9780131114548

Making a Nation : The United States and Its People, Prentice Hall Portfolio Edition, Combined Volume

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  • ISBN13:

    9780131114548

  • ISBN10:

    0131114549

  • Edition: CD
  • Format: Paperback w/CD
  • Copyright: 2004-01-01
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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Summary

For Introduction to U.S. History courses. Making a Nation, Concise Edition focuses on the relationships that shape and define human identityculture, race, gender, class and sectional relations. The text shows that politics and the economy do not simply shape, but in turn are shaped by, the lives and cultural values of ordinary men and women. This political economy approach allows students to see the links between the particular and the general, between large and seemingly abstract forces such as globalization and political struggle, and the everyday decisions made by ordinary men and women.

Table of Contents

(NOTE: Volume I includes Chapters 1-16 and Volume II includes Chapters 16-31. All chapters also include a Web Connection box, a History on the Internet section, and a Special Feature box. All chapters conclude with a Conclusion, Chronology, Review Questions, and Suggestions for Further Readings.)
1. Worlds in Motion, 1450-1550.

Vignette: Christopher Columbus: World Traveler. The Worlds of Christopher Columbus. The World of the Indian Peoples. Worlds in Collision. The Biological Consequences of Conquest. Onto the Mainland.

2. Colonial Outposts, 1550-1660.
Vignette: Don Luís de Velasco Finds His Way Home. Pursuing Wealth and Glory Along the North American Shore. Spanish Outposts. New France: An Outpost in the Global Political Economy. New Netherland: The Empire of a Trading Nation. England Attempts an Empire.

3. The English Come to Stay, 1600-1660.
Vignette: The Adventures of John Rolfe. The First Chesapeake Colonies. The Political Economy of Slavery Emerges. A Bible Commonwealth in the New England Wilderness. Dissension in the Puritan Ranks.

4. Creating the Empire, 1660-1720.
Vignette: Tituba Shapes Her World and Saves Herself. The Plan of Empire. New Colonies, New Patterns. The Transformation of Virginia. New England Under Assault. The Empire Strikes. Massachusetts in Crisis. French and Spanish Outposts. Conquest, Revolt, and Reconquest in New Mexico.

5. The Eighteenth-Century World: Economy, Society, and Culture, 1700-1775.
Vignette: George Whitefield: Evangelist for a Consumer Society. The Population Explosion of the Eighteenth Century. The Transatlantic Political Economy: Producing and Consuming. The Varieties of Colonial Experience. The Head and the Heart in America: The Enlightenment and Religious Awakening. The Ideas of the Enlightenment.

6. Conflict on the Edge of the Empire, 1713-1774.
Vignette: Susannah Willard Johnson Experiences the Empire. The Wars for Empire. The Victory of the British Empire. Enforcing the Empire. Rejecting the Empire. The Imperial Crisis in Local Context. A Revolution in the Empire.

7. Creating a New Nation, 1775-1788.
Vignette: James Madison Helps Make a Nation. The War Begins. Winning the Revolution. The Challenge of the Revolution. A New Policy in the West. Creating a New National Government.

8. The Experiment Undertaken, 1789-1800.
Vignette: Washington's Inauguration. Conceptions of Political Economy in the New Republic. Factions and Order in the New Government. Congress Begins Its Work. A State and Its Boundaries. America in the Transatlantic Community.

9. Liberty and Empire, 1800-1815.
Vignette: Gabriel's Conspiracy for Freedom. Voluntary Communities in the Age of Jefferson. Jeffersonian Republicanism: Politics of Transition. Liberty and an Expanding Commerce. The Political Economy of an “Empire of Liberty” . The Second War with England.

10. The Market Revolution, 1815-1824.
Vignette: Cincinnati: Queen of the West. New Lands, New Markets. A New Nationalism. Firebells in the Night. The Political Economy of Regionalism.

