9780632050987

Marine Fisheries Ecology

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780632050987

  • ISBN10:

    0632050985

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2001-03-30
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

Note: Supplemental materials are not guaranteed with Rental or Used book purchases.

Purchase Benefits

  • Free Shipping On Orders Over $35!
    Your order must be $35 or more to qualify for free economy shipping. Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace items, eBooks and apparel do not qualify for this offer.
  • Get Rewarded for Ordering Your Textbooks! Enroll Now
  • We Buy This Book Back!
    In-Store Credit: $2.63
    Check/Direct Deposit: $2.50
    PayPal: $2.50
List Price: $122.95 Save up to $61.47
  • Rent Book $61.48
    Add to Cart Free Shipping

    TERM
    PRICE
    DUE
    USUALLY SHIPS IN 2-3 BUSINESS DAYS

Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

This topical and exciting textbook describes fisheries exploitation, biology, conservation and management, and reflects many recent and important changes in fisheries science. These include growing concerns about the environmental impacts of fisheries, the role of ecological interactions in determining population dynamics, and the incorporation of uncertainty and precautionary principles into management advice. The book draws upon examples from tropical, temperate and polar environments, and provides readers with a broad understanding of the biological, economic and social aspects of fisheries ecology and the interplay between them. As well as covering 'classical' fisheries science, the book focuses on contemporary issues such as industrial fishing, poverty and conflict in fishing communities, marine reserves, the effects of fishing on coral reefs and by-catches of mammals, seabirds and reptiles. The book is primarily written for students of fisheries science and marine ecology, but should also appeal to practising fisheries scientists and those interested in conservation and the impacts of humans on the marine environment.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Acknowledgements xii
Marine fisheries ecology: an introduction
1(20)
Introduction
1(1)
Fisheries of the world
1(8)
History of fisheries
1(5)
Fishery science
6(1)
Diversity of fisheries
7(2)
Patterns of exploitation
9(5)
Boom and bust
9(5)
Conservation and ecosystem concerns
14(1)
Why manage fisheries?
14(1)
Objectives of management
15(2)
Range of objectives
15(1)
Balancing objectives
16(1)
From objective to action
17(1)
Meeting management objectives
17(1)
Structure of this book
18(3)
Summary
20(1)
Marine ecology and production processes
21(18)
Introduction
21(1)
Primary production: sources and magnitude
21(1)
Phytoplanktonic production
22(6)
Links between production and physical processes
22(2)
Upwellings and fronts
24(1)
Rates of phytoplanktonic production
25(3)
Non-phytoplanktonic production
28(3)
Macroalgae
28(1)
Mangroves
29(1)
Coral reef algae
29(1)
Seagrasses and marsh plants
30(1)
Microphytobenthos
31(1)
Heterotrophic production
31(8)
The fate of primary production
31(1)
Transfer along the food chain
32(2)
Production of fished species
34(3)
Linking primary production and landings
37(1)
Summary
38(1)
Fished species, life histories and distribution
39(31)
Introduction
39(1)
Fishes
39(2)
Invertebrates
41(14)
Life histories
55(7)
Sex, sex reversal and sex ratios
55(1)
Growth, maturity and longevity
56(3)
Egg size, fecundity and reproduction
59(3)
Distribution in space and time
62(8)
Geographical ranges and stock structures
62(1)
Migration
62(3)
Larval transport, retention and dispersal
65(3)
Metapopulations
68(1)
Summary
69(1)
Population structure in space and time
70(20)
Introduction
70(1)
Recruitment
70(16)
Spanwner and recruit relationships
71(7)
Mortality during the early life history
78(5)
Depensation
83(2)
Regulation in fish populations
85(1)
Density-dependent habitat use
86(4)
Summary
88(2)
Fishing gears and techniques
90(22)
Introduction
90(1)
From shoreline gathering to satellites
90(4)
Modern commercial fishing gears
94(12)
Towed fishing gear
95(8)
Static fishing gear
103(3)
Other fishing techniques
106(2)
Conservation methods
108(4)
Summary
111(1)
Fishers: socioeconomics and human ecology
112(15)
Introduction
112(1)
Motivations for fishing
112(3)
Food
112(1)
Income
113(2)
Modifications to fishing behaviour
115(3)
Social
115(2)
Religion
117(1)
Conflicts and conflict resolution
118(9)
Competing for fish
118(3)
Fish wars
121(1)
Fishers in the political process
122(1)
Traditional management systems
123(1)
Customary marine tenure
124(1)
Co-management
125(1)
Summary
126(1)
Single-species stock assessment
127(32)
Introduction
127(1)
Balancing birth and death
127(1)
Surplus production models
128(7)
Stability
128(2)
Models of population growth
130(1)
Fitting models to data
130(2)
Surplus production models in action
132(3)
Delay--difference models
135(3)
Delay--difference models in action
137(1)
Virtual population analysis
138(6)
