Mla Handbook for Writers of Research Papers

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1999-06-01
  • Publisher: Modern Language Assn of Amer
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The fifth edition of the MLA Handbook is revamped for the Internet age. A complete toolbox for online research, this edition offers guidance in-- finding research materials online-- judging the quality of information on the Internet-- using expanded and updated MLA formats to documents a wide variety of online sources-- preparing text in electronic form

Table of Contents

Forewordp. xiii
Research and Writing
The Research Paper as a Form of Explorationp. 2
The Research Paper as a Form of Writingp. 4
Selecting a Topicp. 4
Conducting Researchp. 5
The Modern Academic Libraryp. 5
The Central Information Systemp. 6
Reference Worksp. 6
The Online Catalog of Library Holdingsp. 14
Other Library Resources and Servicesp. 19
Internet Sourcesp. 20
Compiling a Working Bibliographyp. 22
Evaluating Sourcesp. 25
Authorship and Authorityp. 27
Accuracy and Verifiabilityp. 28
Currencyp. 28
Taking Notesp. 28
Plagiarismp. 30
Outliningp. 34
Working Outlinep. 34
Thesis Statementp. 35
Final Outlinep. 36
Writing Draftsp. 40
Language and Stylep. 42
Guides to Writingp. 43
The Mechanics of Writing
Spellingp. 49
Consistencyp. 49
Word Divisionp. 49
Pluralsp. 50
Foreign Wordsp. 50
Punctuationp. 50
The Purpose of Punctuationp. 50
Commasp. 51
Semicolonsp. 56
Colonsp. 56
Dashes and Parenthesesp. 58
Hyphensp. 59
Apostrophesp. 61
Quotation Marksp. 63
Square Bracketsp. 63
Slashesp. 64
Periods, Question Marks, and Exclamation Pointsp. 64
Italics (Underlining)p. 65
Words and Letters Referred to as Words and Lettersp. 65
Foreign Words in an English Textp. 66
Emphasisp. 66
Names of Personsp. 66
First and Subsequent Uses of Namesp. 66
Titles of Personsp. 67
Names of Authors and Fictional Charactersp. 68
Numbersp. 68
Arabic Numeralsp. 68
Use of Words or Numeralsp. 68
Commas in Numbersp. 70
Percentages and Amounts of Moneyp. 70
Dates and Times of the Dayp. 71
Inclusive Numbersp. 72
Roman Numeralsp. 72
Titles of Works in the Research Paperp. 73
Capitalization and Punctuationp. 73
Underlined Titlesp. 75
Titles in Quotation Marksp. 76
Titles and Quotations within Titlesp. 76
Exceptionsp. 78
Shortened Titlesp. 80
Quotationsp. 80
Use and Accuracy of Quotationsp. 80
Prosep. 81
Poetryp. 83
Dramap. 84
Ellipsisp. 85
Other Alterations of Sourcesp. 89
Punctuation with Quotationsp. 90
Translations of Quotationsp. 93
Capitalization and Personal Names in Languages Other Than Englishp. 94
Frenchp. 94
Germanp. 96
Italianp. 97
Spanishp. 99
Latinp. 100
The Format of the Research Paper
Printing or Typingp. 104
Paperp. 104
Marginsp. 104
Spacingp. 105
Heading and Titlep. 105
Page Numbersp. 106
Tables and Illustrationsp. 106
Corrections and Insertionsp. 109
Bindingp. 109
Electronic Submissionp. 110
Documentation: Preparing the List of Works Cited
Documenting Sourcesp. 114
MLA Stylep. 114
The List of Works Cited and Other Source Listsp. 116
Placement of the List of Works Citedp. 117
Arrangement of Entriesp. 118
Citing Books and Other Nonperiodical Publicationsp. 119
The Basic Entry: A Book by a Single Authorp. 119
An Anthology or a Compilationp. 123
Two or More Books by the Same Authorp. 123
A Book by Two or More Authorsp. 124
Two or More Books by the Same Authorsp. 126
A Book by a Corporate Authorp. 126
A Work in an Anthologyp. 127
An Article in a Reference Bookp. 130
An Introduction, a Preface, a Foreword, or an Afterwordp. 131
Cross-Referencesp. 132
An Anonymous Bookp. 133
An Editionp. 134
A Translationp. 135
A Book Published in a Second or Subsequent Editionp. 137
A Multivolume Workp. 137
A Book in a Seriesp. 140
A Republished Bookp. 141
A Publisher's Imprintp. 141
A Book with Multiple Publishersp. 142
A Pamphletp. 142
A Government Publicationp. 143
The Published Proceedings of a Conferencep. 145
A Book in a Language Other Than Englishp. 146
A Book Published before 1900p. 146