11. Securing Democracy, 1820-1832.
Vignette: Jackson's Election. Perfectionism and the Theology of Human Striving. The Common Man and the Political Economy of Democracy. The Democratic Impulse in Presidential Politics. President Jackson: Vindicating the Common Man.

12. Reform and Conflict, 1828-1836.
Vignette: Free Labor Under Attack. The Growth of Sectional Tension. The Political Economy of Early Industrial Society. Self-Reform and Social Regulation.

13. Manifest Destiny, 1836-1848.
Vignette: Mah-i-ti-wo-nee-ni Remembers Life on the Great Plains. The Setting of the Jacksonian Sun. The Political Economy of the Trans-Mississippi West. Slavery and the Political Economy of Expansion.

14. The Politics of Slavery, 1848-1860.
Vignette: Frederick Douglass. The Political Economy of Freedom and Slavery. Slavery Becomes a Political Issue. Nativism and the Origins of the Republican Party. A New Political Party Takes Shape. An “Irrepressible” Conflict? The Retreat from Union.

15. A War for Union and Emancipation, 1861-1865.
Vignette: Edmund Ruffin. From Union to Emancipation. Mobilizing for War. The Civil War Becomes a Social Revolution. The War at Home. The War Comes to a Bloody End.

16. Reconstruction, 1865-1877.
Vignette: John Dennett Visits a Freedman's Bureau Court. Wartime Reconstruction. Presidential Reconstruction, 1865-1867. Congressional Reconstruction. The Retreat from Republican Radicalism. Reconstruction in the North. The End of Reconstruction.

17. The Triumph of Industrial Capitalism, 1850-1890.
Vignette: Rosa Cassettari. The Political Economy of Global Capitalism. The Rise of Big Business. Andrew Carnegie and the Rise of Big Business. A New Social Order. The Industrial Working Class Comes of Age. Clearing the West for Capitalism. The Economic Transformation of the West.

18. Cultural Struggles of Industrial America: 1850-1895.
Vignette: Anthony Comstock's Crusade Against Violence. The Varieties of Urban Culture. The Elusive Boundaries of Male and Female. Immigration as a Cultural Problem. The Creation of High Culture. Artistic Realism Embraces Urban and Industrial America.

19. The Politics of Industrial Society, 1870-1892.
Vignette: Crusade Against Alcohol. Two Political Styles. Economic Issues Dominate National Politics. Government Activism and Its Limits. Middle Class Radicalism. Discontent Among Workers.

20. Industry and Empire, 1890-1900.
Vignette: The Crisis of the 1890s. A Modern Political Economy. The Retreat from Politics. American Diplomacy Enters the Modern World.

21. A United Body of Action, 1900-1916.
Vignette: Alice Hamilton. Toward a New Politics. The Progressives. Progressives in State and Local Politics. The Presidency Becomes “The Administration.” Rival Visions of the Industrial Future.

22. A Global Power, 1914-1919.
Vignette: Walter Lippmann. The Challenges of Revolution and Neutrality. The Drift to War. Mobilizing the Nation and the Economy. Over There. The Black Cloud in the East.

23. The 1920's.
Vignette: “The Queen of Swimmers.” A Dynamic Economy. A Modern Culture. The Limits of Modern Culture. A “New Era” in Politics. The Modern Political System.

24. A Great Depression and a New Deal, 1930-1940.
Vignette: Sidney Hillman and the Search for Security. The Great Depression. The First New Deal. The Second New Deal. Crisis of the New Deal.

25. The Second World War, 1941-1945.
Vignette: A. Phillip Randolph. Island in a Totalitarian Sea. Turning the Tide. Organizing for Production. Between Idealism and Fear. Closing with the Enemy.

26. The Cold War, 1945-1952.
Vignette: The Fall of Esther and Stephen Brunauer. The Origins of the Cold War. Fighting the Cold War Abroad. The Reconversion of American Society. The Frustrations of Liberalism. Fighting the Cold War at Home.

