Metal, Nomads and Culture Contact: The Middle East and North Africa

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2014-08-21
  • Publisher: Acumen Pub Ltd

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The book contextualises and makes a synthesis of the major cultural changes that took place in the southern Levant and northeast Africa during the 5th and 4th millennia BC. The basis is the major changes that took place with reference to animal husbandry, agriculture, exchange and interaction. Focus of the book is the introduction of metal to the southern Levant, Egypt and Lower Nubia and the role of pastoral nomadism in a context of cultural change and contact. The implications of these developments are discussed in a context of increased exchange and the development of more complex societies. With reference to the introduction of metal the implications are particularly discussed on a social level concerning the exchange system, social transformation and the role of metal in these societies.

Author Biography

Nils Anfinset is currently Research Fellow at the Department of Archaeology, University of Bergen, and connected to the research project "Global Moments in the Levant". His research interests include political archaeology and cultural heritage, late Neolithic and Bronze Age. He has taught at the University of Bergen, the University of Oslo and Birzeit University, and has worked in Norway, Nepal, Tanzania and the Middle East (Syria and the West Bank).

Table of Contents

List of Figuresp. vii
Acknowledgementsp. ix
Prefacep. xi
Introductionp. 1
Perspectives and Approachesp. 3
The 5th and 4th Millennia BC of the Southern Levantp. 20
The Present and Past Environmentp. 20
The Late Neolithicp. 25
The Chalcolithic Periodp. 33
The Early Bronze Age Ip. 44
Concluding Remarksp. 54
The 5th and 4th Millennia BC of Northeast Africap. 56
Present and Past Environmentp. 56
The Late Neolithic in Egypt and Nubia-the 5th Millenniump. 58
The Predynastic Periods of Egypt: Naqada And Maadi-the 4th Millenniump. 67
Lower Nubia in the 4th Millennium-the Nubian A-Groupp. 73
Concluding Remarksp. 79
The Role of Nomadic Pastoralistsp. 80
Present Nomads in Northeast Africa and the Southern Levantp. 81
Archaeology and Nomadic Pastoralistsp. 88
Pastoral Nomadism in Northeast Africa and the Southern Levant during the 5th and 4th Millennia BC?p. 92
Concluding Remarksp. 112
The Role of Copper in the Late 5th and 4th Millennia BCp. 113
Metallurgy-Mining, Smelting and Castingp. 113
Copper Artefacts And Contextsp. 128
Metallurgical Aspects of Copperp. 161
Copper Beyond Egypt and Nubiap. 165
Concluding Remarksp. 166
Contact, Specialization and Valuep. 169
Contact and Exchange in the 5th and 4th Millenniap. 169
Growing Focus on Specialization and Ritualizationp. 185
The Social Value of Early Copperp. 189
Concluding Remarksp. 197
Conclusionp. 198
Bibliographyp. 202
Indexp. 228
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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