9780312417680

The Making of the West; Peoples and Cultures, Volume B

by ; ; ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780312417680

  • ISBN10:

    0312417683

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Trade Paper
  • Copyright: 2004-09-20
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

Praised for its highly readable narrative and unmatched chronological integration of political, social and cultural history, The Making of the West: Peoples and Cultures captures the spirit of each age as it situates Europe within a global context. An innovative organization seamlessly connects historical events and everyday life, while the text's distinctive features introduce students to the process of historical thinking. The fully revised second edition includes superior student support, 60 additional in-text primary sources, and comprehensive treatment of the post-1945 era.

Table of Contents

Preface v
Maps and Figures
xix
Special Features xxiii
To the Student xxv
About the Authors xxxi
The Crisis of Late Medieval Society, 1320--1430
467(38)
Political Crises across Europe
468(14)
The Changing Nature of Warfare
468(1)
The Hundred Years' War, 1337--1453
469(7)
Popular Uprisings
476(2)
Imperial Fragmentation and Eastern European State Building
478(2)
Multiethnic States on the Frontiers
480(2)
The Plague and Society
482(6)
Rise and Spread of the Plague
482(3)
Responses to the Plague: Flagellants and Anti-Semitism
485(1)
Consequences of the Plague
486(2)
Challenges to Spiritual Authority
488(5)
The Papal Monarchy and Its Critics
488(1)
The Great Schism, 1378--1417
489(1)
The Conciliar Movement
489(2)
Dissenters and Heretics
491(1)
The Hussite Revolution
492(1)
The Social Order and Cultural Change
493(7)
The Household
493(3)
The Underclass
496(1)
Hard Times for Trade
496(1)
The Flourishing of Vernacular Literature and the Birth of Humanism
497(3)
Conclusion
500(1)
Suggested References
501(2)
Chapter Review
503(2)
Contrasting Views: Joan of Arc: Who Was ``The Maid''?
474(20)
Individual Documents: Piers the Ploughman
494(4)
The Book of the City of Ladies (1405)
498(7)
Renaissance Europe, 1400--1500
505(42)
Widening Intellectual Horizons
506(4)
The Humanist Renewal
507(2)
The Advent of Printing
509(1)
Revolution in the Arts
510(7)
From Artisan to Artist
511(1)
The Human Figure
512(2)
Order through Perspective
514(2)
New Musical Harmonies
516(1)
The Intersection of Private and Public Lives
517(4)
Renaissance Social Hierarchy
517(2)
Family Alliances
519(1)
The Regulation of Sexuality
520(1)
The Renaissance State and the Art of Politics
521(10)
Republics and Principalities in Italy
522(2)
Renaissance Diplomacy
524(1)
Monarchies and Empires
525(6)
On the Threshold of World History: Widening Geographic Horizons
531(10)
The Divided Mediterranean
532(1)
Portuguese Explorations
533(3)
The Voyages of Columbus
536(3)
A New Era in Slavery
539(1)
Europeans in the New World
539(2)
Conclusion
541(1)
Suggested References
542(2)
Chapter Review
544(3)
Terms of History: Renaissance
508(26)
New Sources, New Perspectives: Portuguese Voyages of Discovery
534
Individual Documents: A Merchant's Advice to His Sons
518(20)
Columbus Describes His First Voyage (1493)
538(9)
The Struggle for Reformation Europe, 1500--1560
547(34)
A New Heaven and a New Earth
548(4)
The Crisis of Faith
548(2)
Christian Humanism
550(2)
Protestant Reformers
552(7)
Martin Luther and the German Nation
552(4)
Huldrych Zwingli and the Swiss Confederation
556(1)
John Calvin and Christian Discipline
557(2)
Reshaping Society through Religion
559(6)
Challenging the Social Order
559(2)
New Forms of Discipline
561(4)
A Struggle for Mastery
565(8)
The Court
566(1)
Art and the Christian Knight
566(2)
Wars among Habsburgs, Valois, and Ottomans
568(2)
The Finance and Technologies of War
