall-Paper"


How Katie Uses Her Sources


A Researched Argument that Analyzes a Literary Work through the Framework of a Particular Theorist


      Jacob Grobowicz, Using Foucault to Understand Disciplinary Power in Gilman's "The Yellow Wall-Paper"


*How Jacob Uses His Sources


A Researched Argument that Places a Literary Work in Historical and Cultural Context


      Brittany Thomas, The Relative Absence of teh Human Touch in "The Yellow Wall-Paper"


How Brittany Uses Her Sources


A Researched Argument that Places a Literary Work in a Multimedia Context


      Kyra Blaylock, Different Kinds of Horrifying Images in "The Yellow Wallpaper" and "A Salem Witch"


*How Kyra Uses Her Sources


Making a Multimedia Presentation about a Literary WorkSumming Up


Cultural Contexts: Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s "The Yellow Wallpaper"


      Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper


Cultural Contexts


      Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Why I Wrote "The Yellow Wallpaper"


S. Weir Mitchell, From The Evolution of the Rest Treatment


      John Harvey Kellogg, From The Ladies' Guide in Health and Disease




*Chapter 7: Writing with Critical Approaches to Literature


Contemporary Schools of Criticism


New Criticism; Feminist Criticism; Psychoanalytic Criticism;


Marxist Criticism; Deconstruction; Reader-Response Criticism; Postcolonial Criticism; New Historicism; Queer Theory; *Affect Theory; *Performance Theory; *Cognitive Theory; *Thing Theory


      Working with the Critical Approaches


      James Joyce, Counterparts (story)


      Molly Frye, A Refugee at Home (student paper)


      James Joyce, Eveline




PART TWO: LITERATURE AND ITS ISSUES



Chapter 8: FamiliesReconciling with Fathers: Poems


      Lucille Clifton, forgiving my father


      Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays


      Theodore Roethke, My Papa's Waltz


      Li-Young Lee, My Father, in Heaven, Is Reading Out Loud


Grandparents and Legacies: Poems


      Nikki Giovanni, Legacies


      Linda Hogan, Heritage


      Gary Soto, Behind Grandma's House


      Alberto Ríos, Mi Abuelo


      Judith Ortiz Cofer, Claims


Gays and Lesbians in Families: Poems


      Essex Hemphill, Commitments


      Audre Lorde, Who Said It Was Simple


      Minnie Bruce Pratt, Two Small-Sized Girls


      Richard Blanco, Queer Theory: According to My Grandmother


Exorcising the Dead: Critical Commentaries on a Poem


      Sylvia Plath, Daddy


Critical Commentaries:


      Lynda K. Bundtzen, From Plath's Incarnations


      Steven Gould Axelrod, From Sylvia Plath: The Wound and the Cure of Words


      Tim Kendall, from Sylvia Plath: A Critical Study


Mothers and Daughters: Stories


      Tillie Olsen, I Stand Here Ironing


      Amy Tan, Two Kinds


      Alice Walker, Everyday Use


Longing for a Father: Stories


      John Cheever, Reunion


      Dagoberto Gilb, Uncle Rock


A Troubled Freedom: Cultural Contexts for a Story

Ernest Hemingway, Soldier’s Home

Cultural Contexts:

      James M. Hutchisson, From Ernest Hemingway: A New Life

      Leicester Hemingway, From My Brother, Ernest Hemingway

      *Caroline Alexander, The Shock of War


*Literature and Current Issues: Why Do Children Rebel Against Parental Expectations?


      *Hanif Kureishi, My Son the Fanatic (story)


      *Arguments on the Issue


      *Roger Cohen, Why ISIS Trumps Freedom


      *Abdelkader Benali, From Teenage Angst to Jiha


Food in Families: Essays


      Ruth Reichl, The Queen of Mold


      David Sedaris, Tasteless


      *Geeta Kothari, If You Are What You Eat, Then What Am I?


Critical Decisions about Parenthood: Across Genres


      Maxine Hong Kingston, No Name Woman (essay)


      *David Foster Wallace, Good People (story)


Chapter 9: Love


True Love: Poems


      William Shakespeare, Let me not to the marriage of true minds


      John Keats, Bright Star


      Elizabeth Barrett Browning, How Do I Love Thee?


      e. e. cummings, somewhere i have never travelled



Passionate Love: Poems


      Michael S. Harper, Discovery


      Susan Minot, My Husband’s Back


      *Derek Walcott, Love After Love


Melancholy Loves: Poems


      Edna St. Vincent Millay, What My Lips Have Kissed, and Where, and Why


      *W.H. Auden, Funeral Blues


      Robin Becker, Morning Poem


Seductive Arguments: Poems


      John Donne, The Flea


      Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress


Love as a Haven: Cultural Contexts for a Poem


      Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach


Cultural Contexts:


      Charles Dickens, from Hard Times


      Friedrich Engels, from The Condition of the Working Class in England


      James Eli Adams, Narrating Nature: Darwin


* Literature and Current Issues: Are Millennials Narcissists?


