Modeling and Dimensioning of Structures An Introduction

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: eBook
  • Copyright: 2010-01-28
  • Publisher: Wiley-ISTE

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This book provides the main topics currently used for the calculus of structures. The reference establishes a link between the traditional approach on the strength of materials and the present finite element method, details the main aspects of practical modeling, and explores numerous case studies.

Author Biography

Daniel Gay was Director of the Laboratory of Mechanical Design at the University of Toulouse, France, for more than 15 years. He published numerous papers in international scientific journals and several books on composites materials.

Jacques Gambelin is Professor of Mechanical Design at the University of Toulouse, France, and taught structural design andcalculus for aeronautical applications for more than 20 years.

Table of Contents


Part 1. Level 1.

Chapter 1. The Basics of Linear Elastic Behavior.

1.1. Cohesion forces.

1.2. The notion of stress.

1.3. Hooke's law derived from a uniaxially applied force.

1.4. Plane state of stresses.

1.5. Particular case of straight beams.

Chapter 2. Mechanical Behavior of Structures: An Energy Approach.

2.1. Work and energy.

2.2. Conversion of work into energy.

2.3. Some standard expressions for potential deformation energy.

2.4. Work produced by external forces on a structure.

2.5. Links of a structure with its surroundings.

2.6. Stiffness of a structure.

Chapter 3. Discretization of a Structure into Finite Elements.

3.1. Preliminary observations.

3.2. Stiffness matrix of some simple finite elements.

3.3. Getting the global stiffness matrix of a structure.

3.4. Resolution of the system {F} = [K] • {d}.

3.5. Different types of finite elements available in industrial software.

Chapter 4. Applications: Discretization of Simple Structures.

4.1. Stiffness matrix of a spring.

4.2. Assembly of elements.

4.3. Behavior in the global coordinate system.

4.4. Bracket.

Part 2. Level 2.

Chapter 5. Other Types of Finite Elements.

5.1. Return to local and global coordinate systems.

5.2. Complete beam element (any loading case).

5.3. Elements for the plane state of stress.

5.4. Plate element.

5.5. Elements for complete states of stresses.

5.6. Shell elements.

Chapter 6. Introduction to Finite Elements for Structural Dynamics.

6.1. Principles and characteristics of dynamic study.

6.2. Mass properties of beams.

6.3. Generalization.

6.4. Summary.

Chapter 7. Criteria for Dimensioning.

7.1. Designing and dimensioning.

7.2. Dimensioning in statics.

7.3. Dimensioning in fatigue.

Chapter 8. Practical Aspects of Finite Element Modeling.

8.1. Use of finite element software.

8.2. Example 1: machine-tool shaft.

8.3. Example 2: thin-walled structures.

8.4. Example 3: modeling of a massive structure.

8.5. Summary of the successive modeling steps.

Part 3. Supplements.

Chapter 9. Behavior of Straight Beams.

9.1. The "straight beam" model.

9.2. Mesoscopic equilibrium or equilibrium extended to a whole cross-section.

9.3. Behavior relations and stresses.

9.4. Application: example of detailed calculation of the resultant forces and moments of cohesive forces.

Chapter 10. Additional Elements of Elasticity.

10.1. Reverting to the plane state of stresses.

10.2. Complete state of stresses.

Chapter 11. Structural Joints.

11.1. General information on connections by means of cylindrical fasteners.

11.2. Bolted joint.

11.3. Riveted joint.

11.4. Welded joints.

Chapter 12. Mathematical Prerequisites.

12.1. Matrix calculus.

12.2. Change in orthonormal coordinate system.

Appendix A. Modeling of Common Mechanical Joints.

A.1. Definition.

A.2. Common standardized mechanical joints (ISO 3952).

Appendix B. Mechanical Properties of Materials.

B.1. Mechanical properties of some materials used for structures.

Appendix C. List of Summaries.


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