The Modern Middle East A History

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-08-29
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Newly revised and updated to explain events that have occurred since the American occupation of Iraq, the second edition of The Modern Middle East: A History explores how the forces associated with global modernity have shaped the social, economic, cultural, and political life in the region over the course of the past 500 years. Beginning with the first glimmerings of the current international state and economic systems in the sixteenth century, this book examines the impact of imperial and imperialist legacies, the great nineteenth-century transformation, cultural continuities and upheavals, international diplomacy, economic booms and busts, the emergence of authoritarian regimes, and the current challenges to those regimes on everyday life in an area of vital concern to us all. Engagingly written, drawing from the author's own research and other studies, and stocked with maps and photographs, original documents, and an abundance of supplementary materials, The Modern Middle East: A History will provide both novices and specialists with fresh insights into the events that have shaped history and the debates about them that have absorbed historians.

Author Biography

James L. Gelvin is Professor of History at UCLA. An award-winning teacher, he is the author of The Israel-Palestine Conflict: One Hundred Years of War (2005), Divided Loyalties: Nationalism and Mass Politics in Syria at the Close of Empire (1998), and numerous shorter works.

Table of Contents

Vignettes and Mapsp. v
Acknowledgmentsp. vii
A Note on Transliterationp. viii
Introduction: 9/11 in Historical Perspectivep. 1
The Advent of the Modern Agep. 9
From Late Antiquity to the Dawn of a New Agep. 15
Gunpowder Empiresp. 27
The Middle East and the Modern World Systemp. 35
War, Diplomacy, and the New Global Balance of Powerp. 47
Documentsp. 60
Draft Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the Ottoman Empire and France, February 1535p. 60
The Travels of Sir John Chardin into Persia and the East-Indies (1)p. 61
The Travels of Sir John Chardin into Persia and the East-Indies (2)p. 63
Suggested Readingsp. 66
The Question of Modernityp. 69
Defensive Developmentalismp. 73
Imperialismp. 88
Wasif Jawhariyyeh and the Great Nineteenth-Century Transformationp. 100
Photo Essay: The Great Transformationp. 111
The Life of the Mindp. 123
Secularism and Modernityp. 132
Constitutionalismp. 139
Documentsp. 147
Commercial Convention (Balta Liman): Britain and the Ottoman Empirep. 147
The Hatt-i Sharif of Gulhanep. 148
The Islahat Fermanip. 150
The d'Arcy Oil Concessionp. 154
Algeria: Poetry of Lossp. 157
Huda Shaarawi: A New Mentor and Her Salon for Womenp. 158
Rifa'a Rafi' al-Tahtawi: The Extraction of Gold or an Overview of Parisp. 160
Muhammad 'Abduh: The Theology of Unityp. 161
Namik Kemal: Extract from the Journal Hurriyetp. 163
The Supplementary Fundamental Laws of 7 October 1907p. 164
Suggested Readingsp. 167
World War and the Middle East State Systemp. 171
State-Building by Decreep. 175
State-Building by Revolution and Conquestp. 186
The Introduction and Spread of Nationalismp. 197
The Origins of the Israeli-Palestinian Disputep. 206
Documentsp. 215
Resolution of the Syrian General Congress at Damascus, 2 July 1919p. 215
Theodor Herzl: A Solution of the Jewish Questionp. 217
The Balfour Declaration, 2 November 1917p. 218
Mahmud Darwish: Eleven Planets in the Last Andalusian Skyp. 219
Suggested Readingsp. 220
The Contemporary Erap. 223
State and Society in the Contemporary Middle East: An Old/New Relationshipp. 231
Oilp. 247
The United States and the Middle Eastp. 257
Israel, the Arab States, and the Palestiniansp. 271
The Iranian Revolutionp. 282
Islamic Political Movementsp. 294
Conclusion: The Middle East in the "Age of Globalization"p. 304
Documentsp. 312
Speech Delivered by President Gamal 'Abd al-Nasser at Port Said on the Occasion of Victory Day on 23 December 1961p. 312
Zakaria Tamer: Tigers on the Tenth Dayp. 313
U.N. Security Council Resolution 242p. 316
'Ali Shari'ati: The Philosophy of History: The Story of Cain and Abelp. 317
Ayatollah Khomeini: Islamic Governmentp. 319
Sayyid Qutb: Milestonesp. 320
Suggested Readingsp. 323
Timelinep. 325
Biographical Sketchesp. 329
Glossaryp. 335
Creditsp. 344
Indexp. 346
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