Military Identities The Regimental System, the British Army, and the British People, c.1870-2000

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2005-08-11
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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The regimental system has been the foundation of the British army for three hundred years. This iconoclastic study shows how it was refashioned in the late nineteenth century, and how it was subsequently and repeatedly reinvented to suit the changing roles that were forced upon the army. Based upon a combination of official papers, private papers and personal reminiscences, and upon research in the National Archives, regimental museums and collections, and other depositories, this book challenges the assumptions of both the exponents and detractors of the system. The author, DavidFrench, shows that there was not one, but several, regimental systems and he demonstrates that localised recruiting was usually a failure. Many regiments were never able to draw more than a small proportion of their recruits from their own districts. He shows that regimental loyalties were not aprimordial force; regimental authorities had to create them and in the late nineteenth century they manufactured new traditions with gusto, whilst in both world wars regimental postings quickly broke down and regiments had to take recruits from wherever they could find them. French also argues thatthe notion that the British army was bad at fighting big battles because the regimental system created a parochial military culture is facile. This is the first book to strip away the myths that have been deliberately manufactured to justify or to condemn the regimental system and to uncover the reality beneath them. It thus illuminates our understanding of the past while simultaneously throwing glaring new light on the still continuingdebate over the place of the regimental system in the modern army today.

Author Biography

David French was educated at the University of York and King's College London. He lectured at North London Polytechnic, the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, and Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, before joining the History Department of UCL in 1981. He was awarded a personal chair in history at UCL in 1996. He has been the recipient of the Arthur Goodzeit Prize of the New York Military Affairs Symposium, and has twice won the Templer Medal of the Society for Army Historical Research. He is a member of the editorial boards of War in History and the Journal of Strategic Studies and is a member of the Council of the Army Records Society.

Table of Contents

Abbreviations viii
Introduction 1(9)
The Cardwell-Childers Reforms and the Re-creation of the Regimental System
Recruiting for the Regiments
Basic Training
The Construction of the Idea of `the Regiment'
Barrack Life
The Leadership of the Regimental System: Officers and NCOs
Deviancy and Discipline in the Regimental System
The Auxiliary Regiments
Civilians and their Regiments
The Regimental System and the Battlefield
The Creation of the Post-modern Regimental System, c.1945-1970
Conclusion 334(19)
Bibliography 353(31)
Index 384

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