570(1)
Divided Realms
571(2)
A Continuing Reformation
573(4)
Catholic Renewal
574(1)
Missionary Zeal
575(2)
Conclusion
577(1)
Suggested References
578(1)
Chapter Review
579(2)
Contrasting Views: Martin Luther: Holy Man or Heretic?
554
Individual Documents: Thomas More, Utopia (1516)
551(5)
Erasmus Writes to Martin Luther (1519)
556(25)
A Century of Crisis, 1560--1648
581(40)
Religious Conflicts and State Power, 1560--1618
582(9)
French Wars of Religion, 1562--1598
582(4)
Challenges to Spanish Power
586(3)
Elizabeth I's Defense of English Protestantism
589(1)
The Clash of Faiths and Empires in Eastern Europe
590(1)
The Thirty Years' War and the Balance of Power, 1618--1648
591(6)
Origins and Course of the War
592(1)
The Effects of Constant Fighting
593(2)
The Peace of Westphalia, 1648
595(2)
Economic Crisis and Realignment
597(9)
From Growth to Recession
598(1)
Consequences for Daily Life
599(4)
The Economic Balance of Power
603(3)
A Clash of Worldviews
606(11)
The Arts in an Age of Crisis
606(2)
The Natural Laws of Politics
608(2)
Origins of the Scientific Revolution
610(5)
Magic and Witchcraft
615(2)
Conclusion
617(1)
Suggested References
618(1)
Chapter Review
619(2)
New Sources, New Perspectives: Tree Rings and the Little Ice Age
600(10)
Did You Know? The Gregorian Calendar (1582)
610
Individual Documents: The Horrors of the Thirty Years' War
594(19)
Galileo Writes to Kepler About Their Common Interests in Astronomy
613(8)
State Building and the Search for Order, 1648--1690
621(44)
Louis XIV: Model of Absolutism
622(8)
The Fronde, 1648--1653
623(1)
Court Culture as an Element of Absolutism
624(2)
Enforcing Religious Orthodoxy
626(1)
Extending State Authority at Home and Abroad
627(3)
Absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe
630(6)
Brandenburg-Prussia and Sweden: Militaristic Absolutism
631(1)
An Uneasy Balance: Austrian Habsburgs and Ottoman Turks
632(2)
Russia: Foundations of Bureaucratic Absolutism
634(1)
Poland-Lithuania Overwhelmed
635(1)
Constitutionalism in England
636(9)
England Turned Upside Down, 1642--1660
637(6)
The Glorious Revolution of 1688
643(2)
Constitutionalism in the Dutch Republic and the Overseas Colonies
645(4)
The Dutch Republic
645(3)
Freedom and Slavery in the New World
648(1)
The Search for Order in Elite and Popular Culture
649(12)
Social Contract Theory: Hobbes and Locke
650(1)
Newton and the Consolidation of the Scientific Revolution
651(2)
Freedom and Order in the Arts
653(3)
Women and Manners
656(2)
Reforming Popular Culture
658(3)
Conclusion
661(1)
Suggested References
661(2)
Chapter Review
663(2)
Contrasting Views: The English Civil War
640(7)
Did You Know? Tobacco and the Invention of ``Smoking''
647(7)
Individual Documents: John Milton's Defense of Freedom of the Press
654(5)
Aphra Behn, Oroonoko
659(6)
The Atlantic System and Its Consequences, 1690--1740
665(42)
The Atlantic System and the World Economy
667(9)
Slavery and the Atlantic System
667(6)
World Trade and Settlement
673(2)
The Birth of Consumer Society
675(1)
New Social and Cultural Patterns
676(7)
Agricultural Revolution
676(2)
Social Life in the Cities
678(2)
The Growth of a Literate Public
680(1)
New Tastes in the Arts
680(3)
Religious Revivals
683(1)
Consolidation of the European State System
683(12)
The Limits of French Absolutism
684(2)
British Rise and Dutch Decline
686(2)
Russia's Emergence as a European Power
688(2)
The Balance of Power in the East
690(2)
The Power of Diplomacy and the Importance of Numbers
692(1)
Public Hygiene and Health Care
693(2)
The Birth of the Enlightenment
695(7)
Popularization of Science and Challenges to Religion
695(3)
Travel Literature and the Challenge to Custom and Tradition
698(2)
Raising the Woman Question
700(2)
Conclusion
702(1)
Suggested References
702(2)