      *Tony Hoagland, What Narcissism Means to Me


      *Arguments on the Issue


      *Brooke Lea Foster, The Persistent Myth of the Narcissistic Millennial


      *Emily Esfahani Smith and Jennifer Aaker, Millennial Searchers


      *Colson Whitehead, How ‘You do You’ Perfectly Captures Our Narcissistic Culture


      *Kelley/Parker "Dustin’ Cartoon


Romantic Dreams: Stories


      James Joyce, Araby


      John Updike, A & P


      Leslie Marmon Silko, Yellow Woman


Is This Love? Stories


      William Faulkner, A Rose for Emily


      Raymond Carver, What We Talk About When We Talk About Love


Jealous Love: Critical Commentaries on a Play


      William Shakespeare, Othello 


Critical Commentaries:


      A.C. Bradley, The Noble Othello


      Millicent Bell, Othello's Jealousy


      Jeffrie G. Murphy, Jealousy, Shame, and the Rival     


Arguments about Love: Essays


      Laura Kipnis, Against Love


      Meghan O'Rourke, The Marriage Trap


*Impossible Love: Across Genres


      Seamus Heaney, Punishment (poem)


      *Karen Russell, Bog Girl (story)

Chapter 10: Freedom and Confinement


Struggling against Stereotypes: Poems


      Chrystos, Today Was a Bad Day Like TB


      Dwight Okita, In Response to Executive Order 9066


      Pat Mora, Legal Alien


      Toi Derricotte, Black Boys Play the Classics


      Naomi Shihab Nye, Blood


      *David Hernandez, "Words without Thoughts Never to Heaven Go"


Remembering the Death Camps: Poems


      Martin Niemoller, First They Came for the Jews


      Nelly Sachs, Chorus of the Rescued


      Marianne Cohn, I Shall Betray Tomorrow


      Karen Gershon, Race


      Anne Sexton, After Auschwitz


A Creative Confinement: A Collection of Poems by Emily Dickinson


      Emily Dickinson, Wild Nights--Wild Nights!


      Emily Dickinson, Tell all the Truth but tell it slant--


      *Emily Dickinson, Success is counted sweetest


      *Emily Dickinson, My Life had stood—a Loaded Gun*


Where Tradition Is a Trap: Stories


      Shirly Jackson, The Lottery


      *Alexander Weinstein, Rocket Night*


Dreams of Escape: Stories


      Kate chopin, The Story of an Hour


      *Kirstin Valdez Quade, The Manzanos     


*Escaping Confinement: Critical Commentaries on a Story


      *Vladimir Nabokov, "Signs and Symbols"


Critical Commentaries:


      *Wayne Goodman, from "Forum: High Pressure: Psychosis, Performance, Schizophrenia, Literature"


      *Brian Boyd, from Vladimir Nabokov: The American Years


      *Michael Wood, from "Consulting the Oracle"


*Literature and Current Issues: Does Our Happiness Depend on Others’ Misery?


Ursula LeGuin, The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas


      *Arguments on the Issue


      *David Brooks, The Child in the Basement


      *John R. Ehrenfeld, The Error of Trying to Measure Good and Bad


A Door to Freedom: Cultural Contexts for a Play


      Henrik Ibsen, A Doll's House


Cultural Contexts:


      August Strindberg, On A Doll’s House


      Emma Goldman, Review of  A Doll’s House


      Joan Templeton, The Doll House Backlash: Criticism, Feminism, and Ibsen


      Susanna Rustin, Why A Doll’s House Is More Relevant than Ever


*Confining Surveillance: Essays


      *Michel Foucault, Panopticon


      *Jeffrey Toobin, Edward Snowden’s Real Impact


      *Peter Ludlow, The Banality of Systemic Evil


*Surrendering Freedom on Principle: Across Genres


      Sophocles, Antigone (play)


      *T.C. Boyle, Balto (story)



Chapter 11: Crime and Justice


Justice for Animals: Poems


      D. H. Lawrence, Snake


      Elizabeth Bishop, The Fish


      William Stafford, Traveling through the Dark


      *Christopher Gilbert, On the Way Back Home


Justice for Workers: Poems


      William Blake, The Chimney Sweeper


      Philip Levine, What Work Is


      *Deborah Garrison, Worked Late on a Tuesday Night


Injustice for Communities: Poems


      Philip Shultz, Gree


      *Chad Abushnab, Dead Town


      Maurice Manning, The Hill People      


He Said/She Said: Poems      


      Robert Browning, My Last Duchess


      Gabriel Spera, My Ex-Husband


Racial Injustice: Poems


      Countee Cullen, Incident


      Natasha Trethewey, Incident


A Dream of Justice: Poems


      *Langston Hughes, Open Letter to the South


      Langston Hughes, Theme for English B


      Langston Hughes, Harlem


*Literature and Current Issues: How Just Is Capital Punishment?


      Sherman Alexie, Capital Punishment (poem)


Arguments on the Issue


      *George Will, "Capital Punishment's Slow Death"


      *Bill Otis, George Will's Limp Case Against the Death Penalty


      *Charles J. Ogletree, "Condemned to Die Because He's Black"


Discovering Injustice: Stories


      Nathaniel Hawthorne, Young Goodman Brown


      Toni Cade Bambara, The Lesson


      *Ha Jin, Saboteur


Secret Crimes: Stories


      *Edgar Allan Poe, The Tell-Tale Herat


      Andre Dubus, Killings


      Edward J. Delaney, Clean


Misfit Justice: Critical Commentaries on a Story


      Flannery O'Connor, A Good Man Is Hard to Find


Critical Commentaries:


      Flannery O’Connor, from Mystery and Manners


      Martha Stephens, from The Question of Flannery O’Connor


      Stephen Bandy, from "‘One of My Babies’: The Misfit and the Grandmother"


      John Desmond, from "Flannery O’Connor’s Misfit and the Mystery of Evil"


A Menacing Stalker: Cultural Contexts for a Story


      Joyce Carol Oates, Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been


Cultural Contexts


      Don Moser, The Pied Piper of Tucson


      Joyce Carol Oates, Smooth Talk: Short Story into Film


      *Meghan Daum, Jaycee Dugard and the Feel-Good Imperative


Trials of Marriage: Plays


      Susan Glaspell, Trifles


      Lynn Nottage, POOF!


Recalling a Violent Crime: Essays


      Bruce Shapiro, One Violent Crive


      Emily Bernard, Scar Tissue


New Across Genres: Eyewitness Testimony


      *Ida Fink, The Table (play)


      *Ry?nosuke Akutagawa, In a Bamboo Grove (short story)




Chapter 12: Journeys


Roads Taken: A Collection of Poems by Robert Frost


      Robert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening


      Robert Frost, The Road Not Taken


      Robert Frost, Acquainted with the Night


      *Robert Frost, Birches


Visionary Journeys: Poems


      Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Kubla Khan


      Percy Bysshe Shelly, Ozymandias


      William Butler Yeats, Sailing to Byzantium      


Mythic Journeys: Poems


      Alfred Lord Tennyson, Ulysses


      Adrienne Rich, Divisng into the WreckA


 Journey to Death: Poems


      Mary Oliver, When Death Comes


      John Donne, Death Be Not Proud


      Dylan Thomas, Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night


      Emily Dickinson, Because I could not stop for Death


*Literature and Current Issues: Do Immigrants Take Jobs from Native-Born Workers?


      Jimmy Santiago Baca, So Mexicans Are Taking Jobs from Americans (poem)


Arguments on the Issue


      *Steven Camarota, Unskilled Workers Lose Out to Immigrants


      *Maria E. Enchautegui, Immigrants Are Replacing, Not Displacing, Workers


      *Ted Widmer, The Immigration Dividend


Wartime Journeys: Stories


      *Ambrose Bierce, An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge


      Tim O’Brien, The Things They Carried


Journeys to the Future: Stories


      Arthur C. Clarke, The Nine Billion Names of God


      Kurt Vonnegut, Harrison Bergeron


      *Joanna Russ, When It Changed


      *Octavia Butler, Human Evolution


Fairy Tale Journeys: Re-Visions of a Story


      Charles Perrault, Little Red Riding Hood


      Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm, Little Red Cap


      Angela Carter, The Company of Wolves


Keep This Boy Running: Cultural Contexts for a Story


      Ralph Ellison, Battle Royal


Cultural Contexts:


      Booker T. Washington, Atlanta Exposition Address (The Atlanta Compromise)


      W.E. B. DuBois, Of Mr. Booker T. Washington


      Gunnar Myrdal, Social Equality


From City to Country: Critical Commentaries on a Play


      Oscar Wilde, The Importance of Being Earnest      


Critical Commentaries:


      Sol Eltis, from Revising Wilde: Society and Subversion in the Plays of Oscar Wilde


      Tirthankar Bose, from "Oscar Wilde’s Game of Being Earnest"


      Patricia Flanagan Behrendt, from Oscar Wilde: Eros and Aesthetics


Crossing Boundaries: Essays


      Richard Rodriguez, Aria


      Jose Antonio Vargas, My Life as an Undocumented Immigrant


Traumatic Journeys: Across Genres


      Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est (poem)


      Michael Herr, Scream a Lot (essay)


      *Thomas Lux, The People of Other Village (poem)



Index of Authors, Titles, and First Lines



Index of Key Terms

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