Manhood in America

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1995-11-01
  • Publisher: Free Pr

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In a time when psychologists are rediscovering Darwin, and much of our social behavioral is being reduced to ancient, hard-wired patterns, Michael Kimmel's history of manhood in America comes as a much needed reminder that our behavior as men and women is anything but stable and fixed.
Kimmel's authoritative, entertaining, and wide-ranging history of men in America demonstrates that manhood has meant very different things in different eras. Drawing on advice books, magazines, political pamphlets, and popular novels and films, he makes two surprising claims: First, manhood is homosocial - that is, men need to prove themselves to each other, not to women. Second, definitions of manliness have evolved in response to women's movements. When women act, men react.
Originally, manliness was an internal virtue and a democratic ideal - British men were viewed as fops, and American men had to be independent, honest, and responsible. By the 1890s, however, manhood changed to masculinity, something that had to be constantly proven through the new explosion of sports, fraternities, and fashion. Finally, in 1936, Lewis Terman, the creator of the IQ test, developed an "M-F" test to analyze adolescents' masculinity and femininity. Until well into the 1960s, the test penalized boys who preferred to draw flowers instead of forests, or who knew that a teacup was used for drinking tea. But just as Terman's categories and questions seem outdated to us, so will our own standards seem temporary to our successors.

Author Biography

Michael Kimmel is professor of sociology at the State University of New York, Stony Brook.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Toward a History of Manhood in America
The Making of the Self-Made Man in America, 1776-1865p. 1
The Birth of the Self-Made Manp. 13
Born to Run: Self-Control and Fantasies of Escapep. 43
The Unmaking of the Self-Made Man at the Turn of the Century
Men at Work: Captains of Industry, White Collars, and the Faceless Crowdp. 81
Playing for Keeps: Masculinity as Recreation and the Re-creation of Masculinityp. 117
A Room of His Own: Socializing the New Manp. 157
The New Man in a New Century, 1920-1950
Muscles, Money, and the M-F Test: Measuring Masculinity Between the Warsp. 191
"Temporary About Myself": White-Collar Conformists and Suburban Playboys, 1945-1960p. 223
The Contemporary "Crisis" of Masculinity
The Masculine Mystiquep. 261
Wimps, Whiners, and Weekend Warriors: The Contemporary Crisis of Masculinity and Beyondp. 291
Epilogue: Toward Democratic Manhoodp. 329
Appendix: Attitude-Interest Analysis Testp. 337
Notesp. 363
Bibliographyp. 483
Indexp. 533
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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