Chapter Review
704(3)
New Sources, New Perspectives: Oral History and the Life of Slaves
672(24)
Terms of History: Progress
696
Individual Documents: Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, Smallpox Inoculation in the Ottoman Empire
694(5)
Voltaire, Letters Concerning the English Nation (1733)
699(8)
The Promise of Enlightenment, 1740--1789
707(40)
The Enlightenment at Its Height
708(14)
Men and Women of the Republic of Letters
709(3)
Conflicts with Church and State
712(1)
The Individual and Society
713(4)
Spreading the Enlightenment
717(3)
The Limits of Reason: Roots of Romanticism and Religious Revival
720(2)
Society and Culture in an Age of Enlightenment
722(7)
The Nobility's Reassertion of Privilege
722(1)
The Middle Class and the Making of a New Elite
723(3)
Life on the Margins
726(2)
The Roots of Industrialization
728(1)
State Power in an Era of Reform
729(7)
War and Diplomacy
730(3)
State-Sponsored Reform
733(2)
Limits of Reform
735(1)
Rebellions against State Power
736(6)
Food Riots and Peasant Uprisings
736(2)
Public Opinion and Political Opposition
738(1)
Revolution in North America
739(3)
Conclusion
742(1)
Suggested References
743(2)
Chapter Review
745(2)
Terms of History: Enlightenment
710(4)
Contrasting Views: Women and the Enlightenment
714(4)
Individual Documents: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract (1762)
718(22)
Thomas Jefferson, Declaration of Independence (July 4, 1776)
740(7)
The Cataclysm of Revolution, 1789--1800
747(40)
The Revolutionary Wave, 1787--1789
748(9)
Protesters in the Low Countries and Poland
749(3)
Origins of the French Revolution, 1787--1789
752(5)
From Monarchy to Republic, 1789--1793
757(6)
The Revolution of Rights and Reason
757(4)
The End of Monarchy
761(2)
Terror and Resistance
763(7)
Robespierre and the Committee of Public Safety
763(2)
The Republic of Virtue, 1793--1794
765(2)
Resisting the Revolution
767(1)
The Fall of Robespierre and the End of the Terror, 1794--1799
768(2)
Revolution on the March
770(12)
Arms and Conquests
770(3)
European Reactions to Revolutionary Change
773(3)
Poland Extinguished, 1793--1795
776(1)
Revolution in the Colonies
777(3)
The Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte
780(2)
Conclusion
782(1)
Suggested References
783(2)
Chapter Review
785(2)
Terms of History: Revolution
750(24)
Contrasting Views: Consequences of the French Revolution
774
Individual Documents: The Rights of Minorities
758(20)
Address to the National Assembly in Favor of the Abolition of the Slave Trade (February 5, 1790)
778(9)
Napoleon and the Revolutionary Legacy, 1800--1830
787
Napoleon's Authoritarian State
788(7)
From Republic to Empire
789(3)
The New Paternalism: The Civil Code
792(1)
Patronage of Science and Intellectual Life
793(2)
``Europe Was at My Feet'': Napoleon's Conquests
795(10)
The Grand Army and Its Victories, 1800--1807
795(5)
The Impact of French Victories
800(2)
From Russian Winter to Final Defeat, 1812--1815
802(3)
The ``Restoration'' of Europe
805(5)
The Congress of Vienna, 1814--1815
805(3)
The Emergence of Conservatism
808(1)
The Revival of Religion
809(1)
Forces for Social and Cultural Change
810(9)
Industrial and Urban Growth in Britain
810(1)
The New Ideologies
811(4)
Romanticism
815(4)
Political Challenges to the Conservative Order
819(6)
Political Revolts in the 1820s
819(4)
Revolution and Reform, 1830--1832
823(2)
Conclusion
825(1)
Suggested References
826(1)
Chapter Review
827
Did You Know? How the Orient Became Oriental
794(2)
Contrasting Views: Napoleon: For and Against
796(8)
Individual Documents: An Ordinary Soldier on Campaign with Napoleon
804(12)
Wordsworth's Poetry
816
Appendix: Useful Facts and Figures 1(1)
Glossary of Key Terms 1(1)
Index 1

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