A Book without Stated Publication Information or Paginationp. 147
An Unpublished Dissertationp. 148
A Published Dissertationp. 148
Citing Articles and Other Publications in Periodicalsp. 149
The Basic Entry: An Article in a Scholarly Journal with Continuous Paginationp. 149
An Article in a Scholarly Journal That Pages Each Issue Separatelyp. 152
An Article in a Scholarly Journal That Uses Only Issue Numbersp. 153
An Article in a Scholarly Journal with More Than One Seriesp. 153
An Article in a Newspaperp. 154
An Article in a Magazinep. 155
A Reviewp. 156
An Abstract in an Abstracts Journalp. 158
An Anonymous Articlep. 159
An Editorialp. 159
A Letter to the Editorp. 159
A Serialized Articlep. 160
A Special Issuep. 161
An Article in a Microform Collection of Articlesp. 162
An Article Reprinted in a Loose-Leaf Collection of Articlesp. 162
Citing Miscellaneous Print and nonprint Sourcesp. 162
A Television or Radio Programp. 162
A Sound Recordingp. 164
A Film or Video Recordingp. 167
A Performancep. 169
A Musical Compositionp. 170
A Painting, Sculpture, or Photographp. 171
An Interviewp. 172
A Map or Chartp. 173
A Cartoonp. 174
An Advertisementp. 174
A Lecture, a Speech, an Address, or a Readingp. 174
A Manuscript or Typescriptp. 175
A Letter or Memop. 175
A Legal Sourcep. 176
Citing Electronic Publicationsp. 178
Introductionp. 178
An Online Scholarly Project, Information Database, or Professional or Personal Sitep. 180
An Online Bookp. 183
An Article in an Online Periodicalp. 186
A Publication on CD-ROM, Diskette, or Magnetic Tapep. 190
A Work in More Than One Publication Mediump. 195
A Work from an Online Servicep. 195
A Work in an Indeterminate Mediump. 196
Other Electronic Sourcesp. 196
Documentation: Citing Sources in the Text
Parenthetical Documentation and the List of Works Citedp. 204
Information Required in Parenthetical Documentationp. 204
Readabilityp. 206
Sample Referencesp. 208
Citing an Entire Print or Nonprint Workp. 208
Citing Part of a Workp. 211
Citing Volume and Page Numbers of a Multivolume Workp. 214
Citing a Work Listed by Titlep. 215
Citing a Work by a Corporate Authorp. 217
Citing Two or More Works by the Same Author or Authorsp. 218
Citing Indirect Sourcesp. 220
Citing Literary and Religious Worksp. 221
Citing More Than One Work in a Single Parenthetical Referencep. 224
Using Notes with Parenthetical Documentationp. 227
Content Notesp. 227
Bibliographic Notesp. 228
Introductionp. 232
Time Designationsp. 233
Geographic Namesp. 234
Common Scholarly Abbreviationsp. 237
Publishers' Namesp. 244
Symbols and Abbreviations Used in Proofreading and Correctionp. 246
Selected Proofreading Symbolsp. 246
Common Correction Symbols and Abbreviationsp. 246
Titles of Literary and Religious Worksp. 247
Biblep. 247
Shakespearep. 250
Chaucerp. 251
Other Literary Worksp. 252
Selected Reference Works by Field
Anthropologyp. 256
Artp. 256
Biologyp. 257
Businessp. 257
Chemistryp. 258
Computer Sciencep. 258
Educationp. 259
Environmental Sciencesp. 259
Geographyp. 260
Geologyp. 260
Historyp. 260
Language and Literaturep. 261
Lawp. 262
Mathematicsp. 262
Medicinep. 263
Musicp. 263
Philosophyp. 263
Physicsp. 264
Psychologyp. 264
Religionp. 265
Science and Technologyp. 265
Sociologyp. 265
Other Systems of Documentation
Endnotes and Footnotesp. 268
Documentation Notes versus the List of Works Cited and Parenthetical Referencesp. 268
Note Numbersp. 268
Note Form versus Bibliographic Formp. 269
Endnotes versus Footnotesp. 269
Sample First Note References: Books and Other Nonperiodical Publicationsp. 270
Sample First Note References: Articles and Other Publications in Periodicalsp. 273
Sample First Note References: Miscellaneous Print and Nonprint Sourcesp. 276
Sample First Note References: Electronic Publicationsp. 279
Subsequent Referencesp. 284
Author-Date Systemp. 285
Number Systemp. 287
Specialized Style Manualsp. 288
Sample Pages of a Research Paper in MLA Stylep. 291
Indexp. 295
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