Age-based cohort analysis
140(3)
Length-based cohort analysis
143(1)
Statistical catch-at-age methods
144(1)
Yield-per-recruit models
145(4)
Yield-per-recruit models in action
146(3)
Incorporating recruitment
149(3)
Replacement lines
149(1)
Replacement lines in action
150(2)
Confronting risk and uncertainty
152(3)
Bayesian analysis
153(1)
Resampling methods
154(1)
Biological reference points
155(4)
Summary
157(2)
Multispecies assessment and ecosystem modelling
159(19)
Introduction
159(1)
Multispecies surplus production
159(3)
Multispecies surplus production in action
160(2)
Multispecies yield per recruit
162(1)
Multispecies yield per recruit in action
162(1)
Multispecies virtual population analysis
162(7)
Multispecies VPA in action
164(5)
Applying MSVPA data to single-species model
169(1)
Predators, prey and competitors
169(2)
Predator-prey dynamics
169(1)
Competition, an unexpected result
170(1)
Management implications
171(1)
Size spectra
171(2)
Ecosystem models
173(5)
Ecosystem models in action
174(3)
Summary
177(1)
Getting the data: stock identity and dynamics
178(27)
Introduction
178(1)
Stock identification
178(6)
The stock concept
178(1)
Methods of stock identification
178(6)
Stock dynamics
184(19)
Sampling
184(5)
Length, weight and age
189(6)
Growth
195(4)
Maturity
199(1)
Fecundity
199(2)
Mortality
201(2)
The impact of errors
203(2)
Summary
204(1)
Getting the data: abundance, catch and effort
205(18)
Introduction
205(1)
Abundance
205(14)
Survey design
205(1)
Visual census methods
206(3)
Acoustic methods
209(1)
Trawl surveys
210(3)
Depletion methods
213(1)
Mark-recapture methods
214(1)
Egg production methods
214(5)
The fishery
219(4)
Summary
221(2)
Bioeconomics
223(16)
Introduction
223(1)
The value of fisheries
223(2)
Trade in fished species
223(1)
Catch values and employment
224(1)
Bioeconomic models
225(12)
Descriptive bioeconomics
226(4)
Optimal fishing strategies
230(5)
Bayesian methods
235(2)
Economic vs. social management objectives
237(2)
Subsidies
237(1)
The case for economic efficiency
237(1)
Summary
238(1)
Fishing effects on populations and communities
239(19)
Introduction
239(1)
Vulnerability to fishing
239(3)
Behaviour
239(2)
Life histories
241(1)
Intraspecific effects
242(3)
Age and size structure
242(1)
Reproduction
243(1)
Genetic structure
244(1)
Community effects
245(13)
Diversity
245(5)
Community structure
250(1)
Size structure
251(1)
Competition and trophic interactions
252(4)
Summary
256(2)
Bycatches and discards
258(14)
Introduction
258(1)
Catches, discards and bycatches
258(2)
Definitions
258(1)
Reasons for discarding
258(2)
Alternatives to discarding
260(1)
Fisheries and bycatches
260(2)
Incidental captures
262(5)
Seabirds
262(2)
Sea turtles
264(1)
Sea snakes
265(1)
Marine mammals
265(2)
Methods to reduce bycatches
267(1)
Ghost fishing
267(3)
Sociocultural differences
270(2)
Summary
271(1)
Impacts on benthic communities, habitats and coral reefs
272(22)
Introduction
272(1)
Fishing disturbance
272(4)
Fishing vs. natural disturbance
272(1)
Distribution of fishing disturbance
273(3)
Direct effects of fishing gear on the seabed
276(8)
Towed fishing gear
276(1)
Direct effects on the substratum
277(1)
Effects on infauna
277(4)
Effects on epifauna
281(3)
Meta-analysis
284(1)
Effects of static fishing gears
284(1)
Long-term effects
285(3)
Fishing as a source of energy subsidies
288(2)
have population changes occurred?
290(1)
Indirect effects on habitats
290(4)
Loose seabeds
290(1)
Coral reefs
291(2)
Summary
293(1)
Fishery interactions with birds and mammals
294(16)
Introduction
294(1)
Birds
294(9)
Competition between birds and fisheries
296(4)
Benefits of discarding
300(1)
Waders and shellfish
301(2)
Mammals
303(7)
Competition between mammals and fisheries
304(3)
Prey release
307(2)
Summary
309(1)
A role for aquaculture?
310(17)
Introduction
310(1)
Aquaculture past and present
310(2)
What is cultivated?
312(1)
Production systems
313(1)
Feeding constraints
314(1)
Prospects for expansion
314(5)
Cage cultivation
316(2)
Stock enhancement and ranching
318(1)
Case studies
319(8)
Shrimp farming
319(3)
Bivalve mariculture
322(4)
Summary
326(1)
Management and conservation options
327(21)
Introduction
327(1)
Management objectives, strategies and actions
327(8)
From objective to action
327(1)
Catch control
328(3)
Effort control
331(1)
Technical measures
331(1)
Management in action
332(3)
Improving management
335(6)
Enforcement and compliance
335(2)
Co-management
337(1)
Ownership of resources and harvesting rights
338(1)
Uncertainty and the precautionary approach
338(1)
Role of science
339(2)
Multispecies and ecosystem-based management
341(1)
What are the objectives?
341(1)
What can be achieved?
341(1)
Managing fisheries for conservation
342(4)
Endangered species
342(1)
Habitats
343(1)
Protected areas and no-take zones
344(2)
Future trends
346(2)
Fisheries science
346(1)
Fisheries management
346(1)
Summary
347(1)
References 348(45)
Appendices
1 List of symbols
380(5)
2 Fisheries websites
385(4)
3 Geographic index
389(4)
Index 393

Rewards Program

Write a Review