27. The Consumer Society, 1950-1960.
Vignette: E.J. Korvettes. Living the Good Life. A Homogenous Society? The Eisenhower Era. Challenges to the Consumer Society. The Beat Movement.

28. The Rise and Fall of the New Liberalism, 1960-1968.
Vignette: “We Would Never Be Beaten” : Vietnam. The Liberal Opportunity. Implementing the Liberal Agenda. Winning Civil Rights. Fighting the Cold War. The American War in Vietnam. The Great Society Comes Apart.

29. Living with Less, 1968-1980.
Vignette: “Panic at the Pump,” 1973-1974. A New Crisis: Economic Decline. Confronting Decline: Nixon's Strategy. Refusing to Settle for Less: Struggles for Rights. Backlash: From Radical Action to Conservative Reaction. Political Crisis: Three Troubled Presidencies.

30. The Triumph of a New Conservatism, 1980-1988.
Vignette: The Trumps' American Dream. A New Conservative Majority. The Rise of the Religious Right. The Reagan Revolution at Home. The Reagan Style. The Reagan Revolution Abroad. The Middle East and Terrorism. The Battle Over Conservative Social Values. The Limits of the New Conservatism.

31. A New America?, 1989.
Vignette: Felix Andreev and “The Blessing of America.” After the Cold War. A New Economy. Political Uncertainty. Struggles Over Diversity and Rights.

Combined

Excerpts

Every human life is shaped by a variety of different relationships. Cultural relations, diplomatic relations, race, gender, and class relations, all contribute to how an individual interacts with the larger global community. This was the theme of the full-length version of Making a Nation.For this concise edition, the authors have worked hard to retain the theme while reducing some of the illustrious material. This allows us to retain our emphasis on the relationships that have historically shaped and defined the identities of the American people. So, for example, to disentangle the identity of a Mexican American woman working in a factory in Los Angeles in the year 2000 is to confront the multiple and overlapping "identities" that define a single American life. There are many ways to explore these and similar relationships. Making a Nationviews them through the lens of political economy. In March of 1776, a few months before American colonists declared their independence from Great Britain, Adam Smith published his masterpiece, The Wealth of Nations.Smith had delayed publication of his work for a year so that he could perfect a lengthy chapter on Anglo-American relations. Thus The Wealth of Nations,one of the most important documents in a new branch of knowledge known as political economy, was written with a close eye to events in the British colonies of North America, the colonies that were soon to become the United States. What did Smith and his many American followers mean by political economy? They meant, firstly, that the economy itself is much broader than the gross national product, the unemployment rate, or the twists and turns of the stock market. They understood that economies are tightly bound to politics, that they are therefore the products of history rather than nature or accident. And just as men and women make history, so too do they make economies--in the way they work and organize their families as much as in their fiscal policies and tax structures. Political economy is a way of thinking that is deeply embedded in American history. To this day we casually assume that different government policies create different "incentives" shaping everything from the way capital gains are invested to how parents raise their children, from how unmarried mothers on welfare can escape from poverty, to how automobile manufacturers design cars for fuel efficiency and pollution control. Political economy is the art and science that traces these connections between government, the economy, and the relationships that shape the daily lives of ordinary men and women. But that connection points in different directions. Politics and the economy do not simply shape, but are in turn shaped by, the lives and cultural values of ordinary men and women. Put differently, political economy establishes a context that allows students to see the links between the particular and the general, between large and seemingly abstract forces such as "globalization" and the struggles of working parents who find they need two incomes to provide for their children. Making a Nationshows that such relationships were as important in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries as they are today. In a sense, globalization has been a theme in American history from its earliest beginnings. As the opening chapters demonstrate, Europe, Africa and the Americas were linked to each other in an Atlantic world across which everything was exchanged, deadly diseases along with diplomatic formalities, political structures and cultural assumptions, African slaves and Europeans servants, colonists and commodities. In subsequent chapters Making a Nationtraces the development of the newly formed United States by once again stressing the link between the lives of ordinary men and women to the grand political struggles of the day. Should the federal government

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