Mexico Political, Social and Economic Evolution

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-11-10
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Mexico: Political, Social and Economic Evolution provides a compelling overview of the profound changes that have taken place within Mexico over the past twenty-five years. Offering a multifaceted take on the evolution of contemporary Mexico, the text analyzes the relationship between Mexico's past and present; the connections between its economic, political and social trajectories; and the interaction between domestic and international forces. Unlike most texts on Mexican politics and history, this volume also discusses the emergence of civic organizations, social groups and protest movements; the process of Mexico-U.S. migration and its implications for contemporary Mexico; and U.S.-Mexico relations. FEATURES * Opens with a broad historical overview of Mexico and closes with a discussion of the challenges facing Mexico today * Examines different social and institutional actors --policy makers, business groups, social organizations, grassroots movements, guerrilla organizations, workers, indigenous groups, transnational corporations and migrants--how they interact with one another and how they have directly or indirectly influenced changes in Mexico * Draws material from a rich variety of sources, including extensive research in Mexico and interviews with Mexican and U.S. scholars * Incorporates diverse theoretical perspectives in its discussion of many issues (democracy and democratic transition, modernization and development, social movements, civil society and international migration)

Author Biography

Nora Hamilton is Professor of Political Science at the University of Southern California.

Table of Contents

List of Figures, Maps and Tablesp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xii
Chronology of Mexican Historyp. xiv
Introductionp. 1
Mexico in the Latin American Contextp. 2
Analytical Approachp. 4
Setting the Stage: An Introduction to Mexicop. 6
Brief Overview of Mexico's 20th Century Trajectoryp. 6
Identification of Major Social Actorsp. 8
Legaciesp. 14
Pre-Colombian Mexicop. 15
The Colonial Period: 1521-1821p. 17
Independence and the Early Republic: 1821-1910p. 25
The Early Republic and the Liberal Reform: 1821-1876p. 25
The Porfiriato: 1876-1910p. 29
The Revolution: 1910-1940p. 32
Forces in Conflict: The Trajectory of Revolution (1910-1920)p. 32
The Establishment of the Post-Revolutionary Order: I. The Sonoran Dynasty (1920-1934)p. 34
The Establishment of the Post-Revolutionary Order: II. The Government of Lázaro Cárdenas (1934-1940)p. 49
Discussionp. 59
The "Pax Priista" and the "Mexican Miracle"p. 62
The 1940 Elections and the Post-Cárdenas Administrationsp. 64
The Mexican Political System: The Institutional Revolutionp. 67
Mexico's Economic Miraclep. 71
Conceptualizing Developmentp. 71
The Economic Modelp. 72
The "Economic Miracle" and Its Implicationsp. 76
Flaws in the Modelp. 80
Resistance, Co-Optation and Repressionp. 83
Labor and Peasant Resistancep. 83
The Student Movement of 1968p. 87
From Vulnerability to Crisisp. 93
The Echeverría Government: The Limits to Reformismp. 96
Jose López Portillo: Oil to the Rescue?p. 100
Conclusionsp. 105
Reorienting Mexico's Economy: The Process of Economic Liberalizationp. 107
Introductionp. 107
Changing Context/Shifting Alliancesp. 108
International Contextp. 108
Domestic Conditionsp. 109
Economic Stabilization and Restructuring: 1982-1994p. 113
Monetary Stabilizationp. 114
Trade Liberalizationp. 115
Privatizationp. 116
Deregulationp. 118
The "Flexibilization" of Laborp. 119
The Modernization of the Countrysidep. 120
The North American Free Trade Agreementp. 122
The Impact of Economic Liberalizationp. 126
From Euphoria to Disillusion: The Peso Crisisp. 133
Conclusionsp. 135
From "Perfect Dictatorship" to Imperfect Democracyp. 136
Introductionp. 136
Conceptualizations of Democracy and Democratic Transitionp. 138
A Model of Democratization in Mexicop. 144
The 1988 Elections and the Administration of Carlos Salinas de Gortari (1988-1994)p. 146
1994 and the Administration of Ernesto Zedillo (1994-2000)p. 152
Mexico's Political Trajectory: A Summaryp. 160
The Fox Administration (2000-2006)p. 162
The Contentious Election of 2006p. 165
Democratization in Mexico: Achievements and Obstaclesp. 170
Mobilization and Resistance: Grassroots Organizing, Social Movements and Cycles of Protestp. 174
Perspectives on Social Mobilization and Protest Movementsp. 175
Urban Protest Movements and the Asamblea de Barrios (Neighborhood Assembly)p. 179
Chiapas and the Zapatistasp. 183
Debtors in Revolt: The Barzón Movementp. 191
The Risks of Being an Ecologist: Community Forestry and Human Rights in Guerrerop. 194
Labor Mobilization and the New Trade Unionismp. 198
Grassroots Protest in Oaxaca: Local 22 and the Popular Assembly of the People of Oaxaca (APPO)p. 201
Women in Social Movementsp. 207
Discussionp. 212
Mexicans on the Move: Migration, Settlement and Transnational Activismp. 218
Introduction: Migration Storiesp. 218
Concepts and Issuesp. 219
Mexican Migration in Historical Perspectivep. 225
"The border crossed us."p. 225
Migration during the Porfiriato and the Revolutionary Periodp. 225
Migration between the 1940s and the 1970sp. 227
Political Activism among Mexican Americans in the United Statesp. 230
Economic Crisis, Neoliberalism and Contemporary Migrationp. 231
The Mexican Presence in the United States Todayp. 233
Living across Borders: Mexicans as Transnational Actorsp. 234
Migration from a Traditional Sending Area: The Case of Zacatecasp. 241
Indigenous Migration: Mixtecs and Zapotecs from Oaxacap. 245
Migration and Personal Transformationp. 247
Review and Discussion: Mexican Migration and U.S.-Mexican Relationsp. 250
U.S.-Mexico Relations: Current Issuesp. 255
NAFTA and the Mexican Economyp. 257
The Drug Tradep. 263
Migration Policies in the United States and Mexicop. 271
Conclusionsp. 278
Mexico's Evolution: Legacies and Challengesp. 281
The Evolution of Socio-Economic Actorsp. 281
The Growing Heterogeneity of Political Actorsp. 286
Changing External Relations and International Actorsp. 288
Unresolved Issues and New Challengesp. 293
Notesp. 295
Bibliographyp. 315
Creditsp. 339
Indexp